Perokok pasif menghadapi risiko terkena penyakit jantung dan kanker paru.
Peringatan bagi perokok, jangan merokok di dalam rumah meskipun ketika itu
anak-anak dan isteri anda sedang tidak di rumah karena asap nikotin yang
keluar dari rokok anda akan mengendap di perbaotan dan dinding-dinding rumah
dan akan tetap berbahaya bagi anak-anak anda. Merokoklah di halaman rumah
yang terbuka.

Science News
No Risk-Free Level Of Exposure To Secondhand Smoke, Surgeon General Says
ScienceDaily (June 27, 2006) — U.S. Surgeon General Richard H. Carmona today
issued a comprehensive scientific report which concludes that there is no
risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke. Nonsmokers exposed to
secondhand smoke at home or work increase their risk of developing heart
disease by 25 to 30 percent and lung cancer by 20 to 30 percent. The finding
is of major public health concern due to the fact that nearly half of all
nonsmoking Americans are still regularly exposed to secondhand smoke.
The report, The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke
 finds that even brief secondhand smoke exposure can cause immediate harm.
The report says the only way to protect nonsmokers from the dangerous
chemicals in secondhand smoke is to eliminate smoking indoors.
“The report is a crucial warning sign to nonsmokers and smokers alike,” HHS
Secretary Michael Leavitt said. "Smoking can sicken and kill, and even
people who do not smoke can be harmed by smoke from those who do.”
Secondhand smoke exposure can cause heart disease and lung cancer in
nonsmoking adults and is a known cause of sudden infant death syndrome
(SIDS), respiratory problems, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants
and children, the report finds.
“The health effects of secondhand smoke exposure are more pervasive than we
previously thought,” said Surgeon General Carmona, vice admiral of the U.S.
Public Health Service. “The scientific evidence is now indisputable:
secondhand smoke is not a mere annoyance. It is a serious health hazard that
can lead to disease and premature death in children and nonsmoking adults.”
Secondhand smoke contains more than 50 cancer-causing chemicals, and is
itself a known human carcinogen. Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand
smoke inhale many of the same toxins as smokers. Even brief exposure to
secondhand smoke has immediate adverse effects on the cardiovascular system
and increases risk for heart disease and lung cancer, the report says. In
addition, the report notes that because the bodies of infants and children
are still developing, they are especially vulnerable to the poisons in
secondhand smoke.
“The good news is that, unlike some public health hazards, secondhand smoke
exposure is easily prevented,” Surgeon General Carmona said. “Smoke-free
indoor environments are proven, simple approaches that prevent exposure and
harm.” The report finds that even the most sophisticated ventilation systems
cannot completely eliminate secondhand smoke exposure and that only
smoke-free environments afford full protection.
Surgeon General Carmona noted that levels of cotinine -- a biological marker
for secondhand smoke exposure -- measured in nonsmokers have fallen by 70
percent since the late 1980s, and the proportion of nonsmokers with
detectable cotinine levels has been halved from 88 percent in 1988-91 to 43
percent in 2001-02.
“Our progress over the past 20 years in clearing the air of tobacco smoke is
a major public health success story,” Surgeon General Carmona said. “We have
averted many thousands of cases of disease and early death and saved
millions of dollars in health care costs.” He emphasized, however, that
sustained efforts are required to protect the more than 126 million
Americans who continue to be regularly exposed to secondhand smoke in the
home, at work, and in enclosed public spaces.
To help communicate the report findings as widely as possible, the Surgeon
General unveiled an easy-to-read guide with practical information on the
dangers of secondhand smoke and steps people can take to protect themselves.
Copies of The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A 
Report of the Surgeon General and related materials are available on the 
Surgeon General’s Web site at

[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

Kirim email ke