Patrick Hunt commented on ZOOKEEPER-900:

Flavio, I'd be worried that different tcp stacks might (inter)operate 
differently in practice vs theory.

In general it's pretty tough to get this right - look at all the problems we've 
been having with netcat behavior

Ubuntu recently moved from "traditional" to the newish bsd flavor (supports 
ipv6 natively) of nc and we are back to having issues after having made 
significant changes in 3.3 to fix this (incl a number of tests that simulated 
the nc behavior as closely as we could understand it).

> FLE implementation should be improved to use non-blocking sockets
> -----------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: ZOOKEEPER-900
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/ZOOKEEPER-900
>             Project: Zookeeper
>          Issue Type: Bug
>            Reporter: Vishal K
>            Assignee: Vishal K
>            Priority: Critical
>             Fix For: 3.4.0
> From earlier email exchanges:
> 1. Blocking connects and accepts:
> a) The first problem is in manager.toSend(). This invokes connectOne(), which 
> does a blocking connect. While testing, I changed the code so that 
> connectOne() starts a new thread called AsyncConnct(). AsyncConnect.run() 
> does a socketChannel.connect(). After starting AsyncConnect, connectOne 
> starts a timer. connectOne continues with normal operations if the connection 
> is established before the timer expires, otherwise, when the timer expires it 
> interrupts AsyncConnect() thread and returns. In this way, I can have an 
> upper bound on the amount of time we need to wait for connect to succeed. Of 
> course, this was a quick fix for my testing. Ideally, we should use Selector 
> to do non-blocking connects/accepts. I am planning to do that later once we 
> at least have a quick fix for the problem and consensus from others for the 
> real fix (this problem is big blocker for us). Note that it is OK to do 
> blocking IO in SenderWorker and RecvWorker threads since they block IO to the 
> respective !
> b) The blocking IO problem is not just restricted to connectOne(), but also 
> in receiveConnection(). The Listener thread calls receiveConnection() for 
> each incoming connection request. receiveConnection does blocking IO to get 
> peer's info (s.read(msgBuffer)). Worse, it invokes connectOne() back to the 
> peer that had sent the connection request. All of this is happening from the 
> Listener. In short, if a peer fails after initiating a connection, the 
> Listener thread won't be able to accept connections from other peers, because 
> it would be stuck in read() or connetOne(). Also the code has an inherent 
> cycle. initiateConnection() and receiveConnection() will have to be very 
> carefully synchronized otherwise, we could run into deadlocks. This code is 
> going to be difficult to maintain/modify.
> Also see: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/ZOOKEEPER-822

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