On AArch64 SoCs, some IPs may only have the capability to access
32 bits address space. The physical memory assigned for Dom0 maybe
not in 4GB address space, then the IPs will not work properly.
So need to allocate memory under 4GB for Dom0.
There is no restriction that how much lowmem needs to be allocated for
Dom0. Dom0 now use 1:1 mapping, but DomU does not use 1:1 mapping,
there is no need to reserve lowmem for DomU, so allocate lowmem as much
as possible for Dom0.
This patch does not affect 32-bit domain, because Variable "lowmem" is
set to true at the beginning. If failed to allocate bank0 under 4GB,
need to panic for 32-bit domain, because 32-bit domain requires bank0
be allocated under 4GB.
For 64-bit domain, set "lowmem" to false, and continue allocating
memory from higher memory space.
Signed-off-by: Peng Fan <peng....@nxp.com>
Cc: Stefano Stabellini <sstabell...@kernel.org>
Cc: Julien Grall <julien.gr...@arm.com>
This patch is to resolve the issue mentioned in
Add more commit log
Add more comments
Add back panic if failed to allocate bank0 under 4GB for 32-bit domain.
Remove the bootargs dom0_lowmem introduced in V1.
to allocate as much as possible lowmem.
(XEN) Allocating 1:1 mappings totalling 2048MB for dom0:
(XEN) BANK 0x00000088000000-0x000000f8000000 (1792MB)
(XEN) BANK 0x000009e0000000-0x000009f0000000 (256MB)
1792M allocated in 4GB address space.
xen/arch/arm/domain_build.c | 44 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
1 file changed, 31 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
diff --git a/xen/arch/arm/domain_build.c b/xen/arch/arm/domain_build.c
index 35ab08d..a9c37c4 100644
@@ -195,9 +195,10 @@ fail:
* bank. Partly this is just easier for us to deal with, but also
* the ramdisk and DTB must be placed within a certain proximity of
* the kernel within RAM.
- * 3. For 32-bit dom0 we want to place as much of the RAM as we
- * reasonably can below 4GB, so that it can be used by non-LPAE
- * enabled kernels.
+ * 3. For dom0 we want to place as much of the RAM as we reasonably can
+ * below 4GB, so that the devices have the limitation to access 64 bits
+ * address space and work properly and it can be used by non-LPAE enabled
+ * kernels.
* 4. For 32-bit dom0 the kernel must be located below 4GB.
* 5. We want to have a few largers banks rather than many smaller ones.
@@ -230,7 +231,8 @@ fail:
* we give up.
* For 32-bit domain we require that the initial allocation for the
- * first bank is under 4G. Then for the subsequent allocations we
+ * first bank is under 4G. For 64-bit domain, the first bank is preferred
+ * to be allocated under 4G. Then for the subsequent allocations we
* initially allocate memory only from below 4GB. Once that runs out
* (as described above) we allow higher allocations and continue until
* that runs out (or we have allocated sufficient dom0 memory).
@@ -240,11 +242,11 @@ static void allocate_memory(struct domain *d, struct
const unsigned int min_low_order =
get_order_from_bytes(min_t(paddr_t, dom0_mem, MB(128)));
const unsigned int min_order = get_order_from_bytes(MB(4));
- struct page_info *pg;
+ struct page_info *pg = NULL;
unsigned int order = get_11_allocation_size(kinfo->unassigned_mem);
- bool_t lowmem = is_32bit_domain(d);
+ bool_t lowmem = true;
unsigned int bits;
@@ -265,24 +267,40 @@ static void allocate_memory(struct domain *d, struct
while ( order >= min_low_order )
- for ( bits = order ; bits <= (lowmem ? 32 : PADDR_BITS); bits++ )
+ for ( bits = order ; bits <= 32 ; bits++ )
pg = alloc_domheap_pages(d, order, MEMF_bits(bits));
if ( pg != NULL )
+ if ( !insert_11_bank(d, kinfo, pg, order) )
+ BUG(); /* Cannot fail for first bank */
- panic("Unable to allocate first memory bank");
+ /* Failed to allocate bank0 under 4GB */
+ if ( pg == NULL )
+ if ( is_32bit_domain(d) )
+ panic("Unable to allocate first memory bank.");
- if ( !insert_11_bank(d, kinfo, pg, order) )
- BUG(); /* Cannot fail for first bank */
+ /* Try allocating higher memory */
+ printk(XENLOG_INFO "No bank has been allocated below 4GB.\n");
+ lowmem = false;
- /* Now allocate more memory and fill in additional banks */
+ * If failed to allocate bank0 under 4GB, continue allocating
+ * memory from higher memory space and fill in banks.
+ * Otherwise allocate more memory under 4GB and fill in additional
+ * banks. If there is not enough memory under 4GB, use higher
+ * memory.
order = get_11_allocation_size(kinfo->unassigned_mem);
while ( kinfo->unassigned_mem && kinfo->mem.nr_banks < NR_MEM_BANKS )
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