Le 14/04/2011 12:52, Martin Elshuber a écrit :
It's lied to your hardware for Xenomai clock event. For NIOS 2 without
MMU, one clock tick corresponds to one period of the hrtimer timer i.e.
1/HRTIMER_FREQ. That is the minimum value for a delay.
as this discussion could be of interest to other people I continue it
On 04/12/2011 07:58 PM, Philippe Gerum wrote:
In other words a Xenomai clock tick always 1ns and already abstracts
On Tue, 2011-04-12 at 17:01 +0200, Martin Elshuber wrote:
Hallo Mr. Gerum!
First, thx for the answer of the ADEOS list&
thx for investing a lot of time in the NIOS port.
Can I ask you something else?
According to the documentation of the native skin rt_task_sleep
delays a task
for some delay measured in clock ticks.
On my system (NIOS II/f nommu, CPU, hrtimer, hrclock, sys_timer all
It seems that rt_task_sleep delays a task for some time measured in
In my experiment I created a single task which calls
rt_task_sleep(1000000000); // 1e9
This call delays the task for 1 second. Therefore I guess that the
I did some further debugging and recognized that the hrtimer
is programmed with a value of just below 150000000 (150e6).
This appears correct, if the unit is nanoseconds.
What is the desired behavior of rt_task_sleep (and other timed
the native skin?
Yes, when the timing mode is oneshot/aperiodic, the base tick is the
highest clock resolution, i.e. 1 ns. Most people use aperiodic timing
these days with Xenomai, periodic is for legacy apps such as those
originating from VxWorks, VRTX, pSOS, i.e. traditional RTOSes, where
timeout values are a count of (a periodic) tick.
hardware clock tick?
Yes, I think that all the hardware dependent code is in the adeos patch.
In the adeos patch for NIOS 2 without MMU, you must instantiate with
Altera SoPC builder tool a 32-bit timer named hrtimer for clock event
and a 64-bit timer named hrclock for clock source. Link between HW and
SW is done by the name.
I have contemplated about these three points. But i think i need to
The conversion to nanoseconds seems (a am not sure about this) to
very soon. Inside the nucleus, for example, rthal_timer_calibrate
execution duration rthal_read_tsc to nanoseconds.
Is there a reason for not using ipipe_tsc2ns from the adeos API
Yes, the per-arch Xenomai routines are usually optimized for speed and
precision. ipipe_tsc2ns() is merely for tracing/timestamping purpose in
the Adeos code, using a naive conversion method.
On the other hand this conversion is reverted (ns->tsc) by
xnarch_calibrate_timer. This confuses me!
Because the internal interface does not assume anything from the way the
calibration code determines the typical timer programming latency, so it
always asks for a count of ns, before pre-calculating the corresponding
hardware clock ticks from this. It just happens that arch-dep code for
timer calibration often uses hardware clock ticks internally when
computing an average latency value dynamically, but it could also return
a time constant, expressed in ns the same way.
The reason for these questions is, that I am trying to remove
hrtimer, and replace it with another non-standard source. For this I
understand, how the time ticks in Xenomai, first.
Xenomai needs to know:
- the frequency of the timer hardware, to compute delay values to
program it with. Usually, we have a count of hardware clock tick in
input from the Xenomai generic timer code, we convert it to a count of
hardware timer ticks to have the corresponding delay, and we poke this
delay to the timer hardware to program the next tick date.
- the frequence of the high resolution hardware clock used in all
timestamping, to convert a timestamp (i.e. tsc) to ns, and conversely.
- the irq the timer hardware will raise for signaling a tick.
more concrete about my time-source, to describe my questions.
What do I have:
* I have an integrated communication (Network on Chip) and 'timer'
* This device follows a static (during application design phase defined)
* The device supports several (8 in my case) up counter with wrap around
at a, in the schedule defined, max value.
* The schedule defines the counter values at which periodic
are generated. For example the schedule can define:
Use a max value of 1024 and generate interrupts at 17, 105, and 800.
* Dynamic reprogramming of these values is not possible.
* Masking several interrupts is possible.
* The maximal horizon of one period is 1.6sec. It is possible to read
current counter value for each period at any time.
* The device synchronizes to other on-chip (trivially) and off-chip
external synchronization protocol) devices.
* One Altera fully featured 32 Bit Timer.
What do I want:
* By using this device as clock source all events generated by the local
component (i.e. Xenomai) will be implicitly synchronized to other
* Phase align all timer interrupts, to avoid two interrupts at the
* Xenomai Timed events are of secondary interest, as most tasks a
our 'timer' device.
I am planing
* to deviate the Linux timer interrupt from our 'timer' source, by
using a virtual IRQ line, to
a) phase align it to other events in the schedule
b) make the timer available to Xenomai, and
* to implement a read-tsc function and use a spare timer for Xenomai.
* Are there any implications to Xenomai-services, aside from timed
(i.e. sleep, alarms, timeout functions, ...) which need to be
working on the time source?
* Is there any hardware dependent code in Xenomai that relies on the
timer (hrclock, hrtimer) implementation? I.e. can all modifications
the ADEOS code?
I have only identified only ADEOS code so far.
thx & best regards
PS: This discussion should rather happen on xenomai-help or -core, at
your will. Maybe those explanations could be of some interest to others.
Message sent via/by Gna!
Xenomai-core mailing list
Patrice Kadionik. F6KQH / F4CUQ
+"Tout doit etre aussi simple que possible, pas seulement plus simple" +
+ Patrice Kadionikhttp://www.enseirb-matmeca.fr/~kadionik +
+ IMS Laboratoryhttp://www.ims-bordeaux.fr/ +
+ ENSEIRB-MATMECAhttp://www.enseirb-matmeca.fr +
+ PO BOX 99 fax : +33 126.96.36.199.23 +
+ 33402 TALENCE Cedex voice : +33 188.8.131.52.47 +
+ FRANCEmailto:patrice.kadio...@ims-bordeaux.fr +
Xenomai-core mailing list