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Il giorno 15/mag/2014, alle ore 19.08, Massimiliano CARNEMOLLA ha scritto:

> -------- Original Message --------
> Subject:      FSF condemns partnership between Mozilla and Adobe to support 
> Digital Restrictions Management
> Date: Thu, 15 May 2014 02:22:33 -0400
> From: Free Software Foundation <>
> Reply-To:     Free Software Foundation <>
> To:   Massimiliano CARNEMOLLA <>
> You can read this post online at
> FSF condemns partnership between Mozilla and Adobe to support Digital 
> Restrictions Management
> BOSTON, Massachusetts, USA — Wednesday, May 14th, 2014 — In response to 
> Mozilla's announcement that it is reluctantly adopting DRM in its Firefox Web 
> browser, Free Software Foundation executive director John Sullivan made the 
> following statement:
> "Only a week after the International Day Against DRM, Mozilla has announced 
> that it will partner with proprietary software company Adobe to implement 
> support for Web-based Digital Restrictions Management (DRM) in its Firefox 
> browser, using Encrypted Media Extensions (EME).
> The Free Software Foundation is deeply disappointed in                 
> Mozilla's announcement. The decision compromises important principles in 
> order to alleviate misguided fears about loss of browser marketshare. It 
> allies Mozilla with a company hostile to the free software movement and to 
> Mozilla's own fundamental ideals.
> Although Mozilla will not directly ship Adobe's proprietary DRM plugin, it 
> will, as an official feature, encourage Firefox users to install the plugin 
> from Adobe when presented with media that requests DRM. We agree with Cory 
> Doctorow that there is no meaningful distinction between 'installing DRM' and 
> 'installing code that installs DRM.'
> We recognize that Mozilla is doing this reluctantly, and we trust these words 
> coming from Mozilla much more than we do when they come from Microsoft or 
> Amazon. At the same time, nearly everyone who implements DRM says they are 
> forced to do it, and this lack of accountability is how the practice sustains 
> itself. Mozilla's announcement today unfortunately puts it -- in this regard 
> -- in the same category as its proprietary competitors.
> Unlike those proprietary competitors, Mozilla is going to great lengths to 
> reduce some of the specific harms of DRM by attempting to 'sandbox' the 
> plugin. But this approach cannot solve the fundamental ethical problems with 
> proprietary software, or the issues that inevitably arise when proprietary 
> software is installed on a user's computer.
> In the announcement, Mitchell Baker asserts that Mozilla's hands were tied. 
> But she then goes on to actively praise Adobe's "value" and suggests that 
> there is some kind of necessary balance between DRM and user freedom.
> There is nothing necessary about DRM, and to hear Mozilla praising Adobe -- 
> the company who has been and continues to be a vicious opponent of the free 
> software movement and the free Web -- is shocking. With this partnership in 
> place, we worry about Mozilla's ability and willingness to criticize Adobe's 
> practices going forward.
> We understand that Mozilla is afraid of losing users. Cory Doctorow points 
> out that they have produced no evidence to substantiate this fear or made any 
> effort to study the situation. More importantly, popularity is not an end in 
> itself. This is especially true for the Mozilla Foundation, a nonprofit with 
> an ethical mission. In the past, Mozilla has distinguished itself and 
> achieved success by protecting the freedom of its users and explaining the 
> importance of that freedom: including publishing Firefox's source code, 
> allowing others to make modifications to it, and sticking to Web standards in 
> the face of attempts to impose proprietary extensions.
> Today's decision turns that calculus on its head, devoting Mozilla resources 
> to delivering users to Adobe and hostile media distributors. In the process, 
> Firefox is losing the identity which set it apart from its proprietary 
> competitors -- Internet Explorer and Chrome -- both of which are implementing 
> EME in an even worse fashion.
> Undoubtedly, some number of users just want restricted                 media 
> like Netflix to work in Firefox, and they will be upset if it doesn't. This 
> is unsurprising, since the majority of the world is not yet familiar with the 
> ethical issues surrounding proprietary software. This debate was, and is, a 
> high-profile opportunity to introduce these concepts to users and ask them to 
> stand together in some tough decisions.
> To see Mozilla compromise without making any public effort to rally users 
> against this supposed "forced choice" is doubly disappointing. They should 
> reverse this decision. But whether they do or do not, we call on them to join 
> us by devoting as many of their extensive resources to permanently 
> eliminating DRM as they are now devoting to supporting it. The FSF will have 
> more to say and do on this in the coming days. For now, users who are 
> concerned about this issue should:
> Write to Mozilla CTO Andreas Gal and let him know that you oppose DRM. 
> Mozilla made this decision in a misguided appeal to its userbase; it needs to 
> hear in clear and reasoned terms from the users who feel this as a betrayal. 
> Ask Mozilla what it is going to do to actually solve the DRM problem that has 
> created this false forced choice.
> Join our effort to stop EME approval at the W3C. While today's announcement 
> makes it even more obvious that W3C rejection of EME will not stop its 
> implementation, it also makes it clear that W3C can fearlessly reject EME to 
> send a message that DRM is not a part of the vision of a free Web.
> Use a version of Firefox without the EME code: Since its source code is 
> available under a license allowing anyone to modify and redistribute it under 
> a different name, we expect versions without EME to be made available, and 
> you should use those instead. We will list them in the Free Software 
> Directory.
> Donate to support the work of the Free Software                         
> Foundation and our Defective by Design campaign to actually end DRM. Until 
> it's completely gone, Mozilla and others will be constantly tempted to 
> capitulate, and users will be pressured to continue using some proprietary 
> software. If not us, give to another group fighting against digital 
> restrictions."
> References
> What is DRM?
> Media Contact
> John Sullivan 
> Executive Director 
> Free Software Foundation 
> +1 (617) 542 5942 
> About the Free Software Foundation
> The Free Software Foundation, founded in 1985, is dedicated to promoting 
> computer users' right to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer 
> programs. The FSF promotes the development and use of free (as in freedom) 
> software -- particularly the GNU operating system and its GNU/Linux variants 
> -- and free                 documentation for free software. The FSF also 
> helps to spread awareness of the ethical and political issues of freedom in 
> the use of software, and its Web sites, located at and, are 
> an important source of information about GNU/Linux. Donations to support the 
> FSF's work can be made at Its headquarters are in 
> Boston, MA, USA.
> --
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