Apa homo naendertahalensis ini dulu ikut perahu Nabi Nuh?
Orang Islam dan orang Nasrani yang dungu-dungu kayak anjing masih saja pada
bersedia melahap omong kosong dan kibulan yang mereka baca di al-Mushaf dan
Dungu kayak anjing belaka semuanya.
Biodiversity Hotspot Enabled Neanderthals To Survive Longer In South East Of
Present day landscapes of Gibraltar (above) and reconstructed landscapes of
Gibraltar from 30,000 years ago (below). (Credit: Museum of Gibraltar)
ScienceDaily (Feb. 2, 2009) — Over 14,000 years ago during the last Pleistocene
Ice Age, when a large part of the European continent was covered in ice and
snow, Neanderthals in the region of Gibraltar in the south of the Iberian
peninsula were able to survive because of the refugium of plant and animal
biodiversity. Today, plant fossil remains discovered in Gorham's Cave confirm
this unique diversity and wealth of resources available in this area of the
The international team jointly led by Spanish researchers has reconstructed the
landscape near Gorham's Cave in Gibraltar, by means of paleobotanical data
(plant fossil records) located in the geological deposits investigated between
1997 and 2004. The study, which is published in the Quaternary Science Reviews,
also re-examines previous findings relating to the glacial refugia for trees
during the ice age in the Iberian Peninsula.
"The reconstructed landscape shows a wide diversity of plant formations in the
extreme south of the Iberian peninsula from 32,000 to 10,000 years ago," José
S. Carrión explains. He is the principal author and researcher from the
University of Murcia. The most significant finding amongst the steppe
landscape, pine trees, holm oaks, oak trees, deciduous trees, and others, is
the presence of "plant elements indicative of a warm environment," states
This research shows that the plant diversity discovered in the cave is "unique"
in the context of the ice age that affected the entire European continent. The
area of Gibraltar and the adjacent mountain ranges made up a "large refugium
for plant and animal biodiversity during the coldest periods of the Pleistocene
Ice Age" and made it possible for the Neanderthals to survive for 10,000 years
longer than the rest of Europe.
The researchers suggest that the caves situated between the coasts of Malaga
and Gibraltar "represent an area that favours the survival of a large diversity
of environments." The analysis of the refugia in the Peninsula shows that there
were many other places where trees provided a refugium, "but this never
compared to the diversity of species in the south, south west and south east,"
In search of comfort
In Gibraltar, the Neanderthals could have had access to more than 140 caves,
which provided them with a wealth of resources. The research mentions a
corridor along the coasts of the south east of Spain that the Neanderthals
possibly used in order to avoid the steep terrain found in the interior
mountain ranges which had inhospitable climatic conditions during this
The existence of this biodiversity hotspot with a supply of plant and animal
foodstuffs available "would explain the extraordinary endurance of the
Neanderthals in the south west of Europe," emphasizes the researcher. On the
other hand, the Neanderthals in the south of Europe had become adapted to
surroundings that had semi forest vegetation, as well as fishing resources off
the coast, which encouraged their survival.
The inhabitants of Gorham's Cave were omnivorous and ate land mammals (mountain
goats, rabbits, quails, duck and pigeon) and marine foods (monk seals, dolphin,
fish and mussels). They also ate plants and dried fruits such as those found in
the cave that date from 40,000 years ago. They adapted easily to their
environment and took advantage of what this provided.
The paleobotanical data collected by the researchers from the Museum of
Gibraltar, the Catalonian Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution,
the Laboratory of Archaeobotany (CSIC), the University of Wales (United
Kingdom), the University of York (United Kingdom), Pyrenean Institute of
Ecology (CSIS) and the University of Murcia, were obtained by studying carbon
remains and fossilised pollen grains found in the packed sediment in the cave
and in coprolites (fossilised faeces of animals) from hyenas and canids
(wolves, jackals, foxes, etc).
1. Carrión et al. A coastal reservoir of biodiversity for Upper Pleistocene
human populations: palaeoecological investigations in Gorham's Cave (Gibraltar)
in the context of the Iberian Peninsula. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2008; 27
(23-24): 2118 DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.08.016
Adapted from materials provided by Plataforma SINC, via AlphaGalileo.
Email or share this story:
Need to cite this story in your essay, paper, or report? Use one of the
Plataforma SINC (2009, February 2). Biodiversity Hotspot Enabled Neanderthals
To Survive Longer In South East Of Spain. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 3,
2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2009/02/090202140046.htm
Jusfiq Hadjar gelar Sutan Maradjo Lelo
Allah yang disembah orang Islam tipikal dan yang digambarkan oleh al-Mushaf itu
dungu, buas, kejam, keji, ganas, zalim lagi biadab hanyalah Allah fiktif.