akonsu wrote: > hello, would someone please point me to the right direction? what is > the preferred way to control a zope server programmatically? i need to > be able to administer my zope instance from a script. add users, > change permissions, create new sites, add objects to the sites. there > is webdav, xml-rpc, what else?
Interactively control/inspect/play with the server: <ZOPE_INSTANCE>/bin/zopectl debug Run a script on the server: <ZOPE_INSTANCE>/bin/zopectl run <myscript.py> [args...] There are a few tricks however: 1/ You can't run zopectl debug or zopectl run while you instance is running (as it locks the ZODB). The solution here is to set up a zeo instance (this is really easy), and have 2 zope instances, one serving the web requests, the other being used for debug/run 2/ changes made from the debug interactive shell or a script needs to be explicitely commited. The idiom is: # ... your code here get_transaction.commit() app._p_jar.sync() # app is the root zope object 3/ When accessing your zope server this way, you have the default Anonymous role. If you need Admin privileges (which may well be the case !-), you have to 'log in' by code. Here's a snippet I stoled from I-Can't-Remember-Where-But-Thanks-Anyway(tm) : from AccessControl.SecurityManagement import newSecurityManager def login(app, username): acl = app.acl_users user = acl.getUserById(username) assert user is not None user = user.__of__(acl) newSecurityManager(None, user) login(app, "myadminlogin") 4/ Some Products or methods may need a REQUEST object, which is not provided by default. Here's a way to simulate one: from os import environ from sys import stdin, stdout from ZPublisher.HTTPRequest import HTTPRequest from ZPublisher.HTTPResponse import HTTPResponse from ZPublisher.BaseRequest import RequestContainer from ZPublisher import Publish from thread import get_ident def makerequest(app, stdout=stdout): # copy/hacked from Testing.makerequest resp = HTTPResponse(stdout=stdout) environ['SERVER_NAME']='foo' environ['SERVER_PORT']='80' environ['REQUEST_METHOD'] = 'GET' req = HTTPRequest(stdin, environ, resp) # first put the needed values in the request req['HTTP_ACCEPT_CHARSET'] = 'latin-15' req['HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE'] = 'fr' # etc, just fill what you need in the request # then store the request in Publish._requests # with the thread id id = get_ident() Publish._requests[id] = req # ok, let's wrap and return return app.__of__(RequestContainer(REQUEST = req)) app = makerequest(app) Most - if not everything - of what you do via the ZMI can be done by code. Reading the ZMI and the base Products source code may be a good way to learn the API. > which one is the right way to do it? Depends on your needs. > i am a newbie i hope this is not a frequent question, at least i did > not find an answer in the documentation... This is usually not what newbies starts with !-) And I'm afraid that Zope's documentation is not always that helpful to newbies - not that it's that bad, but documentation, being freely contributed, is not always the strongest point of OSS projects, and Zope is quite a complex application anyway, so it's not easy to document. There again, it's mostly "Use The Code, Luke". HTH -- Bruno Desthuilliers Développeur [EMAIL PROTECTED] _______________________________________________ Zope maillist - Zope@zope.org http://mail.zope.org/mailman/listinfo/zope ** No cross posts or HTML encoding! ** (Related lists - http://mail.zope.org/mailman/listinfo/zope-announce http://mail.zope.org/mailman/listinfo/zope-dev )