Refleksi: Bukankah katanya Indonesia multikultur, kalau memang multikultur,  
mengapa tidak menuntut NKRI yang berpenduduk no 4 di dunia menjadi anggota 
Dewan Keamanan, tetapi kog yang diusulkan wakil agama?  Quo Vadis?

Indonesia calls for Muslim representation on Security Council
Hassan Wirajuda, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia

27 September 2008 - The world's estimated 1.1 billion Muslims deserve specific 
representation on an expanded Security Council, Indonesia's Foreign Minister 
said today, calling for any reform of the 15-member body United Nations body to 
consider the need for a variety of constituencies as well as greater geographic 
Hassan Wirajuda told the General Assembly's annual General Debate that the 
Council was in urgent need of reform, saying that in a series of recent 
conflicts and tensions - over Iran, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 
(DPRK), Iraq and Afghanistan, among others - the panel "should have been more 

Mr. Wirajuda said it was clear that the Council's inability to deal adequately 
with these challenges was due mainly to what he described as its lack of 

"To make the Council more democratic, the application of veto power of the 
permanent five [members] must be regulated," he said, referring to China, 
France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. "The misuse of the 
veto by any one permanent member should no longer be allowed to paralyze the 
entire Council." 

  To make the Council more democratic, the application of veto power of the 
permanent five [members] must be regulated
He said that true democratization of the Council "also means an equitable 
distribution of its membership - not only in terms of geographical 
representation, where we already have imbalances - but also in terms of 
constituencies. Hence, the world's major civilizations should be 
proportionately represented. The world's community of 1.1 billion Muslims must 
be represented on the Council if it is to be truly democratic." 

Uruguay's External Relations Minister, Gonzalo Fernández, told the Assembly 
that his country would not support reform of the Council if it meant the 
creation of new members with veto rights. 

Mr. Fernández said the veto right "constitutes a privilege that goes against 
the democratization of our Organization" and would in any case not be allowed 
under any intergovernmental negotiations package. 

Earlier this month the General Assembly adopted a decision to begin 
intergovernmental negotiations on Council reform in informal plenary by 
February next year. 

However, Mr. Fernandez said he was disappointed that countries have not yet 
reached consensus on reform, and taken on "timid steps forward" on changes to 
the UN Secretariat and the General Assembly. 

Paula Gopee-Scoon, Foreign Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, said reform of 
Council was indispensable to the wider transformation of the UN. 

"Failure to reform the Security Council could serve to undermine that organ's 
authority as the agency with the primary responsibility for the maintenance of 
international peace and security," she said. 

Mrs. Gopee-Scoon said small States such as her own deserved "equity of access" 
on any expanded Council and she added that there was a need for all the world's 
regions to be represented in the permanent membership. 

For his part, Pham Gia Khiem, Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of 
Viet Nam, said reform of the UN should not be confined to just the Security 
Council, but include the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council 
(ECOSOC) and specialized agencies as well. 

Such reforms "will make this Organization more effective and efficient in the 
areas of work mandated by the [UN] Charter," he said. 


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