http://english.pravda.ru/science/earth/05-08-2008/105990-origin_life-0

      05.08.2008

           
           




      Origin of Life Deception by Evolutionist

      By Babu G. Ranganathan



      Millions of high school and college biology textbooks imply that Stanley 
Miller, in the 190's, showed that life could arise by chance. Nothing could be 
further from the truth. 

      Miller, in his famous experiment in 1953, showed that individual amino 
acids (the building blocks of life) could come into existence by chance. But, 
it's not enough just to have amino acids. The various amino acids that make-up 
life must link together in a precise sequence, just like the letters in a 
sentence, to form functioning protein molecules. If they're not in the right 
sequence the protein molecules won't work. It has never been shown that various 
amino acids can bind together into a sequence by chance to form protein 
molecules. Even the simplest cell is made up of many millions of various 
protein molecules. 

      Also, what many don't realize is that Miller had a laboratory apparatus 
that shielded and protected the individual amino acids the moment they were 
formed, otherwise the amino acids would have quickly disintegrated and been 
destroyed in the mix of random energy and forces involved in Miller's 
experiment. 

      There is no innate chemical tendency for the various amino acids to bond 
with one another in a sequence. Any one amino acid can just as easily bond with 
any other. The only reason at all for why the various amino acids bond with one 
another in a precise sequence in the cells of our bodies is because they're 
directed to do so by an already existing sequence of molecules found in our 
genetic code. 

      In Nature there are what scientists call right-handed and left-handed 
amino acids. However, life requires that all proteins be left-handed. So, not 
only do millions of amino acids have to be in the correct sequence, they also 
all have to be left-handed. If a right-handed amino acid gets mixed in then the 
protein molecules won't function. There won't be any life! 

      If the cell had evolved it would have had to be all at once. A partially 
evolved cell cannot wait millions of years to become complete because it would 
be highly unstable and quickly disintegrate in the open environment, especially 
without the protection of a complete and fully functioning cell membrane. And 
even having a complete cell doesn't necessarily mean there will be life. After 
all, even a dead cell is complete shortly after it dies!

      Of course, once there is a complete and living cell then the genetic code 
and other biological mechanisms exist to direct the formation of more cells. 
The question is how could life have arisen naturally when there was no 
directing mechanism at all in Nature. 

      The great British scientist Sir Frederick Hoyle has said that the 
probability of the sequence of molecules in the simplest cell coming into 
existence by chance is equivalent to a tornado going through a junk yard of 
airplane parts and assembling a 747 Jumbo Jet! 

      Thanks to popular evolutionist writers like Richard Dawkins, many in 
society have come to believe that natural selection will solve all of 
evolution's problems. 

      Natural selection cannot produce anything. It can only "select" from what 
is produced. Furthermore, natural selection operates only once there is life 
and not before. 

      Evolutionists believe that chance mutations in the genetic code will 
produce increasingly more complex genes for natural selection to use so that 
life can evolve from simpler species to more complex ones. There is no evidence 
that chance mutations can or will provide increasingly more complex genes for 
natural selection to act upon so that evolution would be possible from simpler 
species to more complex ones. It's like saying that the random changes caused 
by an earthquake will increase the complexity of houses and bildings! 

      Natural selection is not an active force. It is a passive process in 
Nature. Only those variations that have survival value will be "selected" or be 
preserved. Once a variation has survival value then, of course, it's not by 
chance that it is "selected". But, natural selection, itself, does not produce 
or design those biological variations. The term "natural selection" is simply a 
figure of speech. Nature does not do any active or conscious selecting. It is 
an entirely passive process. "Natural selection" is just another way of saying 
"natural survival". If a biological change occurs that helps a species to 
survive then that species, obviously, will survive (i.e. be "selected"). 
Natural selection can only "select" from biological variations that are 
possible in a species. 

      In the midst of arguments over evolution and intelligent design, it is 
amazing how many in society, including the very educated, believe that 
scientists had already created life in the laboratory. No such thing has ever 
happened. 

      All that scientists have done is genetically engineer already existing 
forms of life in the laboratory, and by doing this scientists have been able to 
produce new forms of life, but they did not produce these new life forms from 
non-living matter. Even if scientists ever do produce life from non-living 
matter it will only be through intelligent design or planning so it still 
wouldn't help support any theory of life originating by chance or evolution.

      Even artificial, or synthetic life, is a creation by scientists, through 
intelligent design, of a DNA code built from "scratch" which is then inserted 
into an already existing living cell.

      There simply is no scientific basis for believing life could have arisen 
by chance processes even if given the right environmental conditions to sustain 
life. What if we should discover life on Mars? 

      Even if we should discover life on Mars it wouldn't prove that such life 
originated by chance. Also, if we do find evidence of life on Mars it would 
have most likely have come from our very own planet - Earth! In the Earth's 
past there was powerful volcanic activity which could have easily spewed rock 
and dirt containing microbes into outer space much of which eventually could 
have reached Mars. A Newsweek article of September 21, 1998, p.12 mentions 
exactly this possibility. 

      "We think there's about 7 million tons of earth soil sitting on Mars", 
says scientist Kenneth Nealson. "You have to consider the possibility that if 
we find life on Mars, it could have come from the Earth" [Weingarten, T., 
Newsweek, September 21, 1998, p.12]. 

      This would also explain, as MIT scientist Dr. Walt Brown has pointed out, 
why some meteorites contain organic compounds because they are remnants of the 
original debris spewed from the Earth due to very fierce ancient geological 
disturbances and activity.

      Natural laws are adequate to explain how the order in life, the universe, 
and even a microwave oven operates, but mere undirected natural laws cannot 
fully explain the origin of such order. 

      The best little article ever written refuting the origin of life by 
chance is "A Few Reasons an Evolutionary Origin of Life Is Impossible" by 
scientist and biochemist Dr. Duane T. Gish. Dr. Gish presents "simple" but 
profound scientific barriers to evolution of life which aren't mentioned or 
covered in Johnny's high school biology textbook or in college textbooks for 
that matter. This article is truly great! Dr. Gish's aricle may be accessed at: 
http://icr.org/article/3140/.

      All this simply means that real science supports faith in an intelligent 
Designer behind the origin of life and the universe. It is only fair that 
evidence supporting intelligent design be presented to students alongside of 
evolutionary theory. 

      Science cannot prove that we're here by either chance or design. Both 
require faith. Where will you place your faith? 

      *The writer, Babu G. Ranganathan, has his B.A. degree with concentrations 
in theology and biology and has been recognized for his writings on religion 
and science in the 24th edition of Marquis Who's Who In The East. The author's 
website may be accessed at www.religionscience.com . 
     

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