Celtic and Old English Saints 10 October

* St. Paulinus of York
* St. Patrician of Scotland

St. Paulinus of York, Bishop
Born c. 584; died at Rochester, England, 644. In 601, Saint Paulinus
was sent as a missionary from Rome to England by Pope Saint Gregory I
(f.d. September 3) with Saints Mellitus (f.d. April 24) and Justus (f.d.
November 10). There they assisted Saint Augustine (f.d. May 27) by
evangelising in Kent for 24 years.

He was consecrated bishop of York in 625 by Justus, then accompanied
Saint Ethelburga (f.d. April 5), daughter of King
Ethelbert of Kent, to Northumbria as her chaplain when she married Edwin
of Northumbria. Saint Bede tells us that two years later (627) Paulinus
baptized King Saint Edwin (f.d. October 12) on Easter Eve in York,
bringing Christianity to Northumbria. (A much less reliable source, the
Welsh Nennius, ascribes Edwin's baptism to a Welsh priest.) Paulinus and
his assistants baptized thousands, who followed their king into

Saint Paulinus, described as a tall, dark man, "of venerable and
awe-inspiring appearance," followed up Edwin's baptism with a series of
missionary journeys over a wide area. He reached as far north as
Lincoln. During the last year's of Edwin's reign, there was such peace
and order in his dominions that a proverb arose: A woman could carry
her new-born baby across the island from sea to sea and suffer no harm
(Bede). But the peace did not last for long.

Pope Saint Honorius I (f.d. September 30) recognised Paulinus as
archbishop of York, but before the letter arrived the first
missionary efforts in Northumbria had ended. When Edwin was slain by
the pagan Mercian Cadwallon at the Battle of Hatfield Chase in 633,
Northumbria reverted to paganism. Paulinus returned to Kent by sea with
Ethelburga, her two children, and Edwin's grandson Osfrid. He left his
deacon James to conduct the missionary efforts to the best of his
ability in difficult circumstances. Paulinus was named administrator of
the vacant see of Rochester, administered it for 10 years (Attwater,
Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia).

Service to our Holy Father Paulinus, Bishop of York

Generally, Paulinus is depicted as an archbishop baptizing King Saint
Edwin (Roeder).

St. Patrician of Scotland, Bishop
5th century. Saint Patrician was driven from his Scottish see by
heathen invaders. He lived out the rest of his days on the Isle of Man

Troparion of St Patrician Tone 1
Driven from the See in Strathclyde by the Saxon hordes,/ thou wast
sheltered by the Manx people/ to whom thou didst preach the life-giving
Gospel of Christ,/ O Hierarch Patrician./ In thy patience and love for
all, remember those who now cry to thee/ and beseech Christ our God that
He will save our souls.


Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
Penguin Books.

Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
(1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints.
New York: Doubleday Image.

Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, September. (1966).
Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

Roeder, Helen. (1955). Saints and Their Attributes:
With a Guide to Localities and Patronage.
Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.

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