Livepatch only tracks an entire payload applied/reverted state. But,
with an option to supply the apply_payload() and/or revert_payload()
functions as optional hooks, it becomes possible to intermix the
execution of the original apply_payload()/revert_payload() functions
with their dynamically supplied counterparts.
It is important then to track the current state of every function
being patched and prevent situations of unintentional double-apply
or unapplied revert.

To support that, it is necessary to extend public interface of the
livepatch. The struct livepatch_func gets additional field holding
the applied/reverted state marker.

To reflect the livepatch payload ABI change, bump the version flag
LIVEPATCH_PAYLOAD_VERSION up to 2.

The above solution only applies to x86 architecture for now.

Signed-off-by: Pawel Wieczorkiewicz <wipa...@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Andra-Irina Paraschiv <andra...@amazon.com>
Reviewed-by: Bjoern Doebel <doe...@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Martin Pohlack <mpohl...@amazon.de>
---
 xen/arch/x86/livepatch.c    | 20 +++++++++++++++++++-
 xen/common/livepatch.c      | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 xen/include/public/sysctl.h | 11 ++++++++++-
 xen/include/xen/livepatch.h |  2 +-
 4 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/livepatch.c b/xen/arch/x86/livepatch.c
index 436ee40fe1..76fa91a082 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/livepatch.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/livepatch.c
@@ -61,6 +61,14 @@ void noinline arch_livepatch_apply(struct livepatch_func 
*func)
     if ( !len )
         return;
 
+    /* If the apply action has been already executed on this function, do 
nothing... */
+    if ( func->applied == LIVEPATCH_FUNC_APPLIED )
+    {
+        printk(XENLOG_WARNING LIVEPATCH "%s: %s has been already applied 
before\n",
+                __func__, func->name);
+        return;
+    }
+
     memcpy(func->opaque, old_ptr, len);
     if ( func->new_addr )
     {
@@ -77,15 +85,25 @@ void noinline arch_livepatch_apply(struct livepatch_func 
*func)
         add_nops(insn, len);
 
     memcpy(old_ptr, insn, len);
+    func->applied = LIVEPATCH_FUNC_APPLIED;
 }
 
 /*
  * "noinline" to cause control flow change and thus invalidate I$ and
  * cause refetch after modification.
  */
-void noinline arch_livepatch_revert(const struct livepatch_func *func)
+void noinline arch_livepatch_revert(struct livepatch_func *func)
 {
+    /* If the apply action hasn't been executed on this function, do 
nothing... */
+    if ( !func->old_addr || func->applied == LIVEPATCH_FUNC_NOT_APPLIED )
+    {
+        printk(XENLOG_WARNING LIVEPATCH "%s: %s has not been applied before\n",
+                __func__, func->name);
+        return;
+    }
+
     memcpy(func->old_addr, func->opaque, livepatch_insn_len(func));
+    func->applied = LIVEPATCH_FUNC_NOT_APPLIED;
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/xen/common/livepatch.c b/xen/common/livepatch.c
index 585ec9819a..090a48977b 100644
--- a/xen/common/livepatch.c
+++ b/xen/common/livepatch.c
@@ -1242,6 +1242,29 @@ static inline void revert_payload_tail(struct payload 
*data)
     data->state = LIVEPATCH_STATE_CHECKED;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Check if an action has applied the same state to all payload's functions 
consistently.
+ */
+static inline bool was_action_consistent(const struct payload *data, 
livepatch_func_state_t expected_state)
+{
+    int i;
+
+    for ( i = 0; i < data->nfuncs; i++ )
+    {
+        struct livepatch_func *f = &(data->funcs[i]);
+
+        if ( f->applied != expected_state )
+        {
+            printk(XENLOG_ERR LIVEPATCH "%s: Payload has a function: '%s' with 
inconsistent applied state.\n",
+                   data->name, f->name ?: "noname");
+
+            return false;
+        }
+    }
+
+    return true;
+}
+
 /*
  * This function is executed having all other CPUs with no deep stack (we may
  * have cpu_idle on it) and IRQs disabled.
@@ -1268,6 +1291,9 @@ static void livepatch_do_action(void)
         else
             rc = apply_payload(data);
 
+        if ( !was_action_consistent(data, rc ? LIVEPATCH_FUNC_NOT_APPLIED : 
LIVEPATCH_FUNC_APPLIED) )
+            panic("livepatch: partially applied payload '%s'!\n", data->name);
+
         if ( rc == 0 )
             apply_payload_tail(data);
         break;
@@ -1282,6 +1308,9 @@ static void livepatch_do_action(void)
         else
             rc = revert_payload(data);
 
+        if ( !was_action_consistent(data, rc ? LIVEPATCH_FUNC_APPLIED : 
LIVEPATCH_FUNC_NOT_APPLIED) )
+            panic("livepatch: partially reverted payload '%s'!\n", data->name);
+
         if ( rc == 0 )
             revert_payload_tail(data);
         break;
@@ -1304,6 +1333,9 @@ static void livepatch_do_action(void)
                 other->rc = revert_payload(other);
 
 
+            if ( !was_action_consistent(other, rc ? LIVEPATCH_FUNC_APPLIED : 
LIVEPATCH_FUNC_NOT_APPLIED) )
+                panic("livepatch: partially reverted payload '%s'!\n", 
other->name);
+
             if ( other->rc == 0 )
                 revert_payload_tail(other);
             else
@@ -1324,6 +1356,9 @@ static void livepatch_do_action(void)
             else
                 rc = apply_payload(data);
 
+            if ( !was_action_consistent(data, rc ? LIVEPATCH_FUNC_NOT_APPLIED 
: LIVEPATCH_FUNC_APPLIED) )
+                panic("livepatch: partially applied payload '%s'!\n", 
data->name);
+
             if ( rc == 0 )
                 apply_payload_tail(data);
         }
diff --git a/xen/include/public/sysctl.h b/xen/include/public/sysctl.h
index cfbb8760d4..98cdcc64bb 100644
--- a/xen/include/public/sysctl.h
+++ b/xen/include/public/sysctl.h
@@ -818,7 +818,7 @@ struct xen_sysctl_cpu_featureset {
  *     If zero exit with success.
  */
 
-#define LIVEPATCH_PAYLOAD_VERSION 1
+#define LIVEPATCH_PAYLOAD_VERSION 2
 /*
  * .livepatch.funcs structure layout defined in the `Payload format`
  * section in the Live Patch design document.
@@ -826,6 +826,11 @@ struct xen_sysctl_cpu_featureset {
  * We guard this with __XEN__ as toolstacks SHOULD not use it.
  */
 #ifdef __XEN__
+typedef enum livepatch_func_state {
+    LIVEPATCH_FUNC_NOT_APPLIED = 0,
+    LIVEPATCH_FUNC_APPLIED = 1
+} livepatch_func_state_t;
+
 struct livepatch_func {
     const char *name;       /* Name of function to be patched. */
     void *new_addr;
@@ -834,6 +839,10 @@ struct livepatch_func {
     uint32_t old_size;
     uint8_t version;        /* MUST be LIVEPATCH_PAYLOAD_VERSION. */
     uint8_t opaque[31];
+#if defined CONFIG_X86
+    uint8_t applied;
+    uint8_t _pad[7];
+#endif
 };
 typedef struct livepatch_func livepatch_func_t;
 #endif
diff --git a/xen/include/xen/livepatch.h b/xen/include/xen/livepatch.h
index 2aec532ee2..a93126f631 100644
--- a/xen/include/xen/livepatch.h
+++ b/xen/include/xen/livepatch.h
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ int arch_livepatch_quiesce(void);
 void arch_livepatch_revive(void);
 
 void arch_livepatch_apply(struct livepatch_func *func);
-void arch_livepatch_revert(const struct livepatch_func *func);
+void arch_livepatch_revert(struct livepatch_func *func);
 void arch_livepatch_post_action(void);
 
 void arch_livepatch_mask(void);
-- 
2.16.5




Amazon Development Center Germany GmbH
Krausenstr. 38
10117 Berlin
Geschaeftsfuehrung: Christian Schlaeger, Ralf Herbrich
Eingetragen am Amtsgericht Charlottenburg unter HRB 149173 B
Sitz: Berlin
Ust-ID: DE 289 237 879




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