** Changed in: neutron (Ubuntu)
     Assignee: (unassigned) => new (cloudie)

** Changed in: neutron (Ubuntu)
       Status: Invalid => In Progress

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  router:dhcp ports are open resolvers

Status in neutron:
  In Progress
Status in OpenStack Security Advisory:
  Won't Fix
Status in neutron package in Ubuntu:
  In Progress

Bug description:
  When configuring an public IPv4 subnet with DHCP enabled inside
  Neutron (and attaching it to an Internet-connected router), the DNS
  recursive resolver service provided by dnsmasq inside the qdhcp
  network namespace will respond to DNS queries from the entire
  Internet. This is a huge problem from a security standpoint, as open
  resolvers are very likely to be abused for DDoS purposes. This does
  not only cause significant damage to third parties (i.e., the true
  destination of the DDoS attack and every network in between), but also
  on the local network or servers (due to saturation of all the
  available network bandwidth and/or the processing capacity of the node
  running the dnsmasq instance). Quoting from

  «Open Resolvers pose a significant threat to the global network
  infrastructure by answering recursive queries for hosts outside of its
  domain. They are utilized in DNS Amplification attacks and pose a
  similar threat as those from Smurf attacks commonly seen in the late


  What can I do?

  If you operate a DNS server, please check the settings.

  Recursive servers should be restricted to your enterprise or customer
  IP ranges to prevent abuse. Directions on securing BIND and Microsoft
  nameservers can be found on the Team CYMRU Website - If you operate
  BIND, you can deploy the TCP-ANY patch»

  It seems reasonable to expect that the dnsmasq instance within Neutron
  would only respond to DNS queries from the subnet prefixes it is
  associated with and ignore all others.

  Note that this only occurs for IPv4. That is however likely just a
  symptom of bug #1499170, which breaks all IPv6 DNS queries (external
  as well as internal). I would assume that when bug #1499170 is fixed,
  the router:dhcp ports will immediately start being open resolvers over
  IPv6 too.

  For what it's worth, the reason I noticed this issue in the first
  place was that NorCERT (the national Norwegian Computer Emergency
  Response Team - http://www.cert.no/) got in touch with us, notifying
  us about the open resolvers they had observed in our network and
  insisted that we lock them down ASAP. It only took NorCERT couple of
  days after the subnet was first created to do so.


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