Secrets behind Hijrah and Karbala
Mawlana Shaykh Hisham Kabbani
Sunday, Feb 12, 2006 | Yuba City, CA US
On the occasion of Muharram 10, Ashura
Allah created heavens, earth, planets, sun, moon and all creation. And created
Adam. He created earth but what is the purpose of earth, without inhabitants?
So Allah created Iblees who caused Adam to disobey and go to earth and in doing
so he became cursed.
In doing so Iblees never disbelieved in the Creator. For the disobedience there
was wisdom, to cause Adam to go on earth. It means that things to us might be
seen in a way, but this is because we think about it in our minds. But in
reality Allah wants it His way; they plan and Allah plans and Allah is the Best
So Allah did not tell you the future. Allah is not able to tell you the future?
Allah gave Sayyidina Muhammad `uloom al-awwaleen wa al-akhireen - knowledge of
before and after. That means He gave him knowledge of the unseen, of the
future. But the Prophet (s) covered that from us. Because the Prophet (s) is an
obedient servant to his Lord. So whatever Allah planned the Prophet (s)
followed. But for us, whatever Allah planned we don’t follow. So if we know the
future we would pan according to the future we are seeing which might cross or
be an obstacle in the plans that Allah planned for you because you’re going to
use your mind to execute the best for your future and if you do that it might
not go according to what Allah planned.
Since we don’t know, he hid it, then we follow what Allah wanted and it gets
revealed to us as it happens. If we knew we might not follow what Allah wanted.
So Sayyidina Muhammad migrated from Makkah to Madina. The one who knows before
and after knowledge. The one who went to qaaba qawsayni aw adna. The one who is
hiding himself from Quraysh in the cave.
He could not just say Bismillahi 'r-Rahmani 'r-Raheem and reach to Madina. Did
he not say Bismillahi 'r-Rahmani 'r-Raheem and go on ascension to qaaba
What is Buraq? It is [through power of] Bismillahi 'r-Rahmani 'r-Raheem. With
Bismillahi 'r-Rahmani 'r-Raheem the Prophet (s) can say to something, “be!” and
it will be.
Prophet (s) doesn’t need any promotion that we are trying to promote him and
trying to defend.
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُدَافِعُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ
Inna Allah yudafi`u an alladheena aamanoo - Verily Allah will defend (from ill)
those who believe: [22:38]
There is only one believer. If we were believers, we would have gone to Mi’raj
also. Because the Prophet (s) will not leave his Ummah behind. How is he going
to take us when we are not believers?
The Prophet (s) is the believer that he knew that in front of him he has to
execute the plan that Allah planned. He did not say “Bismillahi 'r-Rahmani
'r-Raheem” and appear in Madina. No, he said, “I must be in that cave in that
moment, in order to show the greatness that Allah swt gave to Sayyidina Abu
Bakr as-Siddiq.” Allah wants to teach Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu from
these unseen knowledges. To do that he must go into seclusion, as the Prophet
(s) went into seclusion in the cave.
They say the Prophet (s) got the message at forty years of age. No; that is for
kindergarten. He got the message even before he was created! He got the message
when Adam was between clay and water! He got the message when his light was
created. Does not the one from whose light everything is created know why he
But he (s) has good adab with his Lord. Not like us. If we know something we
show ourselves in a crowd. If the Prophet (s) did not show himself - why should
we show ourselves? The best people are those who are humble; they don’t want to
be on the podium. They don’t want to be known. They want to be at the door, the
door of humbleness, not the door of arrogance. The Prophet (s) was at door of
his Lord. That is why Allah swt said to him, “Come!” Come where? To qaaba
qawsayni aw adna.
He did not say “how?” If he said, “how,” it would mean he had doubt. But Allah
said, “Come!” so he accepted. Not like us, we say, “How? Will You send a car?”
So the Prophet (s)… look - he knows the wisdom. We are coming to the story of
Karbala, but before we reach that, the Prophet (s) said “I am the city of
knowledge and Ali is its door.”
And he (s) said in another place, or it is said, “whatever Allah put in my
heart I put in the heart of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq.” So what was wisdom of
migration from Makkah to Madina? Why was not Prophet (s) able to stay in Makkah
and do what he did in Makkah? It is very simple but he wants to execute what
Allah has planned.
So the day that decision to go to Madina, the Quraysh enemies knew about and
wanted to kill the Prophet (s). Can anyone kill the Prophet (s)? No, but they
conspired to kill him. And Iblees was whispering conspiracy to the tribes, so
that all the leaders of the tribe will come together and hit the Prophet (s) at
one time with one hit.
Who stayed in the bed of Prophet (s)? Sayyidina `Ali (r). Why did he stay in
his bed? Was not the Prophet (s) able to recite from Surah Yasin and throw sand
on them and they would not see anything and they would pass out? Even could he
not stay in bed and throw sand on them and they would not have seen him? But he
put Sayyidina `Ali (r) in his bed.
Sayyidina Ali didn’t say “no.” He gave himself to the Prophet (s). He
sacrificed himself to the Prophet (s). He sacrificed him to the Ummah. He gave
up. He said, “Let me die for you Ya sayyidee, Ya Rasulullah, you go.”
At that moment Sayyidina `Ali (r) did not yet get the reality. The Prophet (s)
tested him: is he going to give his life for me or not. If so then one meaning;
if not then another meaning. And `Ali (r) said, “fidaak abee bika wa ummee, I
sacrifice my father and mother for you, my beloved Prophet.” He stayed in that
bed that was still warm when the Prophet (s) went for Isra and Mi’raj [and
returned]. In that short time in which Allah shortened the time and the
distance and brought him to His Presence and then sent him back.
When a king has a kingdom who can sit on the chair of the king? Only the king.
It might be sometimes even not the queen can do that. When the king is alive,
who sits on the throne? And sometimes if he has a child, the son of the king
and he sits there, they don’t say anything. When the king goes away, who sits
on the chair? It is the son. What does that mean? It means “You will inherit
the kingdom and you become a king.” It means that when Sayyidina `Ali (r)
karam-Allahu wajha, gave his life to Sayyidina Muhammad, Sayyidina Muhammad has
put him in that bed which was the City of Knowledge. That is why he said, "I am
the City of Knowledge and Ali is its door.”
That bed was belonged to the City of Knowledge in which Allah put the knowledge
of awwaleen and akhireen. Otherwise Prophet (s) would go to Madina without
putting Sayyidina `Ali (r) in that bed. He wanted to inherit him that
knowledge, that knowledge that Sayyidina `Ali (r) brought that is flowing until
today and people are taking wisdom from it. He dressed him from that knowledge
that is one of the importances of hijrah.
It is not the importance of hijrah to go in the desert seek a daleel, a guide.
Why does he need a daleel? That is teaching to us, we need a guide a teacher.
And that is teaching to us, you need a guide, a teacher, a master, a shaykh to
reach the Prophet (s). You cannot reach with your barefoot going in desert your
feet will burn.
You need someone to guide you. This life is worse than desert. So how you can
travel all this distance without a guide, without a master, without a shaykh?
So then he dressed Sayyidina `Ali (r) with all these secrets in the bed, now he
wants to dress Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu. He took him and went. The
one who threw the sand and read:
وَجَعَلْنَا مِن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ سَدًّا وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ سَدًّا
فَأَغْشَيْنَاهُمْ فَهُمْ لاَ يُبْصِرُونَ
wa ja`alana min bayni aydeehim saddan wa min khalfihim saddan fa-agshaynaahum
fa hum laa yubsiroon, - And We have put a bar in front of them and a bar behind
them, and further, We have covered them up; so that they cannot see. Ya-Sin
Was he not able to throw it in the face of the enemy when they came after him?
Allah said, “Go to the cave, O believers, O human beings, and Allah will spread
his mercy on you.”
Go to the cave means go back to your spirituality, go back to your heart. Go
back to the cave of the Ummah. The cave hides the needy ones, the cave is
Sayyidina Muhammad, he is the cave of the Ummah. فَأْوُوا إِلَى الْكَهْفِ Fa’u
ila al-kahf. Take ye hence to the Cave.” [18:16] He wants to show Sayyidina Abu
Bakr as-Siddiq the real cave. He wants to spread his mercy. He gave Sayyidina
Ali, now he wants to give to Sayyidina Abu Bakr.
He went to cave. Allah could not make the enemy not to see? But no the plan is
not like that. The plan has to be as Allah planned by Allah swt. That is why
don’t plan for yourself anything, leave everything to Allah. When you leave
everything to Allah everything will come good to you. When you leave things to
your Creator, all will come good.
They are demonstrating for cartoon, cartoon, cartoon. We are trying to get rid
of hate. Why is it the first [such] cartoon? No. Before they were even trying
to kill the Prophet (s).
Why don’t you make demonstrations against Iblees? Who is worse? Why you don’t
make demonstrations against your ego, your bad desires, that trick you every
moment, creating in you wild cartoons worse than what they are creating?
[The Prophet (s) taught,] “Whoever loves me will follow me?” How many of us are
doing the Sunnah of the Prophet (s)? What we do is worse than cartoons. We are
showing our hatred by not following the Sunnah. They say “for what, Sunnah?”
They are worse than those who made some cartoons which itself is not something
new, but happened four months ago.
Anyway to leave that, Allah had a put a plan. We are tariqah people we are
trying to follow the way of Prophet (s). We cannot say “yes, we followed”, but
we are trying.
So what did the Prophet (s) do in Ghaari Thawr? The Prophet (s) entered and
Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq Radiallahu anhu put his leg for Prophet (s) to put
his head to rest. As Prophet (s) was resting a snake was coming from the hole.
So Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq Radiallahu anhu was seeing it and saying the snake
is hungry, “Let the snake eat me and then Prophet (s) will be safe.”
If people don’t give up themselves they aren’t going to get heavenly knowledge.
If we are not going to give up backbiting and bad character we will not achieve.
That is why they say this pir and this pir but no one is like that.
So Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu put his leg in the hole through where
that snake was coming. And the snake began to eat from the leg of Sayyidina Abu
Bakr Radiallahu anhu. When snake eats it is not like other animals it is not
biting like a lion - it takes everything inside and crushes everything;
crushing bones and crushing the meat and Sayyidina Abu Bakr (r) did not feel
anything of that, out of his love for the Prophet (s). He is thinking “when
that snake finishes eating me, it will eat my Prophet (s).”
At that time a tear came from his eye and dropped on the blessed face of the
Prophet (s). The Prophet (s) woke up and said, “O Abu Bakr do not worry, Allah
is with us.”
Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu said, “O Prophet of Allah (s), I know that
Allah is with us but a snake is eating my leg and when it finishes I am worried
it will come and eat you.”
So Sayyidina Muhammad (s) looked and the snake backed up. Then Prophet (s) took
his saliva and put it on Abu Bakr as-Siddiq’s leg and it was miraculously
restored to what it was before.
Then Prophet (s) said to snake, “Don’t you know that Allah has forbidden snakes
to eat the flesh of prophets and siddiqs, [veracious ones]?
The snake said, “O Prophet (s), I was alive since thousands of years and since
that time, I heard of your name I was yearning to see you. And for that you
came here and as-Siddiq’s leg was blocking me to see you.”
The Prophet (s) said, “Ok, come out.” And that snake looked at the Prophet (s)
and then said shahada and then died.
So look at the wisdom, in that event. That snake wanted to see the Prophet (s).
And Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu was to be tested and Sayyidina Abu Bakr
Radiallahu anhu gave himself to Prophet (s) as Sayyidina `Ali (r) gave his life
to Sayyidina Muhammad (s).
So Prophet (s) then dressed Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu with `uloom
al-awwaleen wal-akhireen – knowledge of the firsts and the lasts. So that is
why we see that 41 tariqats taking from that knowledge of the Prophet (s) and
that is why we seem them, 40 coming from Sayyidina `Ali (r) and one coming from
Sayyidina Abu Bakr.
So that is the need to give oneself in Islam.
Sayyidina al-Husayn Radiallahu anhu was told “why are you going to Baghdad,
they will conspire and kill you?” But he didn’t want to break my promise. He
said, "I am sacrificing myself for benefit of Ummah.” Because the Prophet
Muhammad (s) said that “Al-Hasan and al-Husayn, he said that they are the
leaders of the youths of Paradise.”
If he did not go there and stayed in Makkah, he will not have that problem. He
inherited from Prophet (s) that knowledge. He knows he has to go there and be
killed for the sake of the Ummah.
So what did Sayyidina Husayn do before he died? Awliya confirmed, that
Sayyidina Husayn said, “Ya Rabbee, if they kill me for sake of the whole Ummah
to enter Paradise, I accept to be shaheed. If I take them all to Paradise as
shaheed. I will accept that killing from these people.”
Although who “these people” refers to we cannot say anything about them. That
is why `ulama al-Ummah, the [traditional] scholars say “don’t bring this issue
up.” Because most of them are Sahaaba. You cannot speak about Sahaaba in such a
way. We cannot say anything.
That is why when I am asked to speak on these issues, I don’t like to speak on
it. That issue is a red line; don’t cross it. You side with this one or you
side with that one, but you don’t know where the fire will come on you from.
These are Sahaaba, so you speak only about the mercy of these people... you
just say that Sayyidina al-Husayn Radiallahu anhu gave himself for the benefit
of the Ummah.
So if we keep love of Ahl al-Bayt, as Prophet (s) said,
تركت فيكم ما إن تمسكتم به لن تضلوا كتاب الله وسنتي
“taraktu feekum kitabullah was sunnatee - I left behind me the Holy Qur'an and
the Sunnah.” [al-Bayhaq? in al-Sunan al-kubr?, al-Hakim and Malik in his
Muwatta] And the Prophet (s) said,
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إني قد تركت فيكم ما إن أخذتم به لن تضلوا
بعدي الثقلين أحدهما أكبر من الآخر كتاب الله حبل ممدود من السماء إلى الأرض
وعترتي أهل بيتي ألا وإنهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا علي الحوض
“I am leaving among you that which if you hold to it, you shall never go
astray, one of them greater than the other: Allah's Book?a rope extended down
from the heaven to the earth?and my mantle (`itra), the People of my House...
[al-Tirmidhi (hasan ghar?b) and al-Hakim]
Therefore keep love of the Prophet (s) in your heart, love of the Sunnah in
your heart, love of the Holy Qur’an in your heart, love of the Prophet’s
Companions in your heart, love of Ahl al-Bayt in your heart - that is what is
needed. Otherwise we may have question mark [behind our words and deeds].
Allah give us long life to see Mahdi Alayhissalam, that Prophet (s) said is
coming at end of world. Christians are waiting for Jesus, Sayyidina `Isa, and
Jews waiting for the Messiah and Muslims are waiting for Sayyidina `Isa and
Sayyidina Mahdi Alayhissalam. Prepare yourself, not by concern about how people
are thinking but by being good in the community and extending a hand to
everyone. Bi hurmatil Fatiha.
Wa min Allah at Tawfiq
wasalam, arief hamdani