http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/middle_east/article7148555.ece

June 12, 2010 
Saudi Arabia gives Israel clear skies to attack Iranian nuclear sites
Hugh Tomlinson 
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Saudi Arabia has conducted tests to stand down its air defences to enable 
Israeli jets to make a bombing raid on Iran's nuclear facilities, The Times can 
reveal. 

In the week that the UN Security Council imposed a new round of sanctions on 
Tehran, defence sources in the Gulf say that Riyadh has agreed to allow Israel 
to use a narrow corridor of its airspace in the north of the country to shorten 
the distance for a bombing run on Iran. 

To ensure the Israeli bombers pass unmolested, Riyadh has carried out tests to 
make certain its own jets are not scrambled and missile defence systems not 
activated. Once the Israelis are through, the kingdom's air defences will 
return to full alert. 

"The Saudis have given their permission for the Israelis to pass over and they 
will look the other way," said a US defence source in the area. "They have 
already done tests to make sure their own jets aren't scrambled and no one gets 
shot down. This has all been done with the agreement of the [US] State 
Department." 

Sources in Saudi Arabia say it is common knowledge within defence circles in 
the kingdom that an arrangement is in place if Israel decides to launch the 
raid. Despite the tension between the two governments, they share a mutual 
loathing of the regime in Tehran and a common fear of Iran's nuclear ambitions. 
"We all know this. We will let them [the Israelis] through and see nothing," 
said one. 

The four main targets for any raid on Iran would be the uranium enrichment 
facilities at Natanz and Qom, the gas storage development at Isfahan and the 
heavy-water reactor at Arak. Secondary targets include the lightwater reactor 
at Bushehr, which could produce weapons-grade plutonium when complete. 

The targets lie as far as 1,400 miles (2,250km) from Israel; the outer limits 
of their bombers' range, even with aerial refuelling. An open corridor across 
northern Saudi Arabia would significantly shorten the distance. An airstrike 
would involve multiple waves of bombers, possibly crossing Jordan, northern 
Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Aircraft attacking Bushehr, on the Gulf coast, could 
swing beneath Kuwait to strike from the southwest. 

Passing over Iraq would require at least tacit agreement to the raid from 
Washington. So far, the Obama Administration has refused to give its approval 
as it pursues a diplomatic solution to curbing Iran's nuclear ambitions. 
Military analysts say Israel has held back only because of this failure to 
secure consensus from America and Arab states. Military analysts doubt that an 
airstrike alone would be sufficient to knock out the key nuclear facilities, 
which are heavily fortified and deep underground or within mountains. However, 
if the latest sanctions prove ineffective the pressure from the Israelis on 
Washington to approve military action will intensify. Iran vowed to continue 
enriching uranium after the UN Security Council imposed its toughest sanctions 
yet in an effort to halt the Islamic Republic's nuclear programme, which Tehran 
claims is intended for civil energy purposes only. President Ahmadinejad has 
described the UN resolution as "a used handkerchief, which should be thrown in 
the dustbin". 

Israeli officials refused to comment yesterday on details for a raid on Iran, 
which the Prime Minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, has refused to rule out. 
Questioned on the option of a Saudi flight path for Israeli bombers, Aharaon 
Zeevi Farkash, who headed military intelligence until 2006 and has been 
involved in war games simulating a strike on Iran, said: "I know that Saudi 
Arabia is even more afraid than Israel of an Iranian nuclear capacity." 

In 2007 Israel was reported to have used Turkish air space to attack a 
suspected nuclear reactor being built by Iran's main regional ally, Syria. 
Although Turkey publicly protested against the "violation" of its air space, it 
is thought to have turned a blind eye in what many saw as a dry run for a 
strike on Iran's far more substantial - and better-defended - nuclear sites. 

Israeli intelligence experts say that Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Jordan are at 
least as worried as themselves and the West about an Iranian nuclear 
arsenal.Israel has sent missile-class warships and at least one submarine 
capable of launching a nuclear warhead through the Suez Canal for deployment in 
the Red Sea within the past year, as both a warning to Iran and in anticipation 
of a possible strike. Israeli newspapers reported last year that high-ranking 
officials, including the former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, have met their 
Saudi Arabian counterparts to discuss the Iranian issue. It was also reported 
that Meir Dagan, the head of Mossad, met Saudi intelligence officials last year 
to gain assurances that Riyadh would turn a blind eye to Israeli jets violating 
Saudi airspace during the bombing run. Both governments have denied the 
reports. 



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