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----- Original Message ----- 
Sent: Saturday, December 08, 2001 9:06 PM
Subject: [MLL] Sahdow of Bourgeois Unity Part 1

Comrade Klo,

I am resending this post.  I am not sure if you read it before or not but I 
think it has some relevance to the current dialogue we are engaged in.

I think we need to ask ourselves the question, how do the contradictions of 
capitalism that we face relate to us both locally and internationally?  Also, 
how does this bring relevance to the need for a single Marxist-Leninist 


    As we know, capitalism has no loyalties and extends itself wherever 
maximum profits can be acquired.  It employs whatever tactics necessary to 
accomplish this objective.  Though it may seem that each country has it's own 
peculiar contradictions, which is true, the need, the motivation, the purpose 
of capitalism in order to survive remains the same globally which links us 
together in the struggle to overthrow it.  This survival mode also links the 
advanced capitalist nations together in which they share many similarities.  
The fact that each country (Canada, Britiain, US) is an advanced capitalist 
system creates the strategies for the acquisition of these super-profits 
which show their similarities...almost as if the 3 countries are operating in 
100% cohesion as a single imperialistic entity.  We know however, that there 
are divisions between them caused by the unequal development of capitalism.  
Although each country struggles for its own survival, they do agree to 
certain policies of cooperation which in turn creates a weak unity of 
imperialism in order to expand the exploitation of nations, their people, 
their wealth as well as their dignity. 

    The greatest issue of our time is this international struggle between 
imperialism in all its many forms and those who are victimized by it and 
determined to overthrow it.  All other struggles are related to this.  The 
battle is engaged and will continue to grow and we are all participants in 
this struggle. 

    The US is not the only imperialist country but it does provide the main 
strength and sustaining force of imperialism throughout the world.  Even so, 
the US is increasingly experiencing severe crisis.  Imperialism is a system 
that directly impinges on and degrades the dignity and livelihood of millions 
of people.  It is more than a rich country exploiting a poor country.  It is 
a social system that encompasses exploitation, violence, a discriminitory way 
of looking at people. The ghettos of America, racial injustice, the blatant 
inequalities that exist, the dehumanization of our industrial society are the 
very same concomitants of imperialism as was aparthied in South Africa or the 
needless slaughter of villagers in Vietnam. 

    As we know, imperialism has become global in its character.  The 
domination of one empire over another has been a feature throughout history.  
The dominant empires all exercised control over people outside of their 
borders with the intent of looting gold and other precious minerals.  Today, 
the characteristic of imperialism has as its emphasis, a different sort of 
pillage of wealth through unequal trade and investment, backed up by 
political, economic and military domination and intervention.  In the modern 
world, Britain became the first to really apply its imperialism on an 
international scale and dwarfed all other empires.  There are numerous 
factors that made Britiain so profitable and I think they can be narrowed 
down to 4 that are closely related:  1.  the new technology of the industrial 
revolution 2. the availability of an abundant supply of cheap labor  3.  the 
accumulation of capital  4.  The development of foreign markets. 

    WWI and WWII ushered in the decline of Britain as the leading imperialist 
country and her rival, the US took the lead. 


    Capitalism came to a virgin and unspoiled continent and has since 
ravished it.  The American revolutionist, Thomas Paine said, "we have it in 
our power to begin the world over again."  The US was founded openly on the 
right of rebellion, the right of revolution, on the proposition that a people 
may legitimately abolish their existing government, if necessary by force and 
institute a new one.  The principles voiced by the American colonists were 
and still are explosive: all men are created equal, all men have a right to 
life, liberty and happiness, the purpose of government is to safeguard these 
rights, the people are the soveriegn - government is the people's servant and 
not their master.  This revolutionary message  was not a socialist one but a 
bourgeois-democratic ideal.  It represented the most optimistic thinking of 
that time. 


    This American Dream seemed real enough for many but they did not realize 
that it was flawed from the beginning.  A society built on the principle of 
human equality cannot at the same time be a slave socitey and cannot condone 
the ruthless slaughter of the native Indian.  It is also impossible for human 
equality when the means of production remain in private hands which creates 
neo-slavery.The social history of the US is the story of the growing 
disparity between the hope and the promise, and the exploiters.   

    As the mercantile class grew more powerful, as industry expanded and the 
country became more capitalistic, the same features that characterized the 
industrial revolution and growth of British imperialism appeared in the US. 
What Britian did to the natives in her colonies, the US was doing to the 
natives of her internal colonies - slaves, Indians and immigrants.  The 
economy of the South was based on slave labor.  Land grabbers moved west 
exterminating the Indians.  In the expanding cities of New York, Pittsburgh 
and Chicago, the same exploitation of workers was found as in London, 
Manchester and Sheffield. The 14 hour work day under unspeakable conditions, 
the same slums, the inhumane exploitation of child labor.  Thousands died 
from malnutrition, TB and over-work.  Every effort was made to prevent the 
workers from mobilizing their collective power.  Unions were illegal, strikes 
forbidden and when they did happen, they were forcibly ended by military 
action.  Those attempting to organize the workers were arrested and 
imprisoned.  Even in 1890 the New York Tribune referred to the organizers as 
"communist agitators." 


    Industrialization in the US started slow at first but by 1820 the steady 
arrival of immigrants began and numerous factories were established.  
Thousands of Mexicans, Chinese and Filipinos were imported to build the 
railroads.  The northern industrialists wanted freedom for the slaves, not 
because they opposed slavery, but because they needed a huge pool of 
propertyless and unorganized labor.  It was this clash between northern 
capitalists and southern plantation owners in regard to cheap labor that was 
one of the root causes of the Civil War. 

    Large scale production became possible because of the Civil War and the 
placement of government contracts so industrialization spread rapidly.  The 
Civil War not only hastened the development of industrialization but also 
accelerated the accumulation and centralization of capital.  In 1860 interest 
paid by the government to the banks was $3.2 million; 1865 - $77.4 million; 
1870 - $129.2 million....all this interest was paid to the banks on money 
that they themselves created.   

    I should clarify here that before the Civil War, the states held to the 
"free banking rule."  This meant that almost anyone could open a bank and 
issue money they created.  It wasn't until 1863 that President Lincoln urged 
the passage of the National Bank Act which would impose federal regulations 
on private banks and place the printing of currency in control of the federal 
government.  At this same time, the industrialists were merging into giant 
trusts and were closely linked to and financed by the bankers.  Industry 
continued to centralize until a small number of monopolies controlled an 
increasing share of production.  As we know, this collusion resulted in the 
entire economy and direction of national policies coming under the influence 
of a very small segment of people. 


    Wars for colonies and markets are not accidental, they are an inherent 
and an inesacpable feature of capitalism in its highest stage of imperialism. 
 The defeat of Germany in WWI only set the stage for WWII.  Germany was an 
imperialist country without an empire and needed to expand realizing that its 
ambitions could only result through war.  Even though there were rivalries 
between Germany and the allies, they all had one objective in common - to 
weaken and destroy the Soviet Union through war.  The allies hoped to 
manuever Germany into war with the USSR.   

    A "wait and see policy" was adopted by Senator Harry S. Truman and 
expressed in the New York Times 24 July 1941:  If we see that Germany is 
winning we ought to help Russia, and if Russia is winning we ought to help 
Germany, and in that way let them kill as many as possible."   

    Stalin was also aware of this strategy and in a speech to the 18th 
Congress of the Communist Party in March 1939 stated:  "The policy of 
non-intervention reveals an eagerness, a desire, not to hinder Japan say, 
from embroiling herself in a war with China, or, better still, with the 
Soviet Union; not to hinder Germany, say, from enmeshing herself in European 
affairs, from embroiling herself in a war with the Soviet Union; to allow all 
the belligerants to sink deeply into the mire of war, to weaken and exhaust 
one another; and then, when they have become weak enough, appear on the scene 
with fresh strength, to appear, of course, in the interests of peace, and to 
dictate conditions to the enfeebled belligerants.  Cheap and easy!" 

    As we know, this was precisely the strategy that the US used. Germany was 
devastated.  The USSR lost 30 million people and most of its industrial areas 
were destroyed.  The allies lost 45 million people, the US lost 296 thousand 


    There are many forms of imperialism but with direct military invasion the 
world knows about it immediately.  Economic invasion, on the other hand is 
silent, invisible and for the most part undramatic and relatively 
un-newsworthy.  It is generally accomplished so gradually that most people 
aren't even aware that it is taking place.   

    John Foster Dulles, former CIA Director stated : "There are 2 ways of 
conquering a foreign nation.  One is to gain control of its people by force 
of arms; the other is to gain control of its economy by financial means." He 
would know as his family was a stockholder in the bloody and repressive 
United Fruit Company.  One of the tactics of US imperialism aside from 
"investment" is through the use of "aid."  This policy of foreign aid is not 
a mindless giveaway program or an act of generosity on the part of the 
capitalists.  It serves one objective - to serve American economic, political 
and military interests in order to assure its survival. 

    The Marshall Plan was the first major "foreign aid" project. Of the $50 
billion spent, 90% was spent on "military aid."  It was used for military 
equipment and to prop up the military budget for military readiness against 
communism.  From 1949-1966, the US exported $4 billion more in armaments that 
it spent on all the grants, loans and other aid programs.  According to the 
New York Times, 19 July 1967 only "1/2 of 1% of all foreign aid funds has 
been spent on technical assistance in the fields of training, health, 
education and welfare." 

    In 1963, President Kennedy revealed that over 80% of the "foreign aid" 
was spent on US products.  The loan contracts stipulated that all of the 
equipment purchased must be bought in the US.  Materials and labor was 
allowed to be purchased locally.  Then, in 1968 an "additionality clause" was 
added requiring that the entire amount had to be spent on US goods.  A New 
York Times article of  6 Feb 1969 states that these goods "must come from a 
list of US products that are doing badly in international commerce.  
Generally, the reason the products are doing so badly is that they are more 
expensive than similar Japanese or European items." 

    Another stranglehold is the control of local economies by the 
accumulation of the local currency.  Most of the agricultural surplus 
products shipped to the recipient country is sold and the income from the 
sales returns to the US.  The US then uses this money to pay for any US 
expenses and the rest is "loaned" back.  This "loan" must be repaid with 


    The greatest threat to US imperialism in the under-developed countries is 
the growing political awareness of the poor and exploited people of these 
countries and their growing resistance to their oppressive conditions.  In 
order to maintain an undisturbed "investment" the recipient country must 
maintain their social structure. Therefore, it is in the economic interest of 
US capitalism to keep the local elites in power or replace them with tyrannts 
that will cave in to US conditions.  The most repressive means is through 
military aid which is used to coerce the foreign country into allowing the US 
to build military bases and conduct "training." 

    As Secretary of Defense, Robert S. McNamara told a Congressional 
Committee what he considered a threat:  "The Tricontinental Congress and the 
efforts of Latin American communist parties to create broad popular 
anti-imperialist fronts, while continuing to penetrate student and other 
intellectual groups, to control organized labor and to organize the 
peasants." In his testimony before the House of Representatives, committee on 
Foreign Affairs, regarding the Hearings on the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1967, he further stated:  "The need to counter these threats by appropriate 
means is the basis upon which the fiscal year 1968 military assistance 
programs for Latin American countries are predicated.  More specifically, the 
primary objective in Latin America is to aid, where necessary, in the 
continental development of indigenous military and paramilitary forces 
capable of providing in conjunction with police and other security forces, 
the needed domestic security."   

    He also stated:  "Probably the greatest return on our military assistance 
investment comes from the training of selected officers and key specialists 
at our military schools in the United States and overseas. These students are 
hand-picked by their countries to become instructors when they return home.  
They are the coming leaders, the men who will have the know-how and impart it 
to their forces.  I need not dwell upon the value of having in positions of 
leadership men who have first-hand knowledge of how Americans do things and 
how they think.  It is beyond price to us to make friends of such men."   

    In other words, the capitalists must be prepared to suppress the growing 
political resistance towards capitalism.  Capitalism can only be defended by 
military superiority and elitism.  The American bourgeoisie having achieved 
their ends through revolution now deplore the very idea of revolution and is 
now the great defender of the "status-quo."  It has denounced revolution and 
it's very own Constitution and Declaration of Independence and is prepared to 
suppress revolution in whatever part of the world it may appear. 

    The capitalist system cannot survive without violence just the same as 
the slave states couldn't remain in control without repressive restraints 
forced on the slaves.  Violence lies at the very heart of the bourgeois 
illusion of "freedom."  Capitalism will, therefore, never submit quietly to 
its own overthrow but will use every available means to defend itself.  An 
example of this is how the capitalists are using the alarm of rising crime to 
justify their preparations against political unrest in the US.  This 
preparation, motivated by the Viet Nam war protests is described in an 
Associated Press article of 15 Feb 1968,  "The army is stockpiling riot 
control equipment in strategically located depots across the country, 
officials said today, and is ready to airlift it to any city if civil 
disorders break out...Army and National Guard officials said their planning 
has been extensive as well as diverse, ranging from obtaining maps of subway, 
sewer, water and electrical systems in potential trouble spots to preparing 
menus for mobilized national guardsmen.  In city after city across America, 
the police are stockpiling armored vehicles, helicopters, high powered 

    This AP article is supported by President Johnson's Executive Order 11365 
of 29 July 1967 and the Department of Defense Civil Disturbance Plan 55-2 
which is code named "Operation Garden Plot."  This originated in 1968 and has 
been continually upgraded in the recent US Air Force Civil Distrubance Plan 
55-2, Garden Plot of 1/6/84 and the Department of Defense Directive 3025.12, 
Military Assistance For Civil Disturbances (MACDIS) 1/2/94. All of which I 
might add is in complete violation of the US Constitution and Posse Comitatus 
Act that prohibits the use of the military in civil law enforcement.   

    Of such stuff is fascism made.  Fascism is one of the many forms which 
capitalism takes as the situations demands.  Fascism involves repression.  It 
serves the interests of capitalism by acquiring a mass base through 
demogoguery.  Fascism is a form used by weak capitalist regimes or an 
imperialism in deep crisis.  Its chauvinist and racist slogan are designed to 
mobilize the bourgeois controlled minds to accept the policies of the State, 
to concentrate hatreds upon the minorities and to divide the workers from 
their fellow workers abroad.  It does all of this with the objective of 
weakening the power of the working class and its revolution.   

    I believe that the US is heading for diasaster.  It has displayed its 
fascist violence time and again.  Ask the Branch Dividians of Waco, TX; ask 
the members of AIM (American Indian Movement); ask the parents of the 4 slain 
Kent State University students; ask Mumia Abu Jamal.  Within the context of 
capitalism we must decide the issue of violence.  There is no middle ground 
here.  We either submit to the violence of fascism that the capitalists use 
against us or the violence that capitalism forces us into to overthrow this 
putrid system of exploitation and degradation. 

    Capitalism has failed to provide the foundation of a society capable of 
promoting the unity, health and the happy development of its citizens.  
Capitalism stands condemned by the very nature of society in the country that 
most loudly extolls its virtues - the USA. 

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