On 10/08/2017 19:14, Richard Lamont wrote:
On 10/08/17 13:21, Bill Somerville wrote:
On 10/08/2017 00:22, Richard Lamont wrote:
In a perfect station, exactly how soon after the beginning of the
15-second (or whatever) window should the Tx start to radiate RF? Is a
nominal amount of delay baked into the protocol(s) to allow for T/R
switching, the default 0.2s before audio etc?
it depends on the mode. Fast modes start as soon as PTT is asserted and
"Tx Delay" has expired. Slow modes apart from FT8 start audio at the
later of 1s or PTT asserted plus "Tx Delay". FT8 audio starts after the
later of 0.5s or PTT asserted plus "Tx Delay".
With the slow modes the start time does not impact the timing of the
symbols transmitted, so a late start does not increase the DT seen at a
receiving station, it truncates the front symbols of the message (sort
of analogous to stopping early).
Hi Bill and thanks for the reply.
From the above, if I've understood correctly, for FT8:
If T=start of any 15-sec UTC period,
Then FT8 audio 'starts' at T+0.5 (but audio output to TX may be muted,
not delayed, until PTT assertion + Tx Delay);
Tx duration = 79/6.25 = 12.64s;
So FT8 audio always ends at T+0.5+Tx duration = T+13.14s;
The first 7 channel symbols are sync symbols (repeated in the middle and
at the end) and the payload begins with the 8th symbol, so we can afford
to have up to 1.12 seconds muted at the beginning without compromising
If I've got this right, then to get all 3x7 sync symbols we need audio
at T+0.5, and to get all 58 payload symbols we need audio by T+1.62.
So the answer to my original question is 0.5s for FT8, and 1.0s for the
other slow modes.
that's all correct except I would not call a late start past the 8th
channel symbol a compromised payload. The LDPC FEC will be able to
trivially recover many lost information bits on a strong signal, it is
only when the erased bits reach the hard error limit of the code that
the message is potentially compromised and soft decision techniques
using symbol signal strengths fed into a stochastic process are needed
to dig deeper. In fact the loss of one of the three sync arrays may be
the real compromise since we must find the candidate signal before *any*
decoding can be attempted. Having the sync energy distributed to start,
middle and end is to help locate both fading and truncated candidate
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