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ONE    HUNDRED  MILLION  AMERICANS    WENT   TO  THE   POLLS   ON  7 NOVEMBER 
 TO   ELECT   A   NEW   PRESIDENT  TO  LEAD  THE  NATION,   AND  INDEED  THE 
WORLD  IN  MANY   IMPORTANT  RESPECTS,  FOR THE   NEXT  FOUR  YEARS.   ONE   
HUNDRED   MILLION   ADDITIONAL  AMERICANS  MADE  A  CLEAR  CHOICE   OF   NOT  
GOING  TO  THE   POLLS.   OF  THE  HALF  OF  THE    ELECTORATE  THAT  WENT  
TO  VOTE,  49%VOTED   FOR  AL  GORE   AND  48 % VOTED   FOR  GEORGE  W  BUSH 
-3%VOTED  FOR  RALPH  NADER, EXTREME  RIGHT  WINGER   BUCKLEY  RECEIVED  LESS 
 THAN  1%.  THE  RADICAL  RIGHT  WERE  VERY  HAPPY  WITH  BUSH WORKED   HARD  
TO  ELECT   HIM. 
 
   SO   WHO  WAS  ELECTED   ON  7  NOVEMBER.  AS   OF   THIS WRITING    AT  
THE BEGINNING   OF  DECEMBER,  NOBODY   YET.   WHY? AL  GORE  GOT MORE   
VOTES  THAN    GEORGE   BUSH.  SHOULDN'T  THAT  MAKE  HIM  PRESIDENT-ELECT?   
OR  IS  THIS  A  COUNTRY  WHERE   THE  SUCCESSFUL  CANDIDATE   MUST  HAVE  
OVER  50%  OR  FACE  A  RUNOFF?  NO.    
       
  THE   REASON    IS  THAT   NOBODY   YET   HAS   A  MAJORITY   IN  THE 
ELECTORAL  COLLEGE.    AMERICANS   DON'T VOTE   FOR  THE  PRESIDENT  AND VICE 
PRESIDENT.  THEY   VOTE   FOR  A  SLATE   OF  ELECTORS  COMMITTED  TO   THE  
CANDIDATE.  COMMITTED,  BUT   NOT  BOUND.  IN  THE  END  THEY  MAY  EVEN  
VOTE  FOR  NOBODY  WHO  RAN.   
 
  IS   THIS   NOT  THE  "GREATEST  DEMOCRACY  ON  EARTH"    WHICH  WILL  SHOW 
 THE WAY  TO  OTHER   NATIONS HOW  TO   DEMOCRATICALLY   ELECT  THEIR  
GOVERNMENTS. AND    IF  NECESSARY,  WHETHER  THEY  LIKE   IT  OR  NOT?  WELL  
NOT  EXACTLY. 
 
  THERE   ARE   A  WHOLE  COMPLEX  SERIES   OF   LEGAL   ACTIONS  FILED  IN   
STATE  AND   FEDERAL  COURTS,  PLUS   A   GREAT  VARIETY   OF   POLITICAL  
MANOEUVRES   TAKING  PLACE,  OF  A VERY  COMPLEX   NATURE,  TO  DETERMINE  
THE  OUTCOME.   ALL  OF  THIS  OF  COURSE  IN RESPECT  TO  THE   FLORIDA 
RESULTS,  WHERE , NOT ENTIRELY  COINCIDENTALLY. THE BROTHER  OF  GEO.  BUSH  
IS  GOVERNOR,  WHO  MAY  END  UP  SIGNING  A  LAW  PASSED  BY  A  RECONVENED  
 STATE  LEGISLATURE   NAMING  DELEGATES  TO  THE  ELECTORAL  COLLEGE,   WHO  
NEVER  RAN  IN    THE ELECTION.   
 
    GIVEN   ANOTHER  SCENARIO, AS  A   RESULT  OF  LEGAL    ACTIONS  NOW  
UNDER  WAY  AL GORE,   VICE  PRESIDENT  MAY  BE  CASTING  THE  TIE  BREAKING  
DECIDING  VOTE   IN THE SENATE  OF THE UNITED  STATES  MAKING AL  GORE  
PRESIDENT  OF  THE  UNITED   STATES.  UNBELIEVABLE?   FACT!   
 
  NOW   WHY   DID  HALF  THE  AMERICAN  ELECTORATE  DECIDE  NOT  TO VOTE?   
THE  SIMPLE  ANSWER  IS  THAT  IT  MADE   LITTLE  OR  NO  DIFFERENCE  WHICH   
OF  THE TWO CANDIDATES    WHO  STAGED   A  CAMPAIGN  COSTING  SEVERAL  
BILLION  DOLLARS  ACTUALLY   OCCUPIES  THE  WHITE  HOUSE.   THOSE  BILLIONS  
ALL  CAME  FROM  THE  SAME  CORPORATIONS  FOR BOTH SIDES.   IT  IS   A  
REASONABLE  PREMISE  THAT  THEY  MAY  WANT  SOMETHING   BACK  FOR  ALL  THAT  
MONEY.  THE  CONSTITUENTS  OF  THE WINNER  WERE  THEREFORE THE  CORPORATIONS. 
  SO  THE   REAL  WINNER   WAS  IN  ANY  CASE PREDETERMINED. 
 
    THERE  WAS  NOT  A  GREAT  DEAL  OF  DIFFERENCES  IN  THE   RHETORIC   
POURED   OUT  BY   THE  CANDIDATES.   AND RHETORIC    HAS   LITTLE  TO DO  
WITH   PERFORMANCE,  ONCE   ELECTED.  PERFORMANCE  WILL  HAVE  A  VERY   
GREAT  DEAL  TO DO  WITH  PRECOMITMENTS  TO  THE  REAL  CONSTITUENCY. 
 
  THE  WINNER  WILL  HAVE  RECEIVED  THE  VOTES  OF   SOMETHING   LESS  THAN  
A QUARTER   OF THE AMERICAN  ELECTORATE.   IS  THAT  AN  EXAMPLE  FOR THE  
REST   OF  THE  WORLD TO  FOLLOW?  HARDLY.   IN    BOTH  THE PREVIOUS  
ELECTIONS  FOR  BILL  CLINTON,  AS   INDEED   IN   THIS  ONE, MORE AMERICANS  
VOTED  AGAINST  CLINTON  THAN  FOR HIM.  THERE  WERE   THIRD  PARTY  
CANDIDATES  WHO DRAINED  OFF  SIGNIFICANT  PERCENTAGES  OF THE VOTE,   UP  TO 
  MORE  THAN  TWENTY  PERCENT.   CLINTON  ACTUALLY   BECAME  PRESIDENT  WITH  
 SOMETHING   LIKE   SEVENTEEN  OR EIGHTEEN  PERCENT  OF  AMERICANS    
ELIGIBLE   TO  VOTE.     IN   1960  IT  WAS   A VIRTUAL  CERTAINTY   THAT   
RICHARD  NIXON  ACTUALLY  WON  THE  ELECTION  AGAINST  KENNEDY.   THE   
POLITICAL  MACHINE   OF   MAYOR   DALEY   OF  CHICAGO,  FATHER   OF  THE 
PRESENT  MAYOR  WHO  IS  CAMPAIGN  MANAGER   FOR  AL  GORE,  STOLE THE  
ELECTION  FOR KENNEDY.   PART  OF  THE  METHODOLOGY   WAS  THE   SAME  
INFAMOUS  BUTTERFLY   BALLOT  THAT FEATURES  IN  THE FLORIDA  DEAL. 
 
  A  FEW   YEARS    PREVIOUS  TO THAT     I  WORKED  IN   A  CAMPAIGN   FOR  
ESTES  KEFAUVER, SENATOR  FROM   TENNESSEE.   WE  WON  ALL  THE  PRIMARIES.  
THERE  WEREN'T  MANY   STATES  THAT   HAD   PRIMARIES   THEN.  HARRY  TRUMAN  
WAS  PRESIDENT   AND CHOSE  NOT TO RUN.  HE  COULD   HAVE  HAD  ANOTHER   
TERM.  HE  DECIDED   HE  DID  NOT  LIKE   KEFAUVER,  SO  HE  SELECTED  THE  
GOVERNOR  OF  ILLINOIS,   NOT   AT  ALL  KNOWN  NATIONALLY,  ADLAI  
STEVENSON,   FOR  THE NOMINATION  OF  THE DEMOCRATIC  PARTY.  HE      DID   
NOT  WIN.   WAR  HERO   EISENHOWER  BECAME  PRESIDENT. 
 
  WHERE   DOES  THIS   ELECTORAL  COLLEGE  SYSTEM COME  FROM?   IT  COMES  
FROM  AN  ELITIST  DOCUMENT  CALLED  THE  CONSTITUTION   OF  THE  UNITED   
STATES.  THIS  WAS  A DOCUMENT   BROUGHT TO  LIFE  BY  THE  CONSTITUENT   
ASSEMBLY   THAT   GAVE  BIRTH  TO THE  UNITED  STATES   OF  AMERICA.  THAT 
HAD TO BE AMENDED   SHORTLY   AFTER   THE  FOUNDING  OF  THE   REPUBLIC,   BY 
  A  PROVISION   KNOWN  AS THE BILL      OF RIGHTS.  BECAUSE  THE RIGHTS  OF  
 THE  STATES  VERSUS  THE  FEDERAL  WAS THE   PASSIONATE   ISSUE  IN THE 
CONSTITUENT  ASSEMBLY.    THAT    DOCUMENT EVEN  PROVIDED  FOR  THE   STATES  
TO   APPOINT   THE    SENATORS  TO  REPRESENT  THEM  IN  THE  UNITED  STATES 
SENATE. VERY  LIKE  A  HOUSE  OF  LORDS.  ALL  OF  THIS  WAS DESIGNED  TO  
KEEP  CONTROL  IN  THE  HANDS  OF  THE ELITE.  HUMAN  RIGHTS, CITIZENS RIGHTS 
  WERE   AFTERTHOUGHTS  OF  THE  FOUNDING  OF THIS GREAT DEMOCRACY...  
VIRTUALLY   ALL  SUBSEQUENT   AMENDMENTS   DEALT   WITH  THE  HUMAN  ISSUES  
WHICH  WERE   LEFT  OUT  OF  THE CONSTITUTION. 
 
  IN  PRACTICE   UNTIL   THE  CANDIDATURE    OF  GEORGE  MCGOVERN   DELEGATES 
 TO THE  NATIONAL  CONVENTIONS   OF  THE  PARTIES  THAT  NOMINATED   
CANDIDATES  WERE   SELECTED  IN THE  INFAMOUS "  SMOKE FILLED  ROOMS"  BY " 
PARTY    MACHINES."         THE   PRIMARY   SYSTEM,  MEANT  TO DEMOCRATISE   
THE   PRACTICE   OF  SELECTING  DELEGATES  TO  THE NOMINATING CONVENTIONS   
WAS  QUICKLY   VITIATED   BY   BIG  MONEY  COMING FROM  BIG  CORPORATIONS,  
TO  RUN  PRIMARY  CAMPAIGNS, SO THEY  HAD  IT BOUGHT  EVEN  AT  THAT STAGE.   
WHEN   I  WAS  ENGAGED  IN  PRIMARIES  WE    GOT  PAID  ONLY   AS  WE   
RAISED  MONEY,  FROM  PEOPLE WE  TALKED  TO  ALONG  THE  WAY.  AND       OWED 
 FOR   PUBLICITY   HANDOUTS  UNTIL   WE  COULD  PAY  IT,  OR  HAD  PARTISANS  
DONATE  THE  FLIERS,  AND  THINGS.   GEORGE  BUSH  SPEANT  MORE    MONEY      
IN   HIS PRIMARIES  THAN   WAS  PREVIOUSLY     SPENT  ON  WHOLE  ELECTIONS. 
 
 
  IN  SHORT ,   THE  WHOLE  STRUCTURE  OF  THE  AMERICAN   ELECTORAL SYSTEM  
LENDS   ITSELF  TO  FRAUD   AND   CORRUPTION,  AND     UNDERMINING   THE  
DEMOCRATIC  CONCEPT,  BY  THE  SIMPLE  PROCESS  OF BUYING  IT.  AS  A  
POLITICAL   SCIENTIST   AND  AN ACTIVE  PARTICIPANT  FOR  MANY  YEARS  IN   
AMERICAN   POLITICS AT THE  HIGHEST  LEVELS  BOTH  IN  THE ELECTORAL   AND   
ADMINISTRATIVE  SIDES,  I   HAVE  SEEN  ABOUT  EVERY   VARIATION   POSSIBLE  
OF  DEVICES  FOR  FRUSTRATING  THE  WILL  OF  THE ELECTORATE.   IT   IS  NOT  
A  PRETTY  PICTURE. AND    IT  CERTAINLY   IS  THE  REASON  WHY  ONLY  HALF  
OF THE  ELECTORATE  EVER  BOTHERS  TO VOTE,   AND THAT MUCH ONLY  IN   
NATIONAL  ELECTIONS,  EVERY  4  YEARS.  IN  OTHER  ELECTIONS,  EVEN  WHEN  IT 
 INVOLVES  A  CONGRESSMAN  OR  SENATOR, ONLY   SOME  TWENTY  ODD  PERCENT   
VOTE.  75%  OF  AMERICANS  BETWEEN   20   AND   40,  WITH  ALL  THE BILLIONS  
OF DOLLARS  OF  HOOPLA  DIDN'T  EVEN   KNOW  THE   NAMES  OF THE CANDIDATES.  
   FEW  AMERICAS   KNOW  WHO  THEIR SENATOR  OR   REPRESENTATIVE  IN  THE 
CONGRESS  IS.   OR  COULD  CARE  LESS. 
 
  THE  CONSTITUENT   ASSEMBLY   HAD  TWO  MAIN  FACTIONS,   LEAD  BY  THOMAS  
JEFFERSON  AND ALEXANDER  HAMILTON ,  RESPECTIVELY.   HAMILTON  WANTED  A     
SYSTEM  THAT  PROVIDED ONLY  FOR  MONEY  BEING  ENFRANCHISED,  AND FOR  MONEY 
 VOTING , INSTEAD  OF  PEOPLE.   JEFFERSON  WON THE   DEBATES,  AND  THEY  
WERE  REALLY   DEBATES,   NOT  THE  SHOWS  PUT  ON  BY   THE CURRENT  CROP   
OF  CANDIDATES.; AND GAVE  US  "JEFFERSONIAN  DEMOCRACY".  OR  DID  HE?   
BECAUSE  TODAY  THERE   IS   LITTLE  DOUBT   THAT  MONEY   VOTES. OLD  ALEX  
MUST  BE  BEAMING  DOWN  FROM  UP  ABOVE,  IF HE  IS  UP  THERE  WITH   A 
CHESHIRE  SMIRK. 
 
  HOW  MANY   DIMPLED  CHADS  PLUS   HOW  MANY  PREGNANT  CHADS  DOES  IT   
TAKE   TO  GIVE  BIRTH   TO    A   PRESIDENT   OF  THE  UNTIED  STATES?      
ARE  DIMPLED  CHADS  MORE  DETERMINANT  THAN   PREGNANT  CHADS?    OR  CAN  
WE  INDEED  IGNORE   HANGING  CHADS. OR,  IN  OTHER  WORDS   CAN   WE  HAVE  
A   SYSTEM  THAT  EXPOSES THE  BENEVOLENT  UNCLE  SAMMY  TO  MORE RIDICULE  
IN  THE  EYES  OF  THE  WORLD? WELL,  WE  COULD  TRY. 
 
  WE  COULD  FOR   EXAMPLE   END  UP  WITH  A  PRESIDENT  WHO   JUST  SAID "I 
 WON  THE  FIRST  THREE  FLORIDA  ELECTIONS, OR, I  MEAN  I  WON  THE  
FLORIDA  ELECTION   THREE  TIMES".   HE ALSO  SAID,  AND WHO   CAN  DENY, "IF 
 WE  DON'T  SUCCEED  WE  ARE IN  DANGER OF FAILING."  OR SOLEMNLY DECLARES "I 
STAND BY  ALL  THE MISTAKES I  HAVE MADE". OR  ON  LESS BETTER DAYS  SAYS 
"REPUBLICANS UNDERSTAND THE  IMPORTANCE OF BONDAGE BETWEEN A MOTHER AND 
CHILD"  WHEREAS ON  HIS NOT QUITE GOOD DAYS DECLARES"THE   HOLOCAUST WAS AN 
OBSCENE PERIOD IN OUR NATIONS HISTORY . I MEAN IN THIS CENTURY. BUT WE ALL 
LIVED IN THIS CENTURY. I DIDN'T LIVE IN  THIS CENTURY" 
 
  AT  THIS WRITING  THE  LAWYERS  REPRESENTING  GEORGE BUSH  ARE ENGAGED  IN 
THE WINNING  STRATEGY OF "RUNNING  OUT THE CLOCK"  SO  THAT THERE  CANNOT  BE 
 A  PROPER  HAND COUNT . BEFORE THE CRUCIAL  DATE FOR THE  MEETING  OF  THE  
ELECTORAL  COLLEGE..  OR BARRING  THAT  ,  THE FLORIDA  LEGISLATURE  MEETS  
AND PICKS A NEW SLATE  OF  FLORIDA  REPUBLICAN  ELECTORS,  AND THUS 
TECHNICALLY  WINS THE ELECTION .    AND  THEN  SOME MONTHS HENCE  THE  VOTES  
OF  FLORIDA  GET  PROPERLY  COUNTED.,  AS   WILL  BE  DEMANDED  UNDER  THE  
TERMS  OF  THE FREEDOM  OF  INFORMATION    ACT,    AND IT  BECOMES CLEAR  
THAT  AL  GORE  HAD  A VERY  COMFORTABLE     MAJORITY  IN  FLORIDA  AND 
SHOULD  HAVE HAD THOSE  ELECTORAL  VOTES,  ADDED TO  HIS  POPULAR  VOTE  EVEN 
 FURTHER,  MAKING   HIM   SUCH  A CLEAR  ACTUAL WINNER.   HOW WOULD  A BUSH  
GOVERNMENT  LOOK  TO  THE   AMERICAN  PUBLIC,   AND  INDEED  THE    REST     
OF  THE  WORLD. 
 

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