Catatan: Bukan tipe saya mengirim artikel yang tidak relevan dengan
misi milis ini,
tetapi dengan tragedi kejahatan kemanusiaan berupa pembajakan flotilla
untuk bantuan kemanusiaan oleh rezim brutal Israel,
ada baiknya mempelajari ID/Permit System di Israel:
segala sesuatu pakai ijin, dan menunjukkan kartu ID.

Penulis Stephen Lendman menjelaskan bagaimana sistem ini bekerja,
betapa buruknya sistem ini, lebih buruk daripada apartheid Afrika Selatan,
dan mirip dengan bagaimana Nazi memperlakukan bangsa Yahudi
dan bagaimana Amerika memperlakukan suku-suku Indian.

Untuk selanjutnya saya akan membatasi diri
dalam memberi komentar untuk topik-topik seperti ini,
dan saya berharap serupa kepada anggota-anggota milis ini.
Masih banyak milis lain untuk isu seperti ini.



Israel's ID/Permit System
Note the similarity to how the Nazis treated the Jews, and how the
United States treated native Indians.

by Stephen Lendman
Thursday, 13 May 2010

On April 23, Arizona's racist immigration bill became law. Called
"Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhood Act," it requires
proof of legal entry or citizenship or face arrest, fines, jailing,
and/or deportation.

Under South African apartheid, pass laws segregated blacks from
whites, restricted their movements, required pass books be carried at
all times, and produced on demand or face arrest and prosecution.
Evolving from the 18th and 19th century until their 1986 repeal, they
restricted entry to cities, forcibly relocated blacks, denied them
most public amenities and many forms of employment, and became
apartheid's most hated symbol.

Under Israeli military occupation, repression is worse than South
Africa's. It's a sophisticated form of social, economic, political and
racial discrimination, strangulation, and genocide, incorporating the
worst elements of colonialism and apartheid as well as repressive
dispossession, displacement and state terrorism to separate
Palestinians from their land and heritage, deny them their rightful
civil and human rights, and gradually remove or eliminate them

Apartheid is the worst form of racism. Israeli militarized occupation
is the worst form of apartheid, incorporating violence, military
incursions, land theft, home demolitions, targeted assassinations,
murder, mass arrests, torture, destruction of agricultural land, and
isolation - measures amounting to genocide, including starving Gazans
under siege.

The ID/permit system is one of many elements designed to make greater
Israel an ethnically pure Jewish state.

Israel requires all permanent residents and citizens over 16 to have
color-coded ID cards (called te'udat zehut) for West Bank and Gazan
Palestinians, East Jerusalem ones, Israeli Arabs and Jews.

For Palestinians, they dictate where they may live, work, and move, or
be allowed through West Bank checkpoints, to Israel or Gaza. Doing so
requires hard to get permits, easily cancelled without notice. More on
them below.

Jews have blue IDs, Palestinians either Israeli-issued orange ones (in
Hebrew) or nearly identical Palestinian Authority-issued green ones
with a PA seal on top, that include the following information:

name and ID number;
father and mother's names;
date and place of birth;
marital status;
gender; and
Prior to 2005, ethnicity was also included. It's still available on
request from state registrations.

A separate document includes:

current and previous addresses;
previous names;
citizenship, including for permanent resident citizens of other countries;
name, birth date and ID numbers for spouse and children; and
electoral polling stamp.
Since the 1993 Oslo Accords and follow-up agreements, West Bank
Palestinians are prohibited from accessing Jerusalem health and
educational services, the Separation Wall adding more impediments for
thousands of residents on the West Bank side and others in the Seam
Zone - the area east of the Green Line and west of the Wall. They also
lose services, and for Jerusalem residents, access to the city and
their residency.

Worse still, Seam Zone residents face possible land annexation to make
way for settlement expansions and new ones. They need permits to live
in their homes and till their fields. Others in East Jerusalem living
west of the Wall must cross barriers and have permits to access other
parts of the West Bank.

In theory, Jerusalem Palestinians may move freely within the city and
through most of the West Bank. In practice, harsh security measures
prevent it as well as their right to work in Israel, pay taxes, and
get national insurance benefits. In addition, their Jerusalem
residency isn't guaranteed. If they live outside the city for seven
years, it's revoked, or if Israel wishes, revocation by military order
may come.

Israeli Arabs are citizens, their ID cards identifying their religion.
Again theoretically, they have free access to the West Bank and
Jerusalem. In practice, they're stopped, questioned, delayed, and
denied access to West Bank cities by military order. The Separation
Wall adds other restrictions.

Israeli and settlement Jews have unrestricted free movement throughout
the West Bank and Jerusalem, unimpeded by the Separation Wall or
repressive military orders, not applicable to them under civil law.

Israel's Permit System
They harass and obstruct free movement as a Kafkaesque element of
control, including:

bypass roads for Jews only;
permanent and mobile checkpoints, roadblocks, and other barriers that
remain open or close intermittently without notice or explanation;
control of all border crossings;
closures anywhere, any time for any reason;
the Separation Wall expropriating 12% of the West Bank as well as
isolating communities from each other;
ghettoizing them; and
requiring a discriminatory system of work, internal and external
movement permits to go anywhere -
from one community to another;
to and from the West Bank and Jerusalem;
to reach Gaza, nearly impossible under siege;
to enter or leave Israel, also nearly impossible; and
go to work, school or shop, access health care, visit family, and for
Seam Zone farmers till land they've owned for generations - what they
face losing to make way for settlement development.
Permits are also required to build; make home renovations; grow crops
not competing with Israeli ones; open a factory or business; import
equipment; export merchandise; and over whatever else Israel decides
to control - imposed to make daily life impossible.

Violence and bureaucratic harshness enforce the occupation, ongoing
illegally since 1967 - to traumatize and intimidate Palestinians to
leave, crush their will, and displace them forcefully if necessary for
Jewish only settlements.

West Bank Palestinians face daunting restrictions to reach Jerusalem
or Israel, given repressive prohibitions, except under special
circumstances rarely granted. To qualify requires applying and paying
for a magnetic card, proving they have security clearance permission.
If granted, they're for short periods for medical or other
emergencies. Few permits are issued for work, and most medical and
other emergency ones are denied.

Despite living on their own land in their own country, under military
occupation they're designated "permanent residents," the equivalent of
being non-persons.

Traveling abroad requires a special Interior Ministry issued, "laissez
passer," good for one year and renewable (only in Israel) if granted,
but unless return before expiration, it's denied altogether.

To reach Jordan, a valid state passport is needed, documents held by
many West Bank and East Jerusalem residents since the Hashemite
Kingdom administered the Territory.

Since the 1994 Cairo Agreement on Gaza and the Jericho Area, special
permits aren't required, just a passport and valid PA travel document
approved by Israel. But given intensified repression since September
2000 and the Gaza War, procedures are easily denied, Israel
maintaining tight internal and border control for "security."

Until the second Intifada, West Bank residents could travel from Tel
Aviv's Ben Gurion Airport with an "airport permit." Now they're for
special emergencies only on humanitarian grounds. Nonetheless, West
Bank residents outside the Territory can't return easily. Since 1994,
reentry permits aren't needed for those temporarily abroad or in
Jordan. But if left before 1994, returning may be denied if permits
expired and weren't renewed, possible only in Israel. From 1967 -
1994, triennial renewals were required.

Again, established procedures change often and are uncertain at best -
to harass, deny and repress.

Under siege, Gazans are entirely constrained (with few exceptions),
but earlier, with ID and magnetic cards and and a required permit,
travel to Jordan or abroad via Ben Gurion Airport was permitted.

No longer. Israel controls the only Rafah crossing into Egypt, so to
enter requires a hard to get Egyptian visa and Israel's permission,
available only under special circumstances to very few people with no
assurance of reentry on return even though permits aren't required.

Under the Oslo Accords and follow-up agreements, Israel and the PA
maintained a registry of West Bank and Gaza residents, the PA
authorized to issue ID cards and passports (for travel) to West Bank
Palestinians, not Gazans or those in East Jerusalem. Since September
2000, Israel's Civil Administration Liaison Office handles all permit
applications, none of them easy to get.

Unlike earlier, permission to work in Israel is hard to impossible as
an October 7, 2003 Haaretz article explained, saying:

"It is quite complicated for a Palestinian to get legal permission to
work in Israel. The employer must apply to the authorities, providing
the name of the worker to be employed. The security services check the
worker's history - and there are criteria that anyway must be met:
they must be over 35, have at least five children; and no security
history, which means never having been arrested and preferably none of
his relatives having such a record. If the license is granted, it goes
to the Palestinian Authority Labor Affairs Ministry offices in the
district where the worker lives, and the PA Employment Bureau hands
over the license...."

Final Comments
About 2,500 military orders govern Palestinians, covering virtually
everything from bank account withdrawals, to water rights, land
transactions, opening a business, growing onions, to Order No. 1650
(Prevention of Infiltration) and Order No. 1649 (Security Provisions).

Effective April 13, they potentially facilitate the deportation of
tens of thousands of West Bank and East Jerusalem Palestinians and/or
their imprisonment for up to seven years.

Those at risk have ID cards showing Gaza their birth place, others
born in the West Bank or abroad who lost their residency status,
anyone unable to prove their legitimate status, foreign-born spouses,
and those Israel targets for any reason to expel them. Earlier,
Israeli civil courts prevented deportations. Military ones now have
sole jurisdiction.

Anyone in the West Bank or East Jerusalem "illegally" is an
"infiltrator," as well as others there without lawful permits.
Military commanders have sole discretion to incrementally or mass
expel them, with no way to challenge as orders will come unexpectedly,
providing no time to appeal. Deportations and/or arrests will follow,
longstanding practices under repressive military occupation affording
justice solely to Jews.

Stephen Lendman is a Research Associate of the Centre for Research on
Globalization. He lives in Chicago and can be reached at

Also visit his blog site at and listen to The
Global Research News Hour on Mondays from
11AM to 1PM US Central time for cutting-edge discussions with
distinguished guests on world and national topics. All programs are
archived for easy listening.

Mr. Lendman's stories are republished in the Baltimore Chronicle with
permission of the author.

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