Gilles Chanteperdrix wrote:
> Hi,
> after some (unsuccessful) time trying to instrument the code in a way
> that does not change the latency results completely, I found the
> reason for the high latency with latency -t 1 and latency -t 2 on ARM.
> So, here comes an update on this issue. The culprit is the user-space
> context switch, which flushes the processor cache with the nklock
> locked, irqs off.
> There are two things we could do:
> - arrange for the ARM cache flush to happen with the nklock unlocked
> and irqs enabled. This will improve interrupt latency (latency -t 2)
> but obviously not scheduling latency (latency -t 1). If we go that
> way, there are several problems we should solve:
> we do not want interrupt handlers to reenter xnpod_schedule(), for
> this we can use the XNLOCK bit, set on whatever is
> xnpod_current_thread() when the cache flush occurs
> since the interrupt handler may modify the rescheduling bits, we need
> to test these bits in xnpod_schedule() epilogue and restart
> xnpod_schedule() if need be
> we do not want xnpod_delete_thread() to delete one of the two threads
> involved in the context switch, for this the only solution I found is
> to add a bit to the thread mask meaning that the thread is currently
> switching, and to (re)test the XNZOMBIE bit in xnpod_schedule epilogue
> to delete whatever thread was marked for deletion
> in case of migration with xnpod_migrate_thread, we do not want
> xnpod_schedule() on the target CPU to switch to the migrated thread
> before the context switch on the source CPU is finished, for this we
> can avoid setting the resched bit in xnpod_migrate_thread(), detect
> the condition in xnpod_schedule() epilogue and set the rescheduling
> bits so that xnpod_schedule is restarted and send the IPI to the
> target CPU.
> - avoid using user-space real-time tasks when running latency
> kernel-space benches, i.e. at least in the latency -t 1 and latency -t
> 2 case. This means that we should change the timerbench driver. There
> are at least two ways of doing this:
> use an rt_pipe
>  modify the timerbench driver to implement only the nrt ioctl, using
> vanilla linux services such as wait_event and wake_up.

[As you reminded me of this unanswered question:]
One may consider adding further modes _besides_ current kernel tests
that do not rely on RTDM & native userland support (e.g. when
CONFIG_XENO_OPT_PERVASIVE is disabled). But the current tests are valid
scenarios as well that must not be killed by such a change.


Siemens AG, Corporate Technology, CT SE 2
Corporate Competence Center Embedded Linux

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