Havana. November 13, 2008 Children are the number one health priority in Cuba Anneris Ivette Leyva ONE of the factors that has increased the total of Cuban children reaching pre-school age to 99% is the systematic labor of the 3,000 pediatricians and 600 neonatal specialists working throughout the country, according to Fernando Domínguez Dieppa, president of the Cuban Pediatrics Society and organizer of the 26th National Pediatrics Conference that began yesterday in Havana. Congenital diseases and cancer are the principal conditions affecting the remaining percentage of under-fives and for that reason, specialists from this sector are increasingly concentrating on preventative measures. To continue reducing, or at least maintaining, the very low infant mortality rate - 5.3 for every 1,000 live births last year - is one of the objectives of children's doctors in Cuba, who are meeting to have in-depth discussions on childhood illnesses and treatment for neonatal and pediatric patients. At the opening of the Congress, the participants sent greetings to Fidel, described by members of the Cuban Pediatrics Society as their historic president.