Dear R. Chouhan

`Just to complete the very nice answer of Peter. I have used the force`

`theorem as explained by Peter using GGA+U to estimate MCA and in the`

`cases I have considered it works amazingly nicely.`

`As Peter said, I was using P1 symmetry and checking carefully the`

`convergency before including the spin-orbit effect along specific`

`directions.`

`Here is an example of what we obtained for CuO (Fig. 3). Similar results`

`are obtained using on-site hybrid of GGA+U.`

http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms3511 Best Regards Xavier Le 05/11/2016 à 17:43, Peter Blaha a écrit :

There are a lot of problems in your calculations:Usually the energy difference between 2 such calculations is extremelysmall and one must be very careful to get meaningful numbers.When you do initso for a spinpolarized system, the symmetry can bereduced. In such cases you MUST take the newly generated struct file.> Do you want to use the new structure for SO calculations ? (y/N) N This is the wrong answer !In fact, one should even do the calculations for the differentmagnetization directions with the same symmetry (eventually in P1).Thus checkout what symmetries you get for the different directions andchoose the one which is compatible with all cases.Check your case.inorb/dmc files in case that the number of atoms hasbeen changed.Important:Increase Emax in case.in1 to a VERY large number (10 Ry), and testyour results with respect to this EMAX.Increase the k-mesh (for the final low-symmetry struct file) to a verygood one AND TEST the convergence. of your results.With such a struct file you run again (in the same directory) thenon-so calculation to selfconsistency with a good k-mesh and goodconvergence:runsp -orb -ec 0.000001 -cc 0.000001Since the E differences are very small, set the DEs in case.in1 to asmaller value like:0 -4.09 .0001 STOP 1 ^^^^^^^ DE Once the non-so calculation is converged: save_lapw non_so Now the force theorem: select 001 direction in case.inso x lapw1 -up/dn x lapwso -up -orb x lapw2 -so -up/dn cp case.scf2up/dn 001_kmesh_emax.scf2up/dn select other direction(s) and repeat the above steps. Compare the band energies listed in the scf2xx files. for the energy: select 001 direction runsp -so -orb -ec 0.000001 -cc 0.000001 save 001_kmesh_emax restore non_so do everything again for another direction. Make sure to check EMX and kmesh convergence. PS: I've never done MCA calculations using GGA+U !! Am 05.11.2016 um 06:26 schrieb Rajiv Chouhan:Dear Dr. P. Blaha, I am trying to calculate the magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) for the magnetic system Nd-metal. For this I tried couple of methods (energy theorem and force theorem) to calculate MAE. Energy theorem: step-1: Performed GGA+U ; Step-2: executed initso_lapw for different directions 001, 100 etc ; Step-3: Didn't put RLO (relativistic local orbital in the .inso file) Step-4: Performed runsp_lapw -so -orb -dm -ec 0.000001 ; Step-5 Took the difference of energies E[001] - E[100] The above method give correct result in very few cases. Am I doing wrong somewhere? Force Theorem: Will you please explain the steps correctly because I am confused whiledoing the steps. I followed the below steps and this is not workingfor me.Step-1: Performed GGA+U (runsp_lapw -dm -orb -ec 0.000001); Step-2: initso_lapw (by taking below actions) ---->Add RLO for NONE, ALL, CHOOSE elements? (N/a/c) : N Do you have a spinpolarized case (and want to run symmetso) ? (y/N) Y Do you want to use the new structure for SO calculations ? (y/N) N Step-3: x lapwso -up Step-4: x lapw2 -up Step-5: x lapw2 -dn Step-6: MAE = 001(sum of eigenvalues up & down) - 100(sum of eigenvalues up & down) This force method is also not working properly. Will you please correct me where I am doing wrong. I also followed the following links for my above steps:https://www.mail-archive.com/wien@zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at/msg09408.htmlhttp://zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at/pipermail/wien/2010-September/013730.htmlThank you, R. Chouhan _______________________________________________ Wien mailing list Wien@zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at http://zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at/mailman/listinfo/wienSEARCH the MAILING-LIST at:http://www.mail-archive.com/wien@zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at/index.html

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