SACP solidarity message to SACTWU's National Congress


Delivered by General Secretary Comrade Blade Nzimande


"Develop production and defend the revolution wholeheartedly against
strategic opponents and the immediate threat - the parasitic bourgeoisie!"


Cape Town International Convention Centre, 24 September 2016




By Blade Nzimande, in Umsebenzi Online, Johannesburg, 22 September 2016


Dear comrades, allow me first and foremost to take this opportunity on
behalf of the SACP to thank you for your invitation to address your very
important National Congress.


I would like to convey revolutionary greetings from the Central Committee of
the SACP on behalf of our party's quarter one million members.


Our party commends the leadership and members of your union, the Southern
African Clothing and Textile Workers Union (SACTWU). You have demonstrated
outstanding resilience against the backdrop of the devastating
de-industrialisation that threatened the very basis and continued existence
of your union, SACTWU.


Facts and figures


Let us explain what we mean, by reflecting on facts and figures.


Employment in the clothing, textile, leather and footwear sector was
approximately 239 000 in 1994. It declined by about 36 500 jobs, to just
over 275 000 in two years to 1996. This massive jobs bloodbath further
resulted in over 100 000 jobs lost in the sector between 1996 and 2009.


The sector's employment shrunk to just over 164 000 in 2009. The decline
continued thereafter, but this time at a slow rate, stabilising at about 138
000 jobs in 2014. By 2015, the sector was recovering. New jobs were being


What the numbers tell us is that 68.77 percent of the workforce in the
sector lost their jobs from 1994 to 2009. This means that 59.66 percent of
the sector's workforce lost their jobs from 1996 to 2009.


The massive job loss or rapid de-industrialisation that almost wiped out the
sector did not occur incidentally.


1996 class project


Particularly from 1996, the decline was due to a neoliberal shock therapy,
or lightning liberalisation, imposed through the so-called Growth,
Employment and Redistribution (Gear) or, as the SACP identified it by its
class content and political agenda, the 1996 class project. This anti-worker
agenda stripped the sector of the necessary protection that it needed to
withstand South Africa's post-apartheid re-integration - after the pre-1994
sanctions - in the international operating economic environment that was, at
this time, dominated by neoliberal globalisation driven by imperialist
states and transnational corporations.


It does not take rocket science to see that the job losses or
de-industrialisation that occurred in the sector shows that it was very
simple to destroy, but very difficult to build or to rebuild.


The rate of decline in the clothing, textile, leather and footwear sector's
employment or de-industrialisation was faster than the rate of stabilisation
and emergence of recovery. Efforts to achieve stabilisation and turn the
tide were particularly driven in earnest since 2009.


The SACP would like to express its sincere gratitude for the role you have
played in resisting the de-industrialisation and jobs bloodbath, as well as
in working very hard to re-industrialise the clothing, textile, leather and
footwear manufacturing activity in our economy!


The sector was almost completely wiped out by an imports surge triggered by
the lightning liberalisation imposed under the yoke of the 1996 class
project. Imports in this sector grew from R4.36 billion in 1994 to R58.8
billion by 2015, while trade deficit rapidly grew from R3.9 billion in 1994
to R36.9 billion in 2015.


Economic Development Department and DTI


As a direct fruit of your union's in co-operation with the Economic
Development Department, established in 2009, and the Department of Trade and
Industry to revive production and create jobs in the sector, its exports
contributed to its output by R15.9 billion from a low base of R6.1 billion
in 2009 to R22.1 billion in 2015.


Productivity in the sector has increased remarkably in clothing, footwear
and leather segments, and is well under way in leather goods and textiles
segments. Employment increased by about 6 000 jobs in one year from 2014
from about 138 000 to about 144 000 in 2015. What this means is that your
work with government post-2009 has managed to both stabilise the sector and
ensure growth in both production and employment.


The trend in production and employment growth must be sustained. The SACP
has confidence in your union; that you will deliver on this task. In this
regard, your proven strategic engagement on matters of workplace
restructuring and work re-organisation, on production and industrial policy
development speak out for itself. The way you have engaged on this issue of
high importance, work and production development, the lifeblood of human
society, as well as industrial strategy, has set a good example for other
trade unions to emulate.   


Cde Solly Mapaila


Dear comrades, on 21 March our Second Deputy General Secretary, Comrade
Solly Mapaila addressed your union's National Bargaining Conference, here in
Cape Town. I would like to once more on behalf of our party reiterate what
he said.


The SACP congratulates you for maintaining and continuously developing
worker democracy in your union. Your dedicated focus on issues affecting
workers on the shop floor, on workers' interests, the way you conduct your
union's affairs, your consistent communication about all of these crucial
matters, should serve as a source of encouragement to other trade unions to
take their cue from you.


Let us unite and defeat the parasitic bourgeoisie, the immediate domestic
and internal threat facing the national democratic revolution!


Let us isolate and defeat the harmful politics of divisions and disunity!  


Joe Slovo


Dear comrades, in his 1988 seminal intervention, titled 'The South African
working class and the national democratic revolution', Comrade Joe Slovo,
our party's former General Secretary and revered leader of our struggle for
liberation and social emancipation, argued that it is impossible for trade
unions to keep out of the broader political conflict and focus on what is
going on inside workplace premises only. A trade union that is not concerned
about the living conditions of its members will not effectively fight for
their working conditions.  The living conditions of workers are influenced
by many factors and institutions, including the state.


The very fact that our post-1994 democratically elected government, in
particular through the agenda of the 1996 class project almost destroyed
your sector and displaced over hundred thousand workers from their jobs,
proves that the state can be used as an instrument of the class of
exploiters against the exploited. Conversely, your resistance to the
anti-worker agenda, your engagement with the Economic Development Department
and the Department of Trade and Industry on the measures that are now
clearly reviving the sector and creating jobs prove that the state can be
used to serve workers' interests. The state is therefore a contested
reality, notwithstanding its ultimate, or dominant, class character.


Too many class forces


Let us therefore deepen the historical mission to build democratic working
class hegemony in all key sites of struggle and establish democratic working
class power in all centres of power, including the state. There are too many
class forces each with its own class agenda and class interests that seek to
shape the direction undertaken by the state and, using the state, ultimately
by society.


For the SACP, monopoly capital, regardless of the race or colour of those
who personify it, White or Black, with its ties to imperialism, remains the
major strategic opponent to our struggle for democratic national


But there are many other examples.


In Greece, monopoly capital undermined democracy. It replaced a democratic
mandate with devastating austerity measures, and reduced democracy into a
fictitious exercise while the ruling class rules.


In Brazil, there was recently a "soft coup" by means of parliamentary
constitutional manipulation. The coup could nevertheless not have succeeded
without collaboration from corrupted domestic collaborators, agents,
businesspeople and politicians who were interested only in covering their
own skins as many of them faced serious corruption allegations.  


It is however impossible to address monopoly capital's expropriation of
national resources through exploitation and super-exploitation of workers,
through tax base erosion, capital flight, transfer pricing and much more, if
sensitive and strategic organisational capacity is held back in
factionalism, or if public institutions, like the state capacity needed to
deal effectively with corporations and high-income individuals are attacked
and undermined for entirely parasitic ends.




While our liberation movement should certainly be vigilant about the role of
external forces; and while we should learn lessons from imperialist
projection of "soft power" in many parts of the world to undermine national
sovereignty through so-called "colour revolutions" and the like - we should
always remember that the entry-point for this destabilisation is inevitably
corruption, parasitism and bureaucratic complacency.


The overall situation we are facing, in terms of challenges, can be
categorised into three broad categories. We are facing external, domestic
and internal challenges.


Unless we get our house in order internally, we will continue, as a
movement, to display incapacity and a lack of strategic discipline in
tackling the domestic and external challenges. This is why it is very
important for the ANC to reach consensus and better handle leadership


Parasitic bourgeoisie


The immediate challenge we are facing, at the domestic level but as well as
internally in our movement, is the parasitic bourgeoisie. It is
inconceivable that we will succeed to face off to external challenges, such
as the global capitalist system crisis and more powerful imperialist forces,
without defeating the parasites that weaken both our domestic (state and
national) and internal (broader movement organisational) capacity and
strategic discipline.  


Our ANC-led alliance national summit held mid-2015 for instance correctly
identified many similar problems. All alliance partners, without exception,
agreed in a declaration from the summit that corporate capture was a
problem. The declaration linked corporate capture to social distance from
the membership and mass base, distortion of internal organisational
processes and democracy, gate-keeping and related methods such as
manipulation of membership records and files, buying of membership ahead of
and votes at elective gatherings, corruption, factionalism, patronage and a
lack of focus by local structures on the social and economic challenges
facing communities.


Accordingly, the alliance agreed that we must unite behind a programme to
defeat these harmful tendencies. That some comrades at the later stage
decided to veer away from the collective ANC-led alliance perspective and
even dismissed the existence the problem is not a function of democratic
centralism. It is a function of factional centralism, a direct contradiction
of the strategic discipline required by the revolutionary principle of
democratic centralism.




The reason why the Communist Party prohibits factions in party organisation
is that they can hold back an organisation. Factionalism can liquidate the
strategic leadership capacity an organisation needs to implement its
immediate tasks and fulfil its historical mission. Factions can render an
organisation incapable of tackling its strategic opponents.


Factions can hand power to opponents, by weakening an organisation's
internal unity and cohesion, by fracturing an organisation internally, and
now and then by even producing splinter groups from factions as some form of
organisations within an organisation. Factions can produce different
messages on one issue, all in the name of one organisation. They can
redefine the shouldering of collective responsibility along factional lines
and turn a blind eye to the weaknesses and wrongdoing committed by their


South Africa is full of study materials


We do not need to go too far away outside of South Africa, or many years
back in the history of the split of the Russian Social Democratic Labour
Party, or to study what led to the incapacity for given political movement
leading a country to fight a war against the external enemy because of
factions. South Africa is full of study materials.


There is a political organisation, for example, called Cope - the plagiarist
Congress of the People, not the original Congress of the People held in 1955
that adopted the Freedom Charter. Cope started as a faction inside of the
ANC. It mutated as a campaign for former President Thabo Mbeki and
eventually became established as a separate political party.     


We also need to study how the ANC lost power in the Western Cape in the past
and experienced a significant decline in the recent local government
elections. There is an incorrect perception that the decline occurred only
in some of our major metropolitan municipalities. The fact of the matter is
that the recent decline is wider than that. It includes loss of power also
in some local or district municipalities in rural areas.


Another study option


But we have another study option.


We can look at the fragmentation of the trade union movement and the
mushrooming of new unions, or efforts to start a new federation. In this
regard, there is another factor identified by the SACP, business unionism.
Along with the broader phenomenon of corporate capture, and also having
links with it, business unionism is one of the major drivers of
fragmentation in the trade union movement. 


In many instances fictitious ideological differences are created and used to
mask the real character of the causes of the divisions and disunity.


We need to strengthen our efforts in dealing with all of these problems. We
do not need to wait until we lose power to realise how important power is.


Also, we do not defend power for the sake of defending power. We need to be
decisive with power. In particular, we must, as a movement, decisively drive
our shared perspective to move the national democratic revolution onto a
second radical phase. Radical to fundamental economic transformation in its
logical conclusion is the most important task facing our revolution.


Decent work


The resolution of many social problems, including redistribution in the form
of accelerated rollout of free post-school education for those who cannot
afford as announced by government this week, a comprehensive social security
system, universal access to quality healthcare and therefore the success of
the National Health Insurance, decent work and job creation, etcetera,
depend by and large on radical economic transformation and, buttressed by
it, on policy changes. The achievement of social transformation is
completely different from a dog barking at the moon for no revolutionary or
developmental reason. It requires resources on a constant basis or without
interruption. The importance of radical economic development cannot be


Inter-sectoral solidarity


The SACP is looking forward to the outcomes of your congress. In particular,
we propose that you discuss the important matter of the need to reinvigorate
workers' inter-sectoral solidarity and the challenges that have let to its
decline. We propose that you do this in the context of the pursuit of
overall working class revolutionary politics in society at large.


As the SACP, we are looking forward to your congress becoming a success!


Thank you comrades!


.    Comrade Blade Nzimande is SACP General Secretary. This is the edited
version of the presentation Dr Nzimande at the SACTWU National Congress,
Cape Town International Convention Centre, 22 September 2016

































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