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        5.      Feminism, Women in the Workplace, and the Poverty It Created



"A liberated woman is one who has sex before marriage and a job after." - Gloria Steinheim
The Princeton Language Institute. 21st Century Dictionary of Quotations. New York, Bantam Doubleday Dell, 1993




Married Women Entering the Workplace Reduced the "Spending Power" of All Salaries

Year                    1940            1950            2003
-----------------------------------------------------------
Men that Worked 39,496,563      40,174,705      77,714,187
Women that Worked       12,654,256      15,559,454      66,341,379
Number of Workers       52,150,819      55,734,159      144,055,566
Total Population        130,962,661     149,895,183     291,500,000
# people per income     2.51            2.69            2.02
Avg. Salary             $1,299          $2,992          $34,280
-----------------------------------------------------------
"Spending Power"
Adjusted for 1940       - - -           $2,791          $42,595

"Spending Power"
Adjusted for 1950       $1,392          - - -           $45,650

"Spending Power"
Adjusted for 2003       $1,045          $2,246          - - -
-----------------------------------------------------------

If there were the same ratio of workers to non-workers in the US today as there was back in 1950, the "spending power" of the average annual salary in the US would increase by over $10,000 a year.

Due to the change in ratio of workers to non-workers in the US since 1950, the average value of salaries has decreased substantially.



Married Women Entering the Workplace Widened the Disparity in Salaries

"The rich get richer and the poor get poorer." - Proverb

Women in 1960 made roughly 59% of what men made. Today they make roughly 79%. This sounds better but still bad. But, only when one does not realize that all women work today...even the married ones.



SINGLE FATHER HOUSEHOLD - Then (1960)
-----------------------------------------------------
Family                          Single Parent
-----------------------------------------------------
Father = 100% salary            Single Father = 100% salary
Mother = No salary
-----------------------------------------------------
Disparity = 0%



SINGLE MOTHER HOUSEHOLD - Then (1960)
-----------------------------------------------------
Family                          Single Parent
-----------------------------------------------------
Man = 100% salary               Single Mother = 59% salary
Woman = No salary
-----------------------------------------------------
Disparity = 41%



SINGLE FATHER HOUSEHOLD - Now (2004)
-----------------------------------------------------
Family                          Single Parent
-----------------------------------------------------
Father = 100% salary            Single Father = 100% salary
Mother = 79% salary
-----------------------------------------------------
Disparity = 44%



SINGLE MOTHER HOUSEHOLD - Now (2004)
-----------------------------------------------------
Family                          Single Parent
-----------------------------------------------------
Man = 100% salary               Single Mother = 79% salary
Woman = 79% salary
-----------------------------------------------------
Disparity = 56%



It was once bad for women to make only 59% of what men make. It is even worse now when single mothers make only 41% of the average two income household. Putting this in terms of dollars (Assuming a $20,000 salary for the men in each instance).

Income Type             1960                    2003
--------------------------------------------
Family Income           $20,000 (100%)  $35,800 (100%)
Single Father           $20,000 (100%)  $20,000 (56%)
Single Mother           $11,800 (59%)           $15,800 (44%)

Sources
http://www.fiftiesweb.com/pop/info-family.htm
http://www.prb.org/Content/NavigationMenu/PRB/PRB_Home.htm
http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/
http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/decade40.html
http://www.wtv-zone.com/moe/moesboomerabilia/page35.html
The Princeton Language Institute. 21st Century Dictionary of Quotations. New York, Bantam Doubleday Dell, 1993
--
Jonathan Scott
--
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]


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