Berikut adalah pemikiran Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, pejuang anti kasta sekaligus sumber 
konflik penganut Buddha dan penganut Hindu di India, mengenai komunisme. 
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penganut buddhisme
The Buddha is generally associated with the doctrine of Ahimsa. That is taken 
to be the be-all and end-all of his teachings. Hardly any one knows that what 
the Buddha taught is something very vast: far beyond Ahimsa. It is therefore 
necessary to set out in detail his tenets. I enumerate them below as I have 
understood them from my reading of the Tripitaka :
1. Religion is necessary for a free Society.
2. Not every Religion is worth having. 3. Religion must relate to facts of life 
and not to theories and speculations about God, or Soul or Heaven or Earth.
4. It is wrong to make God the centre of Religion.
5. It is wrong to make salvation of the soul as the centre of Religion.
6. It is wrong to make animal sacrifices to be the centre of religion.
7. Real Religion lives in the heart of man and not in the Shastras.
8. Man and morality must be the centre of religion. If not, Religion is a cruel 
9. It is not enough for Morality to be the ideal of life. Since there is no God 
it must become the Jaw of life. 10. The function of Religion is to reconstruct 
the world and to make it happy and not to explain its origin or its end.
11. That the unhappiness in the world is due to conflict of interest and the 
only way to solve it is to follow the Ashtanga Marga.
12. That private ownership of property brings power to one class and sorrow to 
13. That it is necessary for the good of Society that this sorrow be removed by 
removing its cause.
14. All human beings are equal.
15. Worth and not birth is the measure of man.
16. What is important is high ideals and not noble birth.
17. Maitri or fellowship towards all must never be abandoned. One owes it even 
to one's enemy.
18. Every one has a right to learn. Learning is as necessary for man to live as 
food is.
19. Learning without character is dangerous.
20. Nothing is infallible. Nothing is binding forever. Every thing is subject 
to inquiry and examination. 21. Nothing is final.
22. Every thing is subject to the law of causation.
23. Nothing is permanent or sanatan. Every thing is subject to change. Being is 
always becoming.
24. War is wrong unless it is for truth and justice.
25. The victor has duties towards the vanquished. This is the creed of the 
Buddha in a summary form. How ancient hut how fresh! How wide and how deep are 
his teachings!

By scientific socialism what Karl Marx meant was that his brand of socialism 
was inevitable and inescapable and that society was moving towards it and that 
nothing could prevent its march. It is to prove this contention of his that 
Marx principally laboured. Marx's contention rested on the following theses. 
They were:—
(i) That the purpose of philosophy is to reconstruct the world and not to 
explain the origin of the universe.
(ii) That the force which shapes the course of history are primarily economic.
(iii) That society is divided into two classes, owners and workers. (iv) That 
there is always a class conflict going on between the two classes.
(v) That the workers are exploited by the owners who misappropriate the surplus 
value, which is the result of the workers' labour.
(vi) That this exploitation can be put an end to by nationalisation of the 
instruments of production i.e. abolition of private property.
(vii) That this exploitation is leading to greater and greater impoverishment 
of the workers.
(viii) That this growing impoverishment of the workers is resulting in a 
revolutionary spirit among the workers and the conversion of the class conflict 
into a class struggle.
(ix) That as the workers outnumber the owners, the workers are bound to capture 
the State and establish their rule, which he called the dictatorship of the 
(x) These factors are irresistible and therefore socialism is inevitable.
I hope I have reported correctly the propositions, which formed the original 
basis of Marxian Socialism.


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