I recommend you the following article:

https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.047201

Bulk gold is diamagnetic and it exhibits a tiny Pauli and Orbital paramagnetic state.

Pauli paramagnetism is due to the non-zero density at the Fermi level (metal) and the orbital paramagnetism to the presence of unpaired electrons.

Best regards

Xavier

Le 16/11/2019 à 20:59, Abderrahmane Reggad a écrit :
Since the ground state of the Au metal is non magnetic, does it mean that the Au metal is diamagnetic or paramagnetic and why ?


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Dr. Abderrahmane Reggad
Engineering Physics Laboratory
Faculty of Material Sciences, Ibn Khaldoun University, Tiaret, 14000, Algeria
Tel: +213(0)561861963 - Algeria

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