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Open Education Week: Interview with Subhashish Panigrahi Posted by Claire
Litton on March 14, 2014
by Noopur Raval
[image: Photo credit: Biswarup Ganguly (under CC-A 3.0

Photo credit: Biswarup Ganguly (under CC-A 3.0 license)

*Subhashish Panigrahi works as a Programme Officer for Community and
Program Support, Access To Knowledge
<http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/India_Access_To_Knowledge> (A2K) for Centre
for Internet and Society
Supported by a grant from the Wikimedia Foundation, the Access to Knowledge
program promotes participation in Indian language Wikipedia projects. As a
part of his role, Subhashish interacts with school and university students
from different parts of India regularly. In this interview, he reflects on
how students are aware (or not) of attribution.*
*What is the general trend around sharing information resources and
attribution among students and teachers?*
It is funny to know most students I have spoken to rely on photocopied
notes provided by their teachers and try to keep the writing style and
sentence structure same as the notes. They don't know that copying answers
or quotes amounts to plagiarism. It is the same for many teachers
who teach them to keep the beauty of the author's writing without modifying
it. Also, when I visit universities and interact with professors and
students, most consider Google and Wikipedia their best friends, primarily
for the quick access to information and imagery. I get a lot of questions
about the proper procedure of inserting images that appear in Google search
in Wikipedia entries.
Many student projects are focused on getting the best pictures available on
the internet which means they may download copyrighted images (with
watermarks) and modify them. With music and video, it is even worse.
*Does the current situation become problematic when you encourage students
to contribute to Wikipedia? *
It often does. For instance, when we initiated the India Education
 (IEP), as a part of Wikipedia Education
to include editing Wikipedia articles as part
of academic curricula. Started in 2011 as a pilot program in the city of
Pune, IEP engaged with over 1000 students on English Wikipedia. But the
lack of education about copyright violation, and a habit of copying notes
from books and other sources affected the program outcome. Many articles
were copied from books and internet portals without even paraphrasing,
which is completely against Wikipedia policies.
*What could be the possible reasons for the lack of basic awareness about
how to share information among these students?*
Self-taught knowledge about the Internet and the idea of the Internet as a
place with few restrictions could be a few of the reasons for these
problems. Frequently, social media platforms do not have barriers to
downloading and sharing content produced by people in your network. With
mobile devices, all incoming content is downloaded and stored on your
phone. Often, people crop incoming images or modify them and share them
in small networks. Although they do it in good faith, information keeps
getting reused very rapidly without any credits or metadata.
For a new media educator like me, it is easy to explain why and how to
contribute to Open Knowledge projects like Wikipedia...but attribution, and
why appropriate attribution is crucial to information sharing, are very
difficult things to teach. Most students feel like it is not really
important to attribute correctly as long as you are not using it for profit
or with bad intentions.
*How do you deal with it individually and as a part of the A2K team? *
It is crucial for educators, academics and everyone else to include
education about Copyright and Copyleft in their syllabus so that students
and faculty alike can know how not to violate copyright. At the same time,
I think schools and universities are a great place to educate students
about Open Access journals and the entire culture of knowledge
producing/sharing beyond commercial gains.
I often cite the example of one of
got featured in many international magazines and newspapers including The
Conservation magazine<http://conservationmagazine.org/2013/12/3d-printer-test/>
 and The Huffington
, which would not have happened if I hadn't let the copyright go. I tell
students that the biggest perk of contributing works in Creative Commons
licenses is having a wide audience, especially young people.
People release published information in free licensing when they hear about
the opportunity to get enormously popular.
 and Al-Jazeera <http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/12049> have set
great examples of mass donating imagery and video footage under CC. In one
of our recent collaborations at the A2K program, the Goa University, on our
request, changed terms of their licenses
 a <https://blog.wikimedia.org/2013/11/26/konkani-vishkawosh-free-license/>
language Encyclopedia to Creative Commons
has brought many volunteers to digitize and enrich the Konkani Wikipedia.

2014-03-12 13:51 GMT-03:00 Oona Castro <oonacas...@gmail.com>:

> ;-)
> 2014-03-12 13:29 GMT-03:00 Everton Zanella Alvarenga <
> everton.alvare...@okfn.org>:
> Long life to chaos!
>> Em 12 de março de 2014 12:06, Oona Castro <oonacas...@gmail.com>escreveu:
>> Isso. A Jamila já pediu pra Carol corrigir. Mas informação é assim. Um
>>> dispara e já era. Aguardando versão final correta pra divulgar.
>>> Oona
>>> Em 12/03/2014 11:48, "Luiz Augusto" <lugu...@gmail.com> escreveu:
>>>>  FYI.
>>>> Atentar que no email Tom chama eu e Oona de uma coisa, nos links outra
>>>> e que a Jamila, quem está coordenando o mapeamento, listada como "apenas"
>>>> da USP. Fruto da confusão de vínculos e nomes, mas vocês entendem :P
>>>> ---------- Mensagem encaminhada ----------
>>>> De: "Everton Zanella Alvarenga" <t...@okfn.org.br>
>>>> Data: 12/03/2014 08:43
>>>> Assunto: [REA] Samba sábado na semana de educação aberta
>>>> Para: "Brazil interest group for Open Knowledge and especially Open
>>>> Data" <okfn...@lists.okfn.org>, "Mailing list do Capítulo brasileiro
>>>> da Wikimedia." <wikimediabr-l@lists.wikimedia.org>, "Recursos
>>>> Educacionais Abertos" <rea-li...@googlegroups.com>
>>>> Pessoal,
>>>> após uns paranauês da Carol, teremos um hangout sobre educação aberta
>>>> no Brasil nesse sábado, vejam:
>>>> http://rea.net.br/site/rea-br-na-semana-de-educacao-aberta-open-education-week/
>>>> Participarão a Oona Castro e Luiz Augusto (Wikimedia Brasil), Jamila
>>>> Venturine (USP), Romero Tori (USP e eMundo),  Rafael Pezzi (UFRG e OKF
>>>> Brasil) e Marcelo Akira (UFG e membro comunidade REA.br)
>>>> No site gringo:
>>>> http://www.openeducationweek.org/ai1ec_event/now-and-tomorrow-planning-the-next-5-years-a-meet-up-of-the-brazilian-oer-community
>>>> Só nome bão para discutir um assunto muito importante!
>>>> Tom
>>>> --
>>>> Everton Zanella Alvarenga (also Tom)
>>>> OKF Brasil - Rede pelo Conhecimento Livre
>>>> http://br.okfn.org
>>>> --
>>>> Você recebeu este email pois está inscrito na lista "Recursos
>>>> Educacionais Abertos - Brasil".
>>>> Para enviar um email para essa lista, envie um email para
>>>> rea-li...@googlegroups.com
>>>> Para sair dessa lista, envie um email para
>>>> rea-lista+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com
>>>> http://groups.google.com/group/rea-lista
>>>> ---
>>>> Você recebeu essa mensagem porque está inscrito no grupo quot;Recursos
>>>> Educacionais Abertos" dos Grupos do Google.
>>>> Para cancelar inscrição nesse grupo e parar de receber e-mails dele,
>>>> envie um e-mail para rea-lista+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com.
>>>> Para mais opções, acesse https://groups.google.com/d/optout.
>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>> WikimediaBR-l mailing list
>>>> WikimediaBR-l@lists.wikimedia.org
>>>> https://lists.wikimedia.org/mailman/listinfo/wikimediabr-l
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> WikimediaBR-l mailing list
>>> WikimediaBR-l@lists.wikimedia.org
>>> https://lists.wikimedia.org/mailman/listinfo/wikimediabr-l
>> --
>> Everton Zanella Alvarenga (also Tom)
>> OKF Brasil - Rede pelo Conhecimento Livre
>> http://br.okfn.org
>> _______________________________________________
>> WikimediaBR-l mailing list
>> WikimediaBR-l@lists.wikimedia.org
>> https://lists.wikimedia.org/mailman/listinfo/wikimediabr-l
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