Hello,

we (at braiins systems/slushpool) would like to kindly re-open the
topic of stratum protocol extension that has been in fact implemented by
quite a few pools already (including us). This extension
currently allows configuring the stratum session for version rolling
and enables a generic mechanism for requesting protocol
extensions from the miners. More details are in the specification
below. 

I am aware of LukeJr's comments on why we haven't used
https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Stratum_mining_protocol#mining.capabilities_.28DRAFT.29

We are aware that there has been some academic work done on
concentrating full stratum protocol specs in one BIP as referred here
e.g.
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/bitcoin-dev/2018-February/015728.html

Below is a copy of a full extension draft that has been published at
this URL:
https://github.com/slushpool/stratumprotocol/blob/master/stratum-extensions.mediawiki


We should probably join the effort and unify all the documents in one
single BIP if that would be seen as the most efficient way of having
the specs.


Kind regards,

Jan

<pre>
  BIP: ????
  Layer: Applications
  Title: Stratum protocol extensions
  Author: Pavel Moravec <pavel.mora...@braiins.cz>
          Jan Capek <jan.ca...@braiins.cz>
  Comments-Summary: No comments yet.
  Comments-URI: https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/wiki/Comments:BIP-????
  Status: Draft
  Type: Informational
  Created: 2018-03-10
  License: BSD-3-Clause
           CC0-1.0
</pre>

==Abstract==

This BIP provides a generic mechanism for specifying stratum protocol
extensions. At the same time, one of the important extensions that is
specified by this BIP is configuration of bits for "version rolling"
in nVersion field of bitcoin block header.

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.

==Motivation==

The initial motivation for specifying some general support for stratum
protocol extensions was a need to allow miners to do so called
"version rolling", changing value in the first field of the Bitcoin
block header.

Version rolling is backwards incompatible change to the stratum protocol
because the miner couldn't communicate different block version value to
the server in the original version of the stratum protocol. Similarly,
a server couldn't communicate safe bits for rolling to a miner. So
both miners and pools need to implement some protocol extension to
support version rolling.

Typically, if a miner sends an unknown message to a server, the server
closes the connection (not all implementations do that but some
do). So it is not very safe to try to send unknown messages to
servers.

We can use this opportunity to make one backwards incompatible
change to the protocol to support multiple extensions in the
future. In a way that a miner can advertise its capabilities and at
the same time it can request some needed features from the server.

It is preferable that the same mechanism for feature negotiation can
be used for not yet known features. It SHOULD be easy to implement in
the mining software too.

We introduce one new message to the stratum protocol
('''"mining.configure"''') which handles the initial
configuration/negotiation of features in a generic way. So that adding
features in the future can be done without a necessity to add new
messages to stratum protocol.

Each extension has its unique string name, so called '''extension
code'''.


==Specification==
Currently, the following extensions are defined:

* '''"version-rolling"'''
* '''"minimum-difficulty"'''
* '''"subscribe-extranonce"'''


===Additional data types===

The following names are used as type aliases, making the message
description easier.

* '''TMask''' - case independent hexadecimal string of length 8,
  encoding an unsigned 32-bit integer (~<code>[0-9a-fA-F]{8}</code>)

* '''TExtensionCode''' - non-empty string with a value equal to the
  name of some protocol extension.

* '''TExtensionResult''' - <code>true</code> / <code>false</code> /
  ''String''. ** <code>true</code> = The requested feature is supported
  and its configuration understood and applied. ** <code>false</code> =
  The feature is not supported or unknown. ** ''String'' = Error
  message containing information about what went wrong.


===Request "mining.configure"===

This message (JSON RPC Request) SHOULD be the '''first message''' sent
by the miner after the connection with the server is established. The
client uses the message to advertise its features and to request/allow
some protocol extensions.

The reason for it being the first is that we want the implementation and
possible interactions to be as easy and simple as possible. An extension
can define explicitly what does a repeated configuration of that
extension mean.

Each extension code provides a namespace for its extension parameters
and extension return values. By convention, the names are formed from
extension codes by adding "." and a parameter name. The same applies
for the return values, which are transferred in a result map
too. E.g. "version-rolling.mask" is the name of the parameter "mask" of
extension "version-rolling".

'''Parameters''':

* '''extensions''' (REQUIRED, List of ''TExtensionCode'')
::- Each string in the list MUST be a valid extension code. The meaning
  of each code is described independently as part of the extension
  definition. A miner SHOULD advertise all its available features.

* '''extension-parameters''' (REQUIRED, ''Map of (String -> Any)'')
::- Parameters of the requested/allowed extensions from the first
  parameter.


'''Return value''':

* ''Map of (String -> Any)''
::- Each code from the '''extensions''' list MUST have a defined return
  value (''TExtensionCode'' -> ''TExtensionResult''). This way the
  miner knows if the extension is activated or not. E.g.
  <code>{"version-rolling":false}</code> for unsupported version
  rolling. ::- Some extensions need additional information to be
  delivered to the miner. The return value map is used for this purpose.


Example request (new-lines added):

<pre>
 {"method": "mining.configure",
  "id": 1,
  "params": [["minimum-difficulty", "version-rolling"],
             {"minimum-difficulty.value": 2048,
              "version-rolling.mask": "1fffe000",
"version-rolling.min-bit-count": 2}]} </pre>

(The miner requests extensions <code>"version-rolling"</code> and
<code>"minimum-difficulty"</code>. It sets the parameters according to
the extensions' definitions.)

Example result (new-lines added):

<pre>
 {"error": null,
  "id": 1,
  "result": {"version-rolling": true,
             "version-rolling.mask": "18000000",
             "minimum-difficulty": true}}
</pre>

=Defined extensions=

==Extension "version-rolling"==

This extension allows the miner to change the value of some bits in the
version field in the block header. Currently there are no standard bits
used for version rolling so they need to be negotiated between a
miner and a server.

A miner sends the server a mask describing bits which the miner is
capable of changing. 1 = changeable bit, 0 = not changeable
(<code>miner_mask</code>) and a minimum number of bits that it needs
for efficient version rolling.

A server typically allows you to change only some of the version bits
(<code>server_mask</code>) and the rest of the version bits are
fixed. E.g. because the block needs to be valid or some signaling is
in place.

The server responds to the configuration message by sending a mask
with common bits intersection of the miner's mask and its a mask
(<code>response = server_mask & miner_mask</code>)

Example request (a miner capable of changing any 2 bits from a 16-bit
mask):

 {"method": "mining.configure", "id": 1, "params":
 [["version-rolling"], {"version-rolling.mask": "1fffe000",
 "version-rolling.min-bit-count": 2}]}


Example result (success):

 {"error": null, "id": 1, "result": {"version-rolling": true,
 "version-rolling.mask": "18000000"}}


Example result (unknown extension):

 {"error": null, "id": 1, "result": {"version-rolling": false}}


'''Extension parameters''':

* '''"version-rolling.mask"''' (OPTIONAL, ''TMask'', default value
  <code>"ffffffff"</code>) ::- Bits set to 1 can be changed by the
  miner. This value is expected to be stable for the whole mining
  session. A miner doesn't have to send the mask, in this case a
  default full mask is used.

'''Extension return values''':

* '''"version-rolling"''' (REQUIRED, ''TExtensionResult'')
::- When responded with <code>true</code>, the server will accept new
  parameter of '''"mining.submit"''', see later.

* '''"version-rolling.mask"''' (REQUIRED, ''TMask'')
::- Bits set to 1 are allowed to be changed by the miner. If a miner
  changes bits with mask value 0, the server will reject the
  submit. ::- The server SHOULD return the largest mask possible (as
  many bits set to 1 as possible). This can be useful in a mining proxy
  setup when a proxy needs to negotiate the best mask for its future
  clients. There is a [Draft
  BIP](https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/pull/661/files) describing
  available nVersion bits. The server SHOULD pick a mask that
  preferably covers all bits specified in the BIP.

* '''"version-rolling.min-bit-count"''' (REQUIRED, ''TMask'')
::- The miner also provides a minimum number of bits that it needs for
  efficient version rolling in hardware. Note that this parameter
  provides important diagnostic information to the pool server. If the
  requested bit count exceeds the limit of the pool server, the miner
  always has the chance to operate in a degraded mode without using
  full hashing power. The pool server SHOULD NOT terminate miner
  connection if this rare mismatch case occurs.

===Notification '''"mining.set_version_mask"'''===

Server notifies the miner about a new mask valid for the
connection. This message can be sent at any time after the successful
setup of the version rolling extension by the "mining.configure"
message. The new mask is valid '''immediately''', so that the server
doesn't wait for the next job.


'''Parameters''':

* ''mask'' (REQUIRED, ''TMask''): The meaning is the same as the
  '''"version-rolling.mask"''' return parameter.

Example:

 {"params":["00003000"], "id":null, "method": "mining.set_version_mask"}


===Changes in request '''"mining.submit"'''===

Immediately after successful activation of the version-rolling extension
(result to '''"mining.configure"''' sent by server), the server MUST
accept an additional parameter of the message '''"mining.submit"'''.
The client MUST send one additional parameter, '''version_bits''' (6th
parameter, after ''worker_name'', ''job_id'', ''extranonce2'',
''ntime'' and ''nonce'').


'''Additional parameters''':

* ''version_bits'' (REQUIRED, ''TMask'') - Version bits set by miner.
::- Miner can set only bits corresponding to the set bits in the last
  received mask from the server either as response to
  "mining.configure" or "mining.set_version_mask" notification
  (<code>last_mask</code>). This must hold: version_bits & ~last_mask
  ==  0 ::- The server computes ''nVersion'' for the submit as follows:
  nVersion = (job_version & ~last_mask) | (version_bits & last_mask)
  where <code>job_version</code> is the block version sent to miner as
  part of job with id <code>job_id</code>.

==Extension "minimum-difficulty"==

This extension allows miner to request a minimum difficulty for the
connected machine. It solves a problem in the original stratum
protocol where there is no way how to communicate hard limit of the
connected device.

'''Extension parameters''':
* '''"minimum-difficulty.value"''' (REQUIRED, ''Integer/Float'', >= 0)
::- The minimum difficulty value acceptable for the miner/connection.
The value can be 0 for essentially disabling the feature.

'''Extension return values''':
* '''"minimum-difficulty"''' (REQUIRED, ''TExtensionResult'')
::- Whether the minimum difficulty was accepted or not.
::- This extension can be configured multiple times by calling
"mining.configure" with "minimum-difficulty" code again.


==Extension "subscribe-extranonce"==

Parameter-less extension. Miner advertises its capability of receiving
message '''"mining.set_extranonce"''' message (useful for hash rate
routing scenarios).

==Extension "info"==

Miner provides additional text-based information.

'''Extension parameters''':
* '''"info.connection-url"''' (OPTIONAL, ''String'')
::- Exact URL used by the mining software to connect to the stratum
server.

* '''"info.hw-version"''' (OPTIONAL, ''String'')
::- Manufacturer specific hardware revision string.

* '''"info.sw-version"''' (OPTIONAL, ''String'')
::- Manufacturer specific software version

* '''"info.hw-id"''' (OPTIONAL, ''String'')
::- Unique  identifier of the mining device

==Copyright==

This document is dual licensed as BSD 3-clause, and Creative Commons
CC0 1.0 Universal.


-- 
CEO Braiins Systems | Slushpool.com
email: jan.ca...@braiins.cz
http://braiins.cz
http://slushpool.com

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