Wah, al-Mushaf tidak menyatakan vitamin dan aspirin itu haram....

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Nov. 10, 2008
Copyright © Las Vegas Review-Journal

Studies: Beware of taking vitamins

C, E, even an aspirin a day can do patients more harm than good


Vitamins C and E, pills taken by millions of Americans, do nothing to prevent 
heart disease in men, one of the largest and longest studies of these 
supplements has found. Vitamin E even appeared to raise the risk of bleeding 
strokes, a danger seen in at least one earlier study.

Folic acid, thought to reduce levels of an amino acid tied to higher 
cardiovascular risk, didn't reduce heart attacks, strokes, artery surgery or 
death, according to a separate study.

And a daily aspirin didn't prevent heart disease in middle-aged diabetics, 
according to a study that counters recommendations by the American Diabetes 

The findings were reported Sunday at an American Heart Association conference 
in New Orleans. Results also were published online by the Journal of the 
American Medical Association.

Besides questioning whether vitamins help, "we have to worry about potential 
harm," said Barbara Howard, nutrition scientist at MedStar Research Institute 
of Hyattsville, Md.

Howard had no role in the research but reviewed and discussed it at the 
conference. About 12 percent of Americans take supplements of C and E despite 
growing evidence that these antioxidants do not prevent heart disease and might 
even be harmful.

Male smokers taking vitamin E had a higher rate of bleeding strokes in a 
previous study, and other studies found no benefit for heart health.

As for vitamin C, some research suggests it might aid cancer, not fight it. A 
previous study in women at high risk of heart problems found it did not prevent 
heart attacks.

Few long-term studies have been done. The new one is the Physicians Health 
Study, led by Drs. Howard Sesso and J. Michael Gaziano of Harvard-affiliated 
Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston.

It involved 14,641 male doctors, 50 or older, including 5 percent who had heart 
disease at the time the study started in 1997. They were put into four groups 
and given vitamin E, vitamin C, both or dummy pills. The dose of E was 400 
international units every other day; C was 500 milligrams daily.

After an average of eight years, no difference was seen in the rates of heart 
attack, stroke or heart-related deaths.

But 39 men taking vitamin E suffered bleeding strokes compared with 23 of the 
others, which works out to a 74 percent greater risk for vitamin-takers.

The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health and several vitamin 
makers. Results were so clear that they would be unlikely to change if the 
study were done in women, minorities or with different formulations of the 
vitamins, Howard said.

"In these hard economic times, maybe we can save some money by not buying these 
supplements," she said.

A second study found that vitamins B-12 and B-9, folic acid, did not prevent 
heart disease either, supporting the results of previous trials.

That study involved more than 12,000 heart attack survivors and was led by Dr. 
Jane Armitage of the University of Oxford in England. It showed the folic acid 
supplements are safe, with no excess risk of cancer or other side effects.

The aspirin trial was reported by Japanese scientists.

Aspirin prevents heart attacks and strokes for people who have heart disease, 
past studies have shown. It is often recommended in an effort to keep disease 
from developing, but scientists found no clear evidence it is helpful.

People taking aspirin were just as likely to develop plaque buildup in their 
arteries, causing heart attacks, strokes and clots in the legs as those who 
didn't get a low-dose tablet every day. There was some evidence of benefit for 
patients 65 and older and in preventing deaths from heart attacks and strokes, 
though neither was the main goal of the study, the researchers said.

Patients in the aspirin study, which enrolled 2,539 Type-2 diabetics whose age 
averaged 65, also were more likely to develop bleeding ulcers and retinal 
hemorrhage, and four needed blood transfusions.

None of the participants had a history of heart disease risk. Patients were 
given either 81 milligrams or 100 milligrams of aspirin or nonaspirin medicine, 
with a median follow-up after nearly 4.5 years. The researchers were led by 
Hisao Ogawa, from Kumamoto University's Graduate School of Medical Sciences.
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Jusfiq Hadjar gelar Sutan Maradjo Lelo

Allah yang disembah orang Islam tipikal dan yang digambarkan oleh al-Mushaf itu 
dungu, buas, kejam, keji, ganas, zalim lagi biadab hanyalah Allah fiktif.


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