CNN.com    
Women's rights activist beheaded in Iraq

    * Story Highlights
    * Leader of Kurdish Communist Party women's league killed in home
    * Motivation for woman's killing in Kirkuk not known
    * Separately, officers linked to outlawed offshoot of Baath party arrested
    * U.S military official says arrests appear to be politically motivated

BAGHDAD, Iraq (CNN) -- Gunmen broke into the house of a women's rights activist 
in the volatile northern Iraqi city of Kirkuk on Thursday and beheaded her, 
police said.

The victim was identified as Nahla Hussain, the leader of the women's league of 
the Kurdish Communist Party. She was alone in the house at the time of her 
death.

It is not known what the circumstances were that led to the attack. Violence 
against women has been an ongoing problem in Iraq.

The killing comes ahead of next month's provincial elections, a post-Saddam era 
watershed event that's generating an uptick in civil unrest and political 
infighting.

Twenty-four officers from the interior and defense ministries were arrested 
this week accused of facilitating the activities of former Baathist regime 
members, the Iraqi prime minister's media spokesman said Thursday.

The arrests appear to have been politically motivated, a senior U.S. military 
official told CNN Thursday. The official said Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki is 
believed to be behind the arrests.

Iraqi Interior Ministry officials said the detained officers have links to the 
al-Awda party, an underground successor to Saddam Hussein's Baath party, .

The Baathist movement ruled Iraq for 35 years but was banned after Hussein was 
overthrown in the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq.

The arrests, which were made inside and outside ministerial offices, were 
carried out by an elite force that reports directly to al-Maliki, according to 
an Interior Ministry official who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Al-Maliki's media spokesman, Yasseen Majeed, denied that report and said the 
arrests were made by Iraqi security forces acting on judicial arrest warrants.

Majeed, al-Maliki's military office, and Maj. Gen. Qassim Atta, spokesman for 
the Baghdad Operations Command told Iraqi State TV that reports of a planned 
coup are incorrect.

Majeed said the arrests were precautionary measures. He said investigations are 
continuing into the suspects, who are accused of facilitating the activities of 
"terrorists" and "outlaws."

Initial reports listed arrest tolls that ranged from 20s to the 30s and said 
the arrested were all from the Interior Ministry, which oversees policing, 
border enforcement and internal security.

The ministry has been criticized by Iraqi and U.S. officials for inefficiency, 
corruption and infiltration by Shiite militia groups during the Sunni-Shiite 
violence in 2006 and 2007.

According to the Interior Ministry's spokesman, Maj. Gen. Abdul Karim Khalaf, 
the highest-ranking person taken into custody was a brigadier general, and the 
others were low-ranking officers. He said 23 officers were detained and 
judicial authorities were questioning them.

The Interior Ministry official who spoke on condition of anonymity said at 
least 32 ministry employees were arrested between Monday and Wednesday. That 
official had no information on the reasons behind the arrests.

He said at least two generals were among the arrested, and identified one as 
Gen. Ahmed Taha Abu Ragheef, head of the ministry's Internal Affairs Department.

Khalaf said Ragheef was not among those arrested, and Ragheef himself appeared 
on state TV to issue a denial. He said he took part in the investigation that 
led to the action.

It is not yet clear how many Sunnis and Shiites were arrested in the case, but 
Saddamists tend to be Sunnis. Al-Maliki is a Shiite, and the government is 
dominated by a Shiite bloc, called the United Iraqi Alliance, and a Kurdish 
bloc.

One knowledgeable Iraqi politician told CNN he believes this and other discord 
at present in Iraq, such as attacks, arrests and political infighting, stems 
from internal conflicts between political parties ahead of the January 31 
provincial elections.

The voting -- to be held in 14 of Iraq's 18 provinces -- has been much 
anticipated by U.S. and Iraqi officials, who hope the election of local 
government officials can empower grass-roots Iraqis and give alienated Sunni 
Arabs more political clout.

Sunnis, who had more power under Saddam than they do now, feel they have been 
marginalized in Iraq's new political system, where the majority Shiite 
population and the Kurds have emerged as powers.

Elections won't be held in Tameem province, where political disputes in the 
city of Kirkuk have yet to be resolved, and in the three Kurdish autonomous 
region provinces.

As for the Interior Ministry, a September 2007 report assessing the status of 
Iraq's security forces slammed it and the National Police, which it operates.

The report by the Independent Commission on Security Forces in Iraq, called 
Interior "a ministry in name only" and said it was "widely regarded as being 
dysfunctional and sectarian, and suffers from ineffective leadership."

It said the National Police force has been "operationally ineffective" and 
"sectarianism in its units undermines its ability to provide security; the 
force is not viable in its current form. The National Police should be 
disbanded and reorganized."

The Defense Ministry oversees the military. The 2007 report had promising words 
for the Iraqi army, special forces, navy and air force, describing them as 
"increasingly effective" and "capable of assuming greater responsibility for 
the internal security of Iraq."

CNN's Jomana Karadsheh contributed to this report.

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