Dear Azam
Many excellent books could help you to understand how a band structure works. 
I recommend you to look at the following web sites: 

http://www.chem.uci.edu/~lawm/Hoffmann.pdf

http://www.chemeddl.org/alfresco/service/api/node/content/workspace/SpacesStore/addbf469-059f-44ff-beb5-3417c58ee56d/QBAND11.pdf?guest=true

Just a brief answer, but you must read about band structure before doing WIEN2k 
calculations to my point of view. Indeed this periodic code is based on k 
points. So ... the Gamma point is the center of the Brillouin zone which is in 
the reciprocal space, i.e. the space defined by the wave-vectors (k points). It 
allows to define Bloch functions which are a product of a molecular orbital 
(defined in the unit cell) and a periodic function (dependent on the k point). 

The Gamma point is defined by three numbers (0 0 0), meaning kx = 0, ky = 0 and 
kz = 0. Indeed, the reciprocal space has three dimension as the real space. In 
the case of a cubic symmetry (or orthorhombic) a* = 2.pi / a, b* = 2.pi /b and 
c* = 2.pi /c. I will not do all the teaching of the band structure theory but 
you can find all these details in books and websites. 

Good luck 
Xavier

sikander Azam <sikander.physi...@gmail.com> a écrit :

> Dear all
> When we plot the band structure so what the brillion zone symmetry shows
> i.e. lets suppose Gamma point (0 0 0) what this zero shows, these are u v w
> or h k l or x y z.
> regards
> sikander
>
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