"Bin Ladin Group Investasi Agribisnis di Merauke

Jakarta, 12 Agustus 2008 13:50
Kelompok usaha Arab Saudi, Bin Ladin Group, siap melakukan investasi sebesar 4 
miliar dolar AS, untuk mengembangkan agribisnis padi di Merauke, Papua.
....................  "

Rich countries launch great land grab to safeguard food supply
. States and companies target developing nations 
. Small farmers at risk from industrial-scale deals
  a.. Julian Borger, diplomatic editor 
  b.., Saturday November 22 2008 00.01 GMT 
  c.. The Guardian, Saturday November 22 2008 

Rich governments and corporations are triggering alarm for the poor as they buy 
up the rights to millions of hectares of agricultural land in developing 
countries in an effort to secure their own long-term food supplies.

The head of the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation, Jacques Diouf, has warned 
that the controversial rise in land deals could create a form of 
"neo-colonialism", with poor states producing food for the rich at the expense 
of their own hungry people.

Rising food prices have already set off a second "scramble for Africa". This 
week, the South Korean firm Daewoo Logistics announced plans to buy a 99-year 
lease on a million hectares in Madagascar. Its aim is to grow 5m tonnes of corn 
a year by 2023, and produce palm oil from a further lease of 120,000 hectares 
(296,000 acres), relying on a largely South African workforce. Production would 
be mainly earmarked for South Korea, which wants to lessen dependence on 

"These deals can be purely commercial ventures on one level, but sitting behind 
it is often a food security imperative backed by a government," said Carl 
Atkin, a consultant at Bidwells Agribusiness, a Cambridge firm helping to 
arrange some of the big international land deals.

Madagascar's government said that an environmental impact assessment would have 
to be carried out before the Daewoo deal could be approved, but it welcomed the 
investment. The massive lease is the largest so far in an accelerating number 
of land deals that have been arranged since the surge in food prices late last 

"In the context of arable land sales, this is unprecedented," Atkin said. 
"We're used to seeing 100,000-hectare sales. This is more than 10 times as 

At a food security summit in Rome, in June, there was agreement to channel more 
investment and development aid to African farmers to help them respond to 
higher prices by producing more. But governments and corporations in some 
cash-rich but land-poor states, mostly in the Middle East, have opted not to 
wait for world markets to respond and are trying to guarantee their own 
long-term access to food by buying up land in poorer countries.

According to diplomats, the Saudi Binladin Group is planning an investment in 
Indonesia to grow basmati rice, while tens of thousands of hectares in Pakistan 
have been sold to Abu Dhabi investors. 

Arab investors, including the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development, have also bought 
direct stakes in Sudanese agriculture. The president of the UEA, Khalifa bin 
Zayed, has said his country was considering large-scale agricultural projects 
in Kazakhstan to ensure a stable food supply. 

Even China, which has plenty of land but is now getting short of water as it 
pursues breakneck industrialisation, has begun to explore land deals in 
south-east Asia. Laos, meanwhile, has signed away between 2m-3m hectares, or 
15% of its viable farmland. Libya has secured 250,000 hectares of Ukrainian 
farmland, and Egypt is believed to want similar access. Kuwait and Qatar have 
been chasing deals for prime tracts of Cambodia rice fields.

Eager buyers generally have been welcomed by sellers in developing world 
governments desperate for capital in a recession. Madagascar's land reform 
minister said revenue would go to infrastructure and development in flood-prone 

Sudan is trying to attract investors for almost 900,000 hectares of its land, 
and the Ethiopian prime minister, Meles Zenawi, has been courting would-be 
Saudi investors. 

"If this was a negotiation between equals, it could be a good thing. It could 
bring investment, stable prices and predictability to the market," said Duncan 
Green, Oxfam's head of research. "But the problem is, [in] this scramble for 
soil I don't see any place for the small farmers." 

Alex Evans, at the Centre on International Cooperation, at New York University, 
said: "The small farmers are losing out already. People without solid title are 
likely to be turfed off the land."

Details of land deals have been kept secret so it is unknown whether they have 
built-in safeguards for local populations.

Steve Wiggins, a rural development expert at the Overseas Development 
Institute, said: "There are very few economies of scale in most agriculture 
above the level of family farm because managing [the] labour is extremely 
difficult." Investors might also have to contend with hostility. "If I was a 
political-risk adviser to [investors] I'd say 'you are taking a very big risk'. 
Land is an extremely sensitive thing. This could go horribly wrong if you don't 
learn the lessons of history."

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