Funny discussion, I wonder wether iron (Z=26) knows that it is Nickel just if one gives it a new name ?
Ciao Gerhard DEEP THOUGHT in D. Adams; Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy: "I think the problem, to be quite honest with you, is that you have never actually known what the question is." ==================================== Dr. Gerhard H. Fecher Institut of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry Johannes Gutenberg - University 55099 Mainz and Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids 01187 Dresden ________________________________________ Von: Wien [wien-boun...@zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at] im Auftrag von Víctor Luaña Cabal [vic...@fluor.quimica.uniovi.es] Gesendet: Mittwoch, 23. August 2017 00:33 An: A Mailing list for WIEN2k users Cc: Victor Luaña Betreff: Re: [Wien] How to simulate the ionic state of a compound? On Tue, Aug 22, 2017 at 11:41:53PM +0200, pieper wrote: > my response to Abderrahmane Reggad appears perhaps a little harsh. It > was not meant that way. I wanted to emphasize that in my view the idea > of telling Wien2k (or any other DFT program) its result (where the > electrons are) and to simulate properties from there is completely > backwards. Martin, It was not harsh at all in my perception, but I canot say what Abderrahmane thought about your words. I perceived as a normal exchange of ideas in a subject that I love. I agree that using a questionable populaton technique to obtain a number of electrons associated to an ion from a expensive DFT calculation is not neccesarily a good idea. Providing a number to say this is a Ni(+1.98) O(-2.02) crystal should not be the main result from a good article. However, a good physically based theory of chemical bonding in molecules, solids and clusters provides far more that that. Let me be very particular in describing QTAIM (quantum theory of atoms in molecules, aka Richard F. W. Bader et al work) as a beautiful and well founded physical teory on chemical bonding. Bader's QTAIM can be used to partition every property into contributions of a particular atom or functional group. Then you can find an explanation why many perovskite oxides, for instance, have a very similar bulk modulus, and the explanation comes from the fact that the oxide is the major contribution, and that contribution is common to the incumbent crystals. > This is, however, what I wanted to point out: DFT (or Wien2k) tells you > where the electrons are. Thats its central result. It does not make any > sense (to me) to use a DFT program to - as A. Reggad put it - "simulate > the NiO compound in its ionic state". If NiO would be a ionic compound > then DFT would (hopefully, when set up properly) calculate an electron > density with a lot of weight at O and a lot less at Ni as a RESULT. The > simulation of any property one wishes to study can proceed from there. I agree, of course. That should be the spirit of an ab initio calculation. However, DFT sometimes separates from the ab initio family when the xc functional is chosen not because of its properties or for exploring the sensibility of the predictions to the functional but because a spurious predictive agreement to whatever 'experiment'. I believe finding explanations to peculiar facts is the real motive of computational research, at least until the point is achieved at which theoretical calculations become competitive with experimental measurements in terms of precision, exactitude and cost. > And if the electron density of NiO does not really resemble the ionic > picture, why use the ionic model to simulate things? Yes, but having a predictive measurement of the ionicity lets you examine how ionicity depends on thermodynamic conditions: is the effect of pressure more important than the effect of temperature or pH ... on a geological scale? *Chemical bonding* can be at the core of geophysics, research on materials, ... and many more fields. However, I'm a peculiar chemist and I love Physical Review since I was working on my phd thesis, long ago. Best regards from sunny north Spain, Víctor -- . . "Half of the US people use twitter to form its opinion and half / `' \ also elect the US president. I only hope they are not the same /(o)(o)\ half". --From a sentence by Gore Vidal /`. \/ .'\ / '`'` \ "[Technocrats, academics and journalists] are often motivated | \'`'`/ | by hope while the public at large tends to be more focused | |'`'`| | on fear." -- Russell Mead (The Washington Post, 2017) \/`'`'`'\/ ==(((==)))===================================+=========================== ! Dr.Víctor Luaña, in silico chemist & prof. ! ! Departamento de Química Física y Analítica ! ! Universidad de Oviedo, 33006-Oviedo, Spain ! ! e-mail: <vic...@fluor.quimica.uniovi.es> ! ! phone: +34-985-103491 fax: +34-985-103125 ! +--------------------------------------------+ GroupPage: <http://azufre.quimica.uniovi.es/> Articles: <http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Ibl1BWAAAAAJ&hl=es> git-hub: <https://github.com/aoterodelaroza> ORCID: 0000-0003-4585-4627; RID: H-2045-2015 _______________________________________________ Wien mailing list Wien@zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at http://zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at/mailman/listinfo/wien SEARCH the MAILING-LIST at: http://firstname.lastname@example.org/index.html _______________________________________________ Wien mailing list Wien@zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at http://zeus.theochem.tuwien.ac.at/mailman/listinfo/wien SEARCH the MAILING-LIST at: http://email@example.com/index.html