Habibah Brooke Shield masih keturunan Nabi Muhammad

Associated Press: Everyone on Earth Has Royal Roots

By Matt Crenson | 01 July 2006

Actress Brooke Shields has a pretty impressive pedigree hanging from
her family tree are Catherine de Medici and Lucrezia Borgia,
Charlemagne and El Cid, William the Conquerer and King Harold,
vanquished by William at the Battle of Hastings.

Shields also descends from five popes, a whole mess of early New
England settlers, and the royal houses of virtually every European
country. She counts renaissance pundit Niccolo Machiavelli and
conquistador Hernando Cortes as ancestors.

What is it about Brooke? Well, nothing at least genealogically.

Even without a documented connection to a notable forebear, experts
say the odds are virtually 100 percent that every person on Earth is
descended from one royal personage or another.

"Millions of people have provable descents from medieval monarchs,''
said Mark Humphrys, a genealogy enthusiast and professor of computer
science at Dublin City University in Ireland. "The number of people
with unprovable descents must be massive.''

By the same token, for every king in a person's family tree there are
thousands and thousands of nobodies whose births, deaths and lives
went completely unrecorded by history. We'll never know about them,
because until recently vital records were a rarity for all but the
noble classes.

It works the other way, too. Anybody who had children more than a few
hundred years ago is likely to have millions of descendants today, and
quite a few famous ones.

Take King Edward III, who ruled England during the 14th century and
had nine children who survived to adulthood. Among his documented
descendants are presidents (George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, John
Quincy Adams, Zachary Taylor, both Roosevelts), authors (Jane Austen,
Lord Byron, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Elizabeth Barrett Browning),
generals (Robert E. Lee), scientists (Charles Darwin) and actors
(Humphrey Bogart, Audrey Hepburn, Brooke Shields). Some experts
estimate that 80 percent of England's present population descends from
Edward III.

A slight twist of fate could have prevented the existence of all of
them. In 1312 the close adviser and probable lover of Edward II, Piers
Gaveston, was murdered by a group of barons frustrated with their
king's ineffectual rule. The next year the beleaguered king produced
the son who became Edward III.

Had Edward II been killed along with Gaveston in 1312 "a definite
possibility at the time" Edward III would never have been born. He
wouldn't have produced the lines of descent that ultimately branched
out to include all those presidents, writers and Hollywood stars not
to mention everybody else.

Of course, the only reason we're talking about Edward III is that
history remembers him. For every medieval monarch there are countless
long-dead nobodies whose intrigues, peccadilloes and luck have steered
the course of history simply by determining where, when and with whom
they reproduced.

The longer ago somebody lived, the more descendants a person is likely
to have today. Humphrys estimates that Muhammad, the founder of Islam,
appears on the family tree of every person in the Western world.

Some people have actually tried to establish a documented line between
Muhammad, who was born in the 6th century, and the medieval English
monarchs, and thus to most if not all people of European descent. 

Nobody has succeeded yet, but one proposed lineage comes close. Though
it runs through several strongly suspicious individuals, the line
illustrates how lines of descent can wander down through the
centuries, connecting famous figures of the past to most of the people
living today.

The proposed genealogy runs through Muhammad's daughter Fatima. Her
husband Ali, also a cousin of Muhammad, is considered by Shiite
Muslims the legitimate heir to leadership of Islam.

Ali and Fatima had a son, al-Hasan, who died in 670. About three
centuries later, his ninth great-grandson, Ismail, carried the line to
Europe when he became Imam of Seville.

Many genealogists dispute the connection between al-Hasan and Ismail,
claiming that it includes fictional characters specifically invented
by medieval genealogists trying to link the Abbadid dynasty, founded
by Ismail's son, to Muhammad.

The Abbadid dynasty was celebrated for making Seville a great cultural
center at a time when most of Europe was mired in the Dark Ages. The
last emir in that dynasty was supposed to have had a daughter named
Zaida, who is said to have changed her name to Isabel upon converting
to Christianity and marrying Alfonso VI, king of Castile and Leon.

Yet there is no good evidence demonstrating that Isabel, who bore one
son by Alfonso VI, is the same person as Zaida. So the line between
Muhammad and the English monarchs probably breaks again at this point.

But if you give the Zaida/Isabel story the benefit of the doubt too,
the line eventually leads to Isabel's fifth great-granddaughter Maria
de Padilla (though it does encounter yet another potentially fictional
character in the process).

Maria married another king of Castile and Leon, Peter the Cruel. Their
great-great- granddaughter was Queen Isabel, who funded the voyages of
Christopher Columbus. Her daughter Juana married a Hapsburg, and
eventually gave rise to a Medici, a Bourbon and long line of Italian
princes and dukes, spreading the Mohammedan line of descent all over

Finally, 43 generations from Mohammed, you reach an Italian princess
named Marina Torlonia.

Her granddaughter is Brooke Shields.


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