Gerald Harp <[EMAIL PROTECTED] responded:
>In a message dated 1/1/99 9:44:44 PM Eastern Standard Time, [EMAIL PROTECTED]
>> Other persons with offices there, according to the
>>  1956 Dallas City Directory, included George DeMohrenschildt, Suite
>Linda, is this the guy who turned out to be a sort of facilitator for Lee
>Harvey Oswald?

DeMohrenschildt, who was a petroleum geologist, was well acquainted with a
number of people involved in the oil industry, including George Bush.  I
will attach a brief excerpt of some of his involvements.


Zapata Petroleum was first formed in 1953.  By his own account, George Bush moved to 
Houston at a point in 1959 when Zapata Petroleum spun off its subsidiary, Zapata 
Off-Shore [ZOS], each corporation buying out the other's interest. The initial 
investors in the parent corporation were procured by Brown Brothers, Harriman (whom 
George represented) and by Gulf Oil (whose agents were Bill and Hugh Liedtke).  The 
Liedtkes' father was the  Oklahoma general counsel to the Mellons' Gulf Oil Corp.
As a member of Houston's petroleum community, Bush made contact with other members of 
the same "investment" class of businessmen, including:  (1) W.S. Farish-an heir to a 
fortune in Standard Oil of New Jersey and Sears Roebuck stock-invested through his 
family's investment banks-as well as connected by marriage to Houston's famous Rice 
family, Howard Hughes, and the Neuhaus family who controlled the investments of 
multi-millionaire oilman Hugh Cullen; (2) James A. Baker III-whose family of 
lawyer/bankers had created and controlled the Rice University endowment, and set up 
the law firm of Baker & Botts; Baker became a partner at the firm of Andrews, Kurth, 
which was set up by attorney Frank Andrews-long-time lawyer for the railroads which 
consolidated to form the Atkinson, Topeka and Santa Fe.  Andrews had been the family 
attorney for Howard Hughes, Sr. And also advised Howard Jr. in the making of his will 
at age 19 when he married the niece of W.S. Farish's wife.  Hughes' mother's sister 
married Dr. Fred Lummis, whose mother was a sister of Farish's wife. 
Zapata Offshore set up its headquarters in the Houston Club Building, the building 
which also housed the offices of investor W.S. Farish III of Underwood Neuhaus & Co.  
After the split from the Liedtkes' company, Bush entered into a joint venture with 
Jorge Diaz Serrano in a Mexican drilling company called Permargo, which received 
lucrative contracts from Pemex.  Permargo had been founded by Edwin Pauley, whom FDR 
had named to be Secretary of the Navy, but whose appointment was blocked by the 
Senate.1  Instead, Pauley went to Mexico City, where he worked with George Bush and 
other associates during the years preceding the Bay of Pigs operation (the code name 
of which was "Operation Zapata").  Serrano left Permargo to become head of Pemex in 
1975, but in 1983 was convicted of defrauding the Mexican government.2  Jonathan 
Kwitny, the investigative reporter checking into the story, discovered that Zapata's 
corporate records from 1960 to 1966, stored at the SEC, had been "inadvertently 
destroyed" shortly after Bush became U.S. Vice-President.3
1.  Dresser Industries
  In 1961 Zapata Offshore joined a consortium with Dresser Industries4 and General 
Dynamics to bid on the Mohole Project, which was awarded to Brown & Root.5   In 1950 
Dresser Industries had relocated its headquarters to Dallas with a large branch office 
in Houston-the center of the oil and gas industry.  Before the 1961 bid Dresser  had 
rejected the opportunity to acquire Brown & Root, whose chairman, Herman Brown, was 
the organizer of Houston's own political action committee; Herman's brother George R. 
Brown, was for many years head of the Rice Institute board of governors and was Lyndon 
Johnson's biggest contributor and fund-raiser.  The Rice board controlled the assets 
and companies of Howard Hughes, not the least important of which was the patent for 
the three-cone rolling cutter rock bit.  According to the history of Dresser, written 
by Darwin Payne:
A lawyer and inventor named Howard R. Hughes, father of an even more famous son who by 
now had expanded the family enterprises into the motion picture and aircraft 
industries, had invented this unique bit, with three revolving cutting elements, 
before World War I.  It was one of the most important contributions of the century to 
the art of drilling.  The company he formed, Hughes Tool Company, now controlled some 
80 percent of the bit business.  Dresser inquired into the possibility of acquiring 
the company, sought persistently but in vain to win an audience with the younger 
Hughes, and finally realized that the firm was not available under any circumstances.  
Neither was the second most important company in the field, Reed Roller Bit, although 
a deal had seemed imminent until its principal owner balked at the last moment.6

2.  W.S. Farish III
So Dresser had to settle for the third company, a small one in Whittier, California.  
Reed Roller Bit, incidentally, was also controlled by the same group in control of the 
Hughes empire-the Rice and Farish families in Houston, whose lawyers were the Bakers.  
The patent for the Reed bit was filed in 1913, and the company which manufactured it 
was begun four years later by Niels Esperson and one other stockholder.  All the stock 
was purchased in 1925 by a syndicate formed by Stephen Farish, brother of W.S. 
Farish.7  Prior to the investment in Reed Roller Bit, Steve Farish had formed Navarro 
Oil Co., which was sold in 1945 to Continental Oil Co.  Steve Farish was married to 
Lottie Baldwin Rice, sister of Kate Rice Neuhaus and cousin of Libbie Rice Farish.
With Zapata Offshore as a cover, Bush could easily have been working as a covert 
intelligence operative during the 1960s.  One declassified document which evidences 
that is a November 29, 1963 memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to the Director of the 
Bureau of Intelligence and Research at the U.S. State Department for the purpose of 
relaying information regarding the reaction of the anti-Casto Cuban community in 
Florida to the John Kennedy assassination.  The memo states as follows:
An informant who has furnished reliable information in the past and who is close to a 
small pro-Castro group in Miami has advised that these individuals are afraid that the 
assassination of the President may result in strong repressive measures being taken 
against them and, although pro-Castro in their feelings, regret the assassination.
The substance of the foregoing information was orally furnished to Mr. George Bush of 
the Central Intelligence Agency and Captain William Edwards of the Defense 
Intelligence Agency on November 23, 1963, by Mr. W. T. Forsyth of this Bureau.8

3.  United Fruit Company
Bush soon made contacts with Houston politicos, and, even though he says he was 
invited by George Brown to run as a Democrat for U.S. Senate in 1964, his picture was 
printed in the Houston Chronicle on March 21, 1963 as "County G.O.P. Leader."  He ran 
as a Republican against Democratic Senator Ralph Yarborough that November.9   
Defeated, he resigned in February 1966 as chairman and CEO of Zapata to run for 
Congress full-time.
At the end of 1976 Zapata Off-Shore was still an independently owned subsidiary of 
Zapata Corporation, but apparently there were plans in the works to merge back into 
the parent during 1977.10  The Liedtke brothers had by then bought Pennzoil, which was 
still separate from Zapata Offshore.11  It is impossible to tell from reading the SEC 
reports whether Bush retained his stock in Zapata and, if so, how much he had.  It is 
clear from newspaper articles, however, in what direction Zapata was moving by 1968.  
According to a January 20, 196912 Houston Chronicle article by Albert T. Collins, 
Zapata Norness, Inc. (formerly Zapata Off-Shore) had been seeking to acquire United 
Fruit Co. stock by offering to exchange one share of convertible stock for every share 
of United Fruit stock tendered to it. A competing offer to purchase stock had been 
made by AMK Corp., which was recommended by officers of the fruit company.  The 
following week, after Zapata had already received almost 31,000 shares, AMK Corp.'s 
chairman, E.M. Black, and Zapata Norness reached an agreement whereby AMK would pay 
Zapata $3.8 million to withdraw from competition for United Fruit.  AMK would buy all 
United Fruit stock which Zapata had purchased, in cash up to $3 million and would 
execute a promissory note for any amount in excess of the $3 million, payable at 
6-7/8% interest in 10 equal annual installments.  
To understand the significance of this purchase it is necessary to take a closer look 
at Dresser Industries.  The Harriman crew had installed Yale Skull and Bones 
colleague, Neil Mallon, as president of Dresser, when he "coincidentally" appeared in 
town for a visit after spending six months skiing in the "European Alps."  (He was 
more likely taking lessons from Swiss banking experts.)  Mallon's  grandfather had 
been a Cincinnati judge, his father a lawyer  with connections to President Taft.   
Mallon himself had an abiding interest in world cooperation-active in Cleveland's 
Council on World Affairs while Dresser was headquartered there, and then establishing 
a branch in Dallas as soon as the company relocated to Texas in 1950.  The Council was 
his "chief outside interest."13
In connection with this interest, Mallon hired a man named Hans Bernd Gisevius to work 
on a worldwide economic development program called the "Institute on Technical 
Cooperation."14   Gisevius, an Abwehr (German Intelligence) member stationed at the 
German consulate in Zurich, was a friend of Allen Dulles, who served as head of U.S. 
intelligence in Switzerland from December 1942 until the war ended.15  Gisevius, in 
fact, "owed his life to the helping hand of Allen Dulles."16
  While in Switzerland Dulles began a long-lasting love affair with a woman named Mary 
Bancroft, whom he asked in 1943 to translate a book Gisevius had written.  Gisevius 
and some of his Abwehr associates had been scheming for years to kill Hitler and 
instigated the July 20, 1944 plot, hoping to form an alliance with Britain and the 
U.S. against Russia.  His group, like Dulles, was anti-Nazi and anti-Communist, "but 
not necessarily anti-fascist."17
Dulles' mistress, Mary Bancroft, had previously been married to a man named Sherwin 
Badger, a Harvard graduate whose first job had been in the head office of United Fruit 
in Cuba.  After a year in Cuba he became a journalist in Boston, later moving to the 
Wall Street Journal and Barron's in New York, both of which were published by Mary's 
stepfather, Clarence Walker Barron.18  Mary also had a long friendship with George 
Lyman Paine and Ruth Forbes Paine, whose son Michael Paine and his wife Ruth 
befriended Marina Oswald the year prior to John Kennedy's assassination.  The Paines 
were from Boston and both had family trees tying them to the United Fruit Co.-through 
Michael's mother (a niece of W. Cameron Forbes) and his father (a descendant of Thomas 
Dudley Cabot, a former president of United Fruit).  Michael's uncle, Eric Schroeder, 
was a friend and investment associate of geologist Everette DeGolyer and a cousin of 
Alexander "Sandy" Forbes, former director of United Fruit who "belonged to the elite 
Tryall Golf Club retreat in Jamaica with former DeGolyer associate Paul 
The head of United Fruit in 1969 was Eli Black, successor of Samuel Zemurray, a 
Romanian from the same province as Edgar Bronfman's grandfather.  United Fruit was 
traditionally financed by New York and Boston banks, which installed their bankers in 
top management positions of the company.  Allen Dulles was a Wall Street lawyer who 
represented such banks. After the 1954 Guatemalan coup in which the CIA was heavily 
involved, Walter Bedell Smith, head of the CIA, became a United Fruit director and 
Allen Dulles, who had been president of United Fruit, replaced Smith at the CIA.  At 
that time the DuPont family also had a large investment in United Fruit.20  DuPont's 
significance will become more apparent in connection with the following section on the 
Bronfman interests in Conoco.
4.      Everette DeGolyer
Everett DeGolyer, the famous geologist, who spent his entire career working for the 
Pearson oil companies21-and thus had close ties to Lazard Brothers-was also a director 
of Dresser Industries. He had begun his career employed by Mexican Eagle Oil Co., 
owned by Sir Weetman Pearson, who called him to London in 1918 to sell Mexican Eagle 
to Royal Dutch Shell.   The proceeds from the sale were invested by Pearson in the 
creation of a new oil company founded and operated by De Golyer in 1919 called Amerada 
(some years later merged into Amerada Hess).22  After he retired from the oil business 
to become an owner of Saturday Review, DeGolyer still maintained an office in Houston 
and was well-known in the Houston and Dallas petroleum clubs frequented by Bush and 
One of DeGolyer's daughters married George C. McGhee, a U.S. State Department 
official, who was present in May 1954 at the first Bilderberg meeting with George 
Ball, David Rockefeller, Prince Bernhard of Holland and Dr. Joseph Retinger.23  McGhee 
later served as a trustee of the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies, established 
by the Anglo-American establishment to shape the "limits to growth" agenda.24 
Researcher Bruce Campbell Adamson of Santa Cruz, California, discovered a copy of 
George DeMohrenschildt's mid-1950s address book and set out to trace what connections 
the people listed there had with the mysterious friend of Lee Harvey Oswald.  One 
portion of his work covers George McGhee, graduate of Southern Methodist University, 
who  was a 1938 Rhodes Scholar.  In 1936, according to Adamson, "McGhee attended a 
dinner with forty other German Rhodes Scholars, and those in attendance included:  
Hitler's finance minister, Count Schwerin von Krosigk; and Hitler's ambassador to 
London and foreign minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop."  Twenty-five years later McGhee 
would become Ambassador to Germany after his appointment by JFK in 1963.  Between 
those years, McGhee served in the Navy as liaison officer to General Curtis LeMay, 
then worked as an assistant to Houstonian Will Clayton who was responsible for 
implementing the Marshall Plan in Europe.25
During World War II McGhee had been on the War Production Board and Combined War 
Materials Board, later becoming coordinator for aid to Greece and Turkey under Robert 
A. Lovett of the U.S. State Dept.  He was appointed Ambassador to Turkey in 1952.  It 
was during his tenure that problems arose over whether Aramco was entitled to tax 
concessions.  McGhee negotiated with Mossadegh in 1951 but was was unsuccessful in 
resolving the problem.  By the time he became Ambassador to Germany in March 1963, 
McGhee was the "number three man" in the State Department, according to Adamson, and 
was "known to be running the show in the Congo."26
While in Dallas, in 1958 McGhee became president of the Dallas Council on World 
Affairs which Neil Mallon had founded in 1951.  McGhee was a director, however, as 
early as 1955-serving with his father-in-law, Judge Sarah T. Hughes, Robert Gerald 
Storey, and others.27  In 1959 he headed Lyndon Johnson's presidential campaign 
committee in Dallas.28  Once Johnson became Kennedy's vice-president, McGhee was one 
man Johnson insisted on having appointed to a high position in the State Department.  
Robert Kennedy called McGhee a "real of the problems with the State 
Department..."29  Kennedy was even more incensed that a good ambassador was fired in 
order to put McGhee in that post in Germany.
Although Bruce Adamson's manuscript is very poorly written, and not well documented, 
it is possible to glean a few interesting tidbits of information from it.  In Vol. II, 
about George McGhee, Adamson states that McGhee was a partner of Jack Crichton in some 
oil leases in Lincoln Parish, Louisiana in 1954; in a March 12, 1954 letter to 
Crichton, McGhee disclosed that he "had been talking to Jack Dougherty30 the 
vice-president of Empire Trust Company Oil and Natural Gas Department of New York 
City."  McGhee's geologist, C.N. Valerius, estimated the oil and gas production to be 
worth over $3 million at that time.  Other parties who had an interest in the lease 
included Crescent Production Co., Inc., attorney Harold F. Thompson (Thompson & Knight 
in Dallas),31  Valerius himself, Southwest Natural Production Co., Atlantic Refining 
Co., Lion Oil Co., and the Texas  Pacific Coal and Oil Co.32
According to documents filed in the Harris County deed and mortgage records, in 
November 1963 Joseph E. Seagram & Sons, Inc., a company whose largest shareholders-the 
Bronfmans-also had a significant block of stock of Empire Trust, had purchased certain 
oil and gas properties from Texas Pacific Coal and Oil Company, and had assigned a 
percentage of the production payments it would receive to Glanville Minerals Corp. 
[File No. B782604].33 Glanville Minerals is connected to a Texan named James 
Glanville, who resigned from Lehman Brothers after numerous battles with Pete 
Peterson.  He then went to work for Lazard Freres and eventually ended up as advisor 
to Hugh Liedtke of Pennzoil in the takeover of Texaco. Glanville also went in the land 
development business with engineer E.J. Hudson, a close friend of the H.L. Hunt family 
and former husband of a Blaffer heir.  R.L. Blaffer was a founder of Humble Oil, and 
prior to that was W.S. Farish's first partner in the oil business at Spindletop.
After leaving the State Department McGhee became a director of Mobil Oil, the company 
which absorbed Magnolia Oil Company,34  which played a very strategic part in the 
Kennedy assassination, as will be shown in the next few pages. 

5.      Republic National Bank of Dallas and the CIA
Copies of correspondence indicates that in 1956 McGhee Production Company had an 
office at 2420 Republic Bank Building in Dallas.  According to an article in the 
Houston Chronicle in February 1967, the Republic National Bank in Dallas was acting as 
trustee for an unnamed trust which was a conduit for CIA funds.  The Chronicle article 
failed to reveal that the bank was trustee for the Estates of Esther and Karl 
Hoblitzelle, who died in 1943 and 1962, respectively.  The original trust was set up 
in 1942.  Interestingly, in her will she listed the names of those trustees:  Sarah T. 
Hughes (then only a young attorney), Umphrey Lee, Fred Florence (president of the 
bank), and the Hoblitzelles.  Karl Hoblitzelle, formerly of Kentucky, had an office in 
Dallas in the Majestic Theatre Building.  He also owned three movie theatres in 
Houston, including the Majestic at Rusk and Travis, which was sold after his death to 
Jimmy Lyon, River Oaks banker and Contra supporter.35  The theatre was torn down to 
build the General Crude Building, now owned by Wells Fargo.
The Hoblitzelle Foundation was named by Wright Patman's subcommittee which 
investigated tax-exempt foundations in 1964.  According to E.W. Kenworthy in a 
February 19, 1967 article printed in the New York Times, between 1959 and 1965, the 
foundation received contributions of $505,700, $250,000 of which was listed on its 
form 990-A filed with IRS as coming from "anonymous" sources and the rest from 
foundations identified by Patman's House Select Committee on Small Business as "front 
foundations."  Hoblitzelle then donated $75,000 to the International Cooperative 
Development Fund and $430,700 to the Congress for Cultural Freedom or its French 
Kenworthy also exposed the M.D. Anderson Foundation of Houston as being a similar 
"pass-through" foundation for funds coming from the CIA to be distributed for 
propaganda purposes domestically and abroad.  The national news was filled with 
reports during February and March 1967, brought on by the expose in Ramparts about the 
CIA's funneling of funds into the National Student Association.  This relationship 
went on for about 15 years, with the CIA providing $200,000 per year to the NSA as 
grants funneled through private foundations.36  Many of the grants were made for 
students' travel abroad, with the students expected to file reports about their 
observations.37  Some student reports were allegedly used by the CIA in preparing 
intelligence evaluations of the revolution in the Dominican Republic in 1965.38
Another Houston foundation mentioned in the disclosures during 1967 was the Hobby 
Foundation.  William P. Hobby, Jr. not only admitted that it had been a conduit for 
the transfer of CIA funds, but declared he was "glad to have done it and proud to have 
been of service to the Federal Government."39  The IRS forms filed by Hobby indicated 
that about half the funds went to Berliner Verein zur Forderung der Publizistik in den 
Entwicklunslandern, one-fourth to the American Friends of the Middle East and another 
one-fourth to the Fund for International Social and Economic Education.
Surprisingly, Robert Kennedy also admitted that the funneling of the funds had 
occurred with his knowledge and that of Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson.  
But Bobby made clear that the presidents did not direct the policy, leading one to 
conclude that the decisions were made by the National Security Council.40
Besides the Hoblitzelle estate, Republic National Bank in Dallas also acted as trustee 
for the estates of Everette DeGolyer and the Nieman and Marcus families.  The bank was 
heavily involved in loans and investments for those estates.  The bank's attorneys 
were the firm of Locke, Purnell which had offices in the bank building.  This firm 
specializes in tax shelters and international finance transactions, many of which 
involve transfers from Canadian, Swiss and Caribbean banks.  Through its partner 
Eugene Locke, who served as John Connally's campaign chairman during his first 
gubernatorial election, the law firm also controlled the Lomas & Nettleton mortgage 
company, whose main client was the commercial construction company operated by 
Trammell Crow, who was related to the Blaffer family by marriage.
The Houston Chronicle mentioned other CIA conduits, including the San Jacinto Fund, 
"one of the many dummy foundations set up by the CIA to conceal the source of the 
funds it was distributing."41  The San Jacinto Fund was organized by John Mecom and 
used the address of a CPA42 in the San Jacinto Building at 911 Walker-the same 
location of the Brown Foundation for many years.  This building was in the same block 
as Hoblitzelle's Majestic Theatre.  Neil Sheehan in a New York Times story named the 
San Jacinto Foundation as one of three foundations used as a conduit for funds to the 
National Student Association (NSA) and the International Student Conference.43
According to Sheehan, Harry H. Lunn, secretary of the Foundation for Youth and Student 
Affairs in 1967 had been present of the NSA in 1954-55, then served as a research 
analyst for the Defense Department, then moved to the political section of the 
American embassy in Paris and later worked for the Agency for International 
Development (AID).

6.  Paravicini Bank and Permindex
In the same year that Zapata and Pennzoil were moving toward hostile takeovers, a new 
Swiss bank opened in Houston with J. Hugh Liedtke and George Bush's securities 
adviser, W.S. Farish III, among the directors.  Called "Bank for Investment and Credit 
Berne" (BICB), its stock was owned by Capital National Bank and Paravicini Bank, but 
investors included Seagrams, Boeing, Minute Maid in Zurich, the London subsidiary of 
Brown and Root and the Schlesinger Organization of London and Johannesburg.44  These 
investors are more than interesting in light of the fact that Paravicini is a 
descendant of the Venetian Pallavicini family, whose attorney in Rome, Carlo d'Amelio, 
was the general counsel to Centro Mondiale Commerciale (CMC), the Italian arm of 
Permindex.  CMC was incorporated in Berne Switzerland, and D'Amelio sat on the board 
of directors during the time that Seagrams' attorney, Louis Mortimer Bloomfield of 
Montreal, was chairman of Permindex.45  When the role of CMC in the attempted 
assassination of President DeGaulle of France was discovered, it fled Europe and 
re-emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa.  However, the parent company, Permindex, 
continued to be managed from Montreal by Bloomfield.  Clay Shaw, the man prosecuted in 
New Orleans by Jim Garrison for his role in the Kennedy assassination, was also a 
board member of CMC, with which his International Trade Mart had connections.
According to a 1970 report called "The Torbitt Document," a compilation of information 
gathered by a Texas attorney from "court-approved and documented evidence" from 
sources in the U.S. Customs Department and the Narcotics Bureau, from the Warren 
Commission and the Garrison investigations, Bloomfield's Permindex Corp. supervised 
five subsidiary groups:
(1)     "White Russian" organization called the Solidarists--members Ferenc Nagy of 
Dallas (former Hungarian premier) and Jean De Menil of Houston (head of Schlumberger);
(2)     American Council of Churches--H.L. Hunt organization;
(3)     Free Cuba Committee--Carlos Prio Soccaras (Cuban ex-president);
(4)     "The Syndicate"--Clifford Jones and Bobby Baker working with Joe Bonanno Mafia 
(5)     NASA's Security Division--Werner Von Braun, headquarters in Redstone Arsenal 
in Muscle Shoals, Alabama and on East Broad Street in Columbus, Ohio.

The Kennedy assassination was planned and carried out by Division Five of the FBI, 
which acted in conjunction with the Defense Intelligence Agency under the control of 
the Joint Chiefs.  These divisions had a highly secret police agency called the 
Defense Industrial Security Command, which also worked with NASA, the Atomic Energy 
Commission (AEC), USIA and weapons and ammunition supply corporations (munitions 
makers) which contract with those agencies.  The police force originated in the 1930's 
to work for the Tennessee Valley Authority, then expanded to the AEC, tying it in with 
army intelligence.  Agents of this force included Clay Shaw, Guy Bannister, David 
Ferrie, Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby and others, and was headed up by Bloomfield.  
According to this report:

The principal financiers of Permindex were a number of U.S. oil companies, H.L. Hunt, 
Clint Murchison, John De Menil, Solidarist director of Houston, John Connally, as 
executor of Sid Richardson estate, Haliburton [sic] Oil Co., Sen. Robert Kerr of 
Okla., Troy Post of Dallas, Lloyd Cobb of New Orleans, Dr. Oechner of New Orleans, 
George and Herman Brown of Brown & Root, Attorney Roy M. Cohn, Chairman of the Board 
for Lionel Corp., New York City, Schenley Industries of New York City, Walter 
Dornberger, ex-Nazi general and his company, Bell Aerospace, Pan American World 
Airways and its subsidiary, Intercontinental Hotel Corp., Paul Raigorodsky of 
Claiborne Oil of New Orleans, Credit Suisse of Canada, and Heineken's Brewery of 
Canada and a host of other munitions makers and NASA contractors directed by the 
Defense Industrial Security Command.

7.  Permindex and Seagrams
Roy Cohn was a very close friend of Lewis Rosenstiel, who was in turn a friend of Sam 
Bronfman.  Bloomfield was also president of Heineken of Canada.  What these companies 
seem to have in common is their shareholders, directors and financiers.  They are the 
same persons who invested in Bush-Overbey, Zapata and Dresser Industries through the 
investment trusts they controlled. The 1992 edition of Dope, Inc. has this to say 
about the banks involved:
Both Seagram's (and its old Prohibition rum-running partner, Hudson's Bay) are 
interlocked through a maze of contacts with all five of the big Canadian chartered 
banks:  the Bank of Montreal, the Royal Bank of Canada, the Bank of Nova Scotia, the 
Toronto Dominion Bank, and  the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce.  Thus, the dirty 
money gleaned from the drug trade is conduited through these banks to points further 
south:  The banks' offshore centers in the Caribbean, and from there the money makes 
its whirlpool round of worldwide laundering.46

The chairman of this Houston-based international investment bank, BICB, whose 
investors included Seagrams and the Schlesinger mining interests in South Africa, was 
Johan F. (Fred) Paravicini.47  Vice-chairman was L.F. McCollum, Sr.-a long-time Humble 
Oil employee, who headed Conoco and founded Capital National Bank of Houston in 1965.  
The bank's president was Baker Lovett, cousin of James A. Baker III, and grandson of 
the first president of Rice University, Odell Lovett, a friend of Woodrow Wilson at 
Princeton.  In an interview with the Houston Post, Baker stated that his experience of 
15 years in banking indicated that Houston had a relatively short supply of money, and 
that venture capital had to come from New England-from "more mature economies."48 He 
believed a bank "should dedicate a portion of its resources to relatively risky 
situations because it's those which sometimes really pay off." As the 1980s showed, 
however, it was also that type of investment that resulted in the bailout of the 
savings and loan industry.
In addition to its investment in the BICB set up by Conoco's chairman, Seagrams also 
owned a great deal of stock in Conoco and caused a major eruption with DuPont in 1981 
over who would control the company.  Seagrams was interested in Conoco because it 
owned a 53% interest in Hudson's Bay Oil and Gas Co. in Canada.  Since it had recently 
received $2.3 billion cash profit from the sale of Sunoco stock, with which it had 
tried and failed to purchase control of DuPont's St. Joe Minerals, the 
Scottish-financed liquor barons at Seagrams saw another chance to grab something 
prized by the New Englanders-control of Conoco.
In 1969 W.S. Farish III was 31 years old and was a partner in the investment companies 
of Underwood Neuhaus and W.S. Farish & Co., through which he handled millions of 
dollars of his family's wealth in addition to George Bush's blind trust.  Farish was 
also serving as president of a company called Fluorex, an international mineral and 
exploration company, and in 1973 also became a director of Houston Natural Gas.49  He 
was the only grandson of one of the founders of Humble Oil, W.S. Farish, Sr., who had 
been chairman of Standard Oil of New Jersey prior to World War II.  W.A. Harriman & 
Co. helped Jersey Standard finance a merger with I.G. Farben, the German chemical 
corporation which manufactured the gas used to exterminate so many Jews.
Lehman Brothers, which had an office in Capital National Bank's building at 1300 
Main-on the same floor, incidentally, as George Bush's friend (and later, Commerce 
Secretary, Robert Mosbacher), was represented on the board of the Capital National and 
its international investment branch.  One director was Lehman Brothers partner, John 
B. Carter, Jr., and another was director I.H. "Denny" Kempner III, heir to the 
Imperial Sugar fortune, whose brother was a Lehman representative in Houston.50
The Kempner brothers' mother was Mary Carroll Kempner, a granddaughter of W.T. Carter 
and sister of W.T. Carter, Jr., whose wife was Lillie Neuhaus, making them first 
cousins of Victor J. Carter. 51 Lillie was a niece of  C.L. Neuhaus and W. Oscar 
Neuhaus, the founders of Neuhaus & Co. (later Underwood Neuhaus).  Oscar's son, Hugo, 
married Kate Rice, Libbie Farish's cousin, and after W.S. and Libbie's son died in 
1943, their daughter-in-law, Mary Wood Farish, married Kate Neuhaus' son.  The Oscar 
Neuhaus who became trustee for the wealthy Cullen family and secretary of a joint 
venture between Dresser and Cullen interests, was a key member of the Neuhaus/Farish 
banking interests-which thus had control of Cullen/Dresser real estate matters in 
downtown Houston.52 This relationship resulted in the construction of a complex of 
office buildings in the southwest part of downtown leased to Dresser, Cullen/Frost 
Bank, Enron, Oppenheimer & Co. and assorted other interesting companies. The Carter 
family also were investment bankers in Houston.
Still another director of Capital Bank was Bill Barziza, a descendant of Decimus et 
Ultimus Barziza, founder of Houston Land & Trust, which has since merged into First 
International Bank.  This ancestor was the son of a Venetian count and French-Canadian 
mother, born in Williamsburg, Virginia, who, during the Civil War, had been captured 
at Gettysburg and smuggled through the Confederate underground to Canada where he was 
returned to Houston via the blockade route through Bermuda.53
The decision to form a partnership with Paravicini may have also been influenced by 
another Lehman representative-William Mellon Hitchcock--grandson of William Larimer 
Mellon, founder of Gulf Oil, and nephew of banker Andrew Mellon.  Bush's partners in 
Zapata were the sons of William Liedtke, Sr.-one of the "highest ranking lawyers in 
Gulf Oil Corp."54 Billy Mellon Hitchcock worked from 1961 to 1967 for "his father's 
mentor," Bobby Lehman of Lehman Brothers in Manhattan.55  Fred Paravicini began an 
illegal trading relationship with Billy in 1965, for which they were not indicted 
until 1973-Hitchcock in February and Paravicini in June.  Hitchcock pled guilty in 
April.56  He then appears to have disappeared from sight.
What Hitchcock shows us is a classic Venetian fondi member, educated at Harvard, 
trained at Lazard Brothers during Lord Cowdray's tenure, who while vacationing in 
Venice, is recruited to work for CIA-connected investment bank with connections to the 
Bronfman family by a member of his father's polo team!  How did he manage to get 
caught?  These people never get caught.  But what was never followed up on was how 
Hitchcock and Paravicini were connected to Conoco, Seagrams, Standard Oil, Brown & 
Root and the Schlesinger mines in Johannesburg.  These connections lead straight to 
Permindex, the Bronfmans and to the Dallas oil men funding the JFK assassination.  
They also lead to George Bush through W.S. Farish-investor of his blind trust.
Another interesting connection with the Capital National Bank involves a man named S. 
Mort Zimmerman of Dallas, who in 1962 formed the Capital Exchange Corporation for 
seven investors.  In Houston, Capital Exchange bought the former Federal Reserve Bank 
Building at Caroline and Texas, which was later sold to companies involved in metal 
fabrication (possibly for weapons manufacturing).  Control was retained, however, 
through a lien held by a company with an office in the 1300 Main Building.  The 
Capital Exchange was connected with Zimmerman's Dallas bank-the Mercantile National 
Bank-as was the Capital National of Houston.57
Zimmerman began his career, not as a banker, but as an electrical engineer, working 
for James T. Ling in a company which became Ling-Temco-Vought.  After six years as 
president of Electron Corporation, an LTV subsidiary, Zimmerman formed Capital 
Exchange and began buying banks in Florida.  At the same time he created one 
corporation after another, manipulating funds and stock among the various entities in 
a classic ponzi scheme. 
Zimmerman owned Intercontinental Industries, a subsidiary of which--Intercontinental 
Manufacturing Company-produced bomb bodies and missile motor cases in Garland, Texas.  
In 1967 this company had $30 million in sales, with a $1.5 million profit.  In 1968 
Zimmerman sold the subsidiary, valued at $11 million to Robert Vesco's International 
Controls Corporation in exchange for 275,000 shares of ICC stock.58
8.  The Pearson Group and Texas oil men
Although it has never been proven that Farish, Liedtke or George Bush had any 
background in intelligence operations before Bush was appointed director of the CIA by 
Gerald Ford in 1976, an inference can be made just by reviewing the associations that 
existed in the Texas oil community in the 1960s. Billy's training as an investment 
banker had taken place at the English branch of Lazard Freres, which has been shown to 
be closely tied to one of George Bush's original investors, Eugene Meyer, and to 
Everett DeGolyer, a Dresser director who had spent most of his career working for Sir 
Weetman Pearson (Viscount Cowdray). DeGolyer left his job at Amerada Petroleum in New 
York and moved to Dallas where he established a geological consulting firm called 
DeGolyer and MacNaughton and served from 1954 until his death in 1956 on the board of 
Dresser Industries in Dallas.  He was replaced on the board by his partner, Lewis W. 
MacNaughton, who remained until 1969. 59
Lewis MacNaughton was also a director of Empire Trust, a company whose largest single 
holding of stock was comprised of Loeb-Lehman, Bache and Bronfman holdings, in which 
Edgar Bronfman became a director in 1963.  Edgar Bronfman, Sr. married the daughter of 
John L. Loeb (Loeb, Rhoades), who was himself married to a Lehman.60  A vice-president 
of Empire Trust in Dallas was Jack Crichton (also president of Nafco Oil & Gas, Inc.) 
who was connected with Army Reserve Intelligence.61   In a 1995 book written by Fabian 
Escalante, the chief of a Cuban counterintelligence unit during the late 1950s and 
early 1960s, he describes that as soon as intelligence was received from agents in 
Cuba that Fidel Castro had "converted to communism," a plan called "Operation 40" was 
put into effect by the National Security Council, presided over by Vice-President 
Richard Nixon.  Escalante indicates that Nixon:
was the Cuban "case officer" who had assembled an important group of businessmen 
headed by George Bush and Jack Crichton, both Texas oilmen, to gather the necessary 
funds for the operation.  Nixon was a protégé of Bush's father Preston [sic] who in 
1946 had supported Nixon's bid for Congress.  In fact, Preston Bush was the campaign 
strategist that brought Eisenhower and Nixon to the presidency of the United States.  
With such patrons, [Tracy] Barnes was certain that failure was impossible.62
According to Peter Dale Scott, Crichton arranged for Marina Oswald to have Ilya 
Mamantov as her interpreter when she was questioned after Oswald's arrest.63  Mamantov 
also taught scientific Russian classes at Magnolia Oil Co. Lee and Marina Oswald first 
met the Paines at a party at the home of Richard Pierce and Everett Glover where 
practically all the guests worked for Magnolia Oil. The guests included a German named 
Volkmar Schmidt who came to Dallas in 1961 to do geological research at Magnolia's 
laboratories in nearby Duncanville.64 
MacNaughton's personal accountant was George Bouhe, who also worked at the Tolstoy 
Foundation with Paul Raigorodsky-a man involved with the National Alliance of 
Solidarists.  Bouhe was closely tied to George DeMohrenschildt, who later became 
famous as the White Russian assigned to "handle" Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas. It was 
DeMohrenschildt who had taken the Oswalds to a party where they met Volkmar Schmidt, 
and then a later party at the same house where they met Michael Paine.  
DeMohrenschildt was also the one in charge of getting Marina a place to stay at Ruth 
Paine's home, and it was Ruth Paine who found Oswald the job at the book depository 
office in the building owned by Jack Crichton's friend.  DeMohrenschildt also was 
involved with the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia in Dallas which received 
subsidies from the Baird Foundation, which was determined to be a CIA conduit by the 
Patman House Select Committee hearings [cf. New York Times, March 5, 1967, p. 36].65
DeMohrenschildt immigrated to the U.S. in 1938, having been involved in espionage with 
the OSS and probably with the Nazis.66  He had a doctorate in commerce from the 
University of Liege, Belgium, when he came to the United States at age 27 where his 
brother Dmitry was a professor at Dartmouth, having degrees from Columbia and Yale.67  
While visiting his brother and American sister-in-law at Bellport, near East Hampton, 
on the eastern, ocean tip of Long Island, DeMohrenschildt met many influential people, 
including stockbroker Jack and Janet Bouvier (Jackie's parents).  He was also a friend 
of Margaret Clark Williams, whose family had vast land holdings in Louisiana, who gave 
him a letter of introduction to Humble Oil.68  DeMohrenschildt came to Texas by bus 
"where he got a job with Humble Oil Company in Houston, thanks to family connections," 
and, "[d]espite being friends with the chairman of the board of Humble," he worked as 
a roughneck in the Louisiana oil fields.69
DeMohrenschildt came to Texas in 1944 and got a master's degree in petroleum geology 
at the University of Texas at Austin.  For a time he worked overseas for the 
Murchisons' Three States Oil and Gas70 and for Pantipec, an oil company owned by 
William F. Buckley, Jr.'s father operated in Mexico at the same time Sir Weetman 
Pearson (later Viscount Cowdray) and DeGolyer were there running the Mexican Eagle.  
In fact, Buckley and his brother were the attorneys for the Mexican oil companies 
after their properties were taxed illegally by the Mexican government.71  According to 
William Engdahl, Pearson worked for British Secret Intelligence, "as did all other 
major British oil groups."72   They had financed and put in power the regime of 
General Victoriano Huerta, subsequently overthrown by President Woodrow Wilson, who 
was supporting the objectives of Standard Oil in attempting to take from Britain at 
least a portion of its concessions for half of Mexico's oil.  The U.S. under 
Rockefeller cover sent money and arms to Carranza.73
1 Pauley had been treasurer of the Democratic National Committee while he was a 
stockholder in Petrol Corporation and ran into trouble during the confirmation 
hearings by being accused of lobbying to promote his personal financial interests in 
submerged federal lands.  See Bruce Adamson manuscript, Vol. VII, p. 71.
2 Warren Hinkle and William Turner, Deadly Secrets:  The CIA-Mafia War Against Castro 
and the Assassination of J.F.K. (New York:  Thunder's Mouth Press, 1981), p. xxxix.
3 Hinkle and Turner, citing Kwitny article "The Mexican Connection:  A Look at an Old 
George Bush Venture," Barron's, September 19, 1988.
4 Dresser Manufacturing Co. began in Bradford, Pennsylvania as a family corporation to 
make and sell couplings and sleeves for oil and gas pipelines, based on a patent 
issued to S.R. Dresser. In 1928 Dresser's son-in-law, who had operated the company 
since Dresser's death in 1911, retired and the sons-one a 32nd degree Mason, another a 
Princeton graduate-contacted W.A. Harriman & Company, Inc. to find a buyer.  Harriman 
bought all the stock, supposedly with the intention of reselling, but apart from 
subsequent stock flotations, the investment bank (now Brown Brothers, Harriman) still 
has control of what became Dresser Industries, Inc. in 1944.  The initial stock issue 
in 1928 was underwritten by Roland (Bunny) Harriman and Prescott Bush while G.H. 
Walker was president of the W.A. Harriman firm.  Prescott Bush served on the board of 
directors continuously until he went to the U.S. Senate in 1953.  Other directors from 
Brown Brothers, Harriman were Hamilton Pell (1928-30) and William T. Smith (1929-31).  
Bankers on the board have been George C. Scott of First National City Bank, now 
Citibank (1967 to at least 1979); A. Bruce Bowden of the Mellon National Bank in 
Pittsburgh  [possibly a relative of John Bowden Connally?] (beginning in 1967); Rawles 
Fulgham of First International Bancshares in Dallas (beginning 1975).  The 
representative law firm has been Squire, Sanders & Dempsey of Cleveland, formerly 
Squire, Sanders & Dempsey and McAfee, Hanning, Newcomer, Hazlett & Wheeler.
5Darwin Payne, Initiative in Energy:  Dresser Industries, Inc. 1880-1978 (New York:  
Simon and Schuster, 1979), p. 270. 
6 Darwin Payne, Initiative in Energy, p. 194.
7 The only other member of the syndicate named in the February 19, 1950 Houston 
newspaper article was M.W. Mattison, a man whose named has often been found in 
conjunction with the Masonic Lodge in Houston.
8 Robert D. Morrow, First Hand Knowledge:  How I Participated in the CIA-Mafia Murder 
of President Kennedy (New York:  S.P.I. Books, 1992), p.  378.
9 George Bush, Looking Forward, p. 83.
10 In 1972 the chairman and CEO of Zapata Corporation, William H. Flynn, also became 
chairman and CEO of ZOS.  The 1976 SEC report shows a man named Paul E. Baria at ZOS 
as general manager for Europe and Africa from 1972 to date, having come to ZOS from 
the London office of Clinton International Corporation; prior to that he was acting as 
London resident manager of International Resources Limited.  In 1973 Clinton 
International Corp. was 79% owned by Clinton Oil Co. and 19% owned by Robert B. 
Anderson, Eisenhower's Secretary of the Treasury. (Wall Street Journal, April 3, 1973, 
p. 44)  The article states that Anderson, since leaving the government, had "helped 
put together an international consortium that owns concessions in copper-rich Zaire, 
the former Congo republic."  The article also says that Anderson "even got involved at 
one time with Bernard Cornfeld, then the head of the faltering I.O.S. Ltd....Barred 
from selling mutual-fund shares in Portugal and Iran, Mr. Cornfeld asked Mr. Anderson 
to use his influence with Portugal's late premier Antonio Salazar and the Shah of Iran 
to get the ban lifted."  After Clinton Oil entered into a consent agreement about 
insider stock bolstering with the SEC, the old management team was replaced.  It 
therefore appears that Paul Baria may have been part of that illegal activity.  The 
1979 SEC report for Zapata lists attorney B. John Mackin of Baker & Botts, a director 
since 1966, as chairman and CEO since March 1979.  The 1979 report also lists Grossi 
Brothers, 208 S. LaSalle in Chicago as owner of 12,000 shares of $2 preferred stock 
(29.3%), perhaps indicating they were still holding stock exchanged with United Fruit. 
 International Mining Corporation of 200 Park Avenue in New York was the largest 
shareholder of common stock (10%). 
On the same day the agreement was announced, the Chronicle contained another article 
about a tender offer made by Hugh Liedtke of Pennzoil to acquire American Smelting and 
Refining Co. through an exchange.  An injunction had been issued in favor of the 
target company which challenged a merger under the Clayton Act.  What is not clear is 
whether Bush or Liedtke retained any stock in their old companies.  If not, how did 
they dispose of the stock and to whom?
It is interesting to note that the Pennzoil Buildings (there are two separate towers) 
were designed by Philip C. Johnson, the architect, for Gerald Hines, the contractor.  
Johnson's office is in New York in the Seagrams Building at 375 Park Ave.  Johnson 
wrote to Gov. Nelson Rockefeller in 1964, thanking him for his help and faith in his 
career.  He mentions "our beloved museum" and the "beginning of Art Incorporated, back 
when we were both too young to know what we were doing.  It has been a wonderful life 
ever since."  This letter is reproduced in Bruce Adamson's manuscript, Vol. VII at p. 
19.  Other buildings designed by Johnson include the Transco Tower in Houston and 
Republic National Bank in Dallas.  The museum referred to was the Modern Art Museum in 
New York in 1939.  He served on the Board of the Museum with Rockefeller, William S. 
Paley and Henry Luce.  According to the diary of William Shirer, who wrote about 
Adolph Hitler, he once shared a hotel room om Berlin with Johnson, "an American 
fascist who says he represents Father Coughlin's Social Justice.  None of us can stand 
the fellow and suspect he is spying on us for the Nazis."
12 The dates of the offer coincide with Nixon's election in November and his 
inauguration the following January.
13 Darwin Payne, Initiative in Energy, pp. 248-49.
14 Richard Bartholomew, Possible Discovery of an Automobile Used in the JFK Conspiracy 
(the Nash Rambler)--unpublished manuscript, p. 48.  Bartholomew cites this information 
 to Bruce Campbell Adamson with Steve Perez, Oswald's Closest Friend:  The George 
DeMohrenschildt Story (unpublished manuscript, 1993)-Bush chapter, p. 31.  Adamson 
apparently accused Mallon of using Dresser as a cover for CIA activities. It is also 
interesting to note that in 1957 Zapata Off-Shore was drilling on the Cay Sal Bank on 
islands leased the previous year to Howard Hughes, Jr., which were later used as a 
base for CIA raids on Cuba.  See article entitled "Zapata Petroleum Corp." in Fortune, 
April 1958, p. 248.
15Richard Bartholomew, Possible Discovery, p 31. 
16 Harold C. Deutsch, The Conspiracy Against Hitler in the Twilight War (Minneapolis:  
The University of Minnesota Press, 1968), p. 360.
17 Mary Bancroft, Autobiography of a Spy (New York:  William Morrow, 1983), pp. 
18 According to Bruce Adamson, Bancroft was having an affair with Henry Luce at the 
same time she was "dating" Allen Dulles.  Adamson manuscript, Vol. IV on Dimitri von 
Mohrenschildt, at p. 52.
19 Richard Bartholomew, Possible Discovery, p. 38.  See also Mary Bancroft, 
Autobiography of a Spy (New York:  William Morrow, 1983).
20 Gerard Colby, DuPont Dynasty (Secaucus, N.J.:  Lyle Stuart, Inc.), p. 421.
21 DeGolyer had handled the negotiations of the sale of Pearson's former oil company, 
the Mexican Eagle, to Royal Dutch Shell and used the profits to set up Amerada, 10% of 
which was said to be owned by the British Government.  The sale of the Mexican Eagle 
to Deterding occurred at approximately the same time that Deterding was "secretly 
financing a White Russian counter-revolution beginning in 1918, in concert with 
Colonial Secretary Winston Churchill,...[when he then] went to France and bought up 
the pre-Revolutionary oil leases for the Russian Baku..."  F. William Engdahl, A 
Century of War:  Anglo-American Oil  Politics and the New World Order (Dr. Bottiger 
Verlags-GmbH, 1992-1st English printing in 1993, distributed by Paul & Company 
Publishers Consortium, Inc. in Concord, Mass.), p. 78. 
22 The Hess Oil Co. was founded by the husband of Leota Meyer Hess, a member of the 
Joseph Meyer banking family, which controlled Houston National Bank, which eventually 
became RepublicBank, and is now a branch of Nations Bank.  It was this family which 
developed Meyerland Plaza and formed First General Realty, which later became General 
23 F. William Engdahl, A Century of War, p. 149.
24 Engdahl, p. 160.
25 Bruce Campbell Adamson, Oswald's Closest Friend:  The George de Mohrenschildt Story 
(self-printed manuscript, copyrighted 1993 and 1995), p. 5.
26 Adamson, Vol. II, p. 26.
27 Storey later became an attorney on the Warren Commission staff.
28 Adamson says he found much of the information on McGhee and Mallon in the Dallas 
Public Library in a folder on DCWA and at Southern Methodist University, which houses 
the papers of Mallon, Everette DeGolyer and Earle Cabell.
29 Robert Kennedy, In His Own Words, edited by Edwin O. Guthman and Jeffrey Shulman 
(Robert Kennedy Memorial:  1988), pp. 9-10, as quoted in Adamson manuscript, Vol. II, 
p. 29.
30 Possibly related to one of Humble Oil's attorneys, who owned a ranch in Beeville 
adjacent to the ranch of W.S. Farish III, where George Bush traditionally went hunting 
every year.
31 Bush was also connected to the Thompson & Knight law firm through Patrick S. 
Holloway, an attorney who represented Bush in 1965 in a political campaign appeal 
against the State of Texas.  It would be interesting to trace the ownership of 
Crescent Production Co. to see if it is connected to Crescent Real Estate Equity REIT 
with which Texas Governor George W. Bush has ties.
32 Adamsom, Vol. II, p. 5.
33 In 1945 Humble Oil had bought all bulk stations, owned and leased service stations 
and delivery equipment from Texas Pacific Coal & Oil Company, which went out of retail 
marketing.  Henrietta M. Larson and Kenneth W. Porter, History of Humble Oil (New 
York:  Harper & Brothers, 1959), p. 627.  Glanville Minerals borrowed $130 million 
from First National City Bank (now Citibank in NY) and additional sums from New York 
Life, The Mutual Life Insurance Company of NY, First National City Bank as Trustee for 
various pension trusts, Connecticut General Life, Aetna Life, and Teachers Insurance 
totaling $86 million.33  Two years later there appears a conveyance from Cantexas 
Royalty Co. to Titan Gas Corp. [C265017].  The address for Cantexas was 375 Park 
Avenue in New York--the Seagrams Building, located between 52nd and 53rd Streets.33  
This instrument is followed in the deed records by a conveyance from PIA Investment 
and Petrovest Corp. in New Jersey, and by a deed of trust from Domino Corp. to Empire 
Trust, whose address was 7 West 51st Street, NY.  Apparently Titan had assigned an 
interest in the oil properties to Domino and to Southwestern Public Service Co.
34 In 1926 the trustees of the Walter Browne Botts Estate-one of the founding 
attorneys of Baker & Botts-most of whom were bankers in Galveston, conveyed to 
Magnolia Petroleum Co., an unincorporated joint stock association with offices in 
Galveston,  a tract of land in downtown Houston which eventually became the site of 
the First City National Bank.
35 According to Pete Brewton, Lyon was mentioned by name in Oliver North's diaries at 
least four times.  The Mafia, the CIA and George Bush, p. 256.  Lyon acquired the 
theatre lease from the Esperson family who had at one time owned the rights to Reed 
Roller Bit.
36 Steven V. Roberts, New York Times, February 17, 1967.
37 John Herbers, New York Times, February 25, 1967.
38 Ibid.
39 E.W. Kenworthy, New York Times, February 21, 1967.
40 Marjorie Hunter, New York Times, February 22, 1967.
41 Richard Harwood, Houston Chronicle, February 26, 1967, p. 2.
42 The fund's secretary-treasurer in 1967 was Francis G. O'Connor of 6520 Buffalo 
Speedway, who refused to speak to the Chronicle reporter.
43 New York Times, February 16, 1967.
44 Pete Brewton, The Mafia, the CIA and George Bush,  p. 137.  Brewton's information 
came from two articles in the Houston Post-dated April 25, 1969 and January 11, 1970.  
The earlier article, naming the corporate investors in the new bank, had no by-line.
45 Dope, Inc. (1992), p. 459.
46 Dope , Inc., p. 256. The Royal Bank of Canada is said by the EIR writers of Dope, 
Inc. to be the dirtiest bank, followed closely by the Bank of Nova Scotia, of which 
Bronfman aide and Zionist, R.D. Wolfe, is a director.  This bank is also involved in 
the financing of business in Jamaica tied to the arms trade, as well as being tied to 
the Canadian gold markets through an interlock with Noranda Mines.  The gold exchange 
also serves as a means of payment for the illegal weapons trade.
47 The Paravicinis are the descendants, most likely, of Sir Horatio Pallavacino, who 
filled the post of Venetian ambassador to England-which had been vacant for 50 years 
or so-- in 1603 when James VI of Scotland became James I of Great Britain.  
Pallavicino was the head of an intelligence service which "was at the disposal of 
Cecil, as, presumably, was his money." See David Cherry, The Found of Englands Civil 
Warres Discover'd, as cited in Al and Rachel Douglas's manuscript on Venice.
48 The "more mature economies" he referred to in New England were those which began 
with the first life insurance company established in America in 1762 by the 
Presbyterian Ministers Fund.  The managers brought in to oversee this fund were 
members of British banking families such as the Bevans of Barclays Bank-which was 
later to assimilate most of the country and colonial banks into its London bank.  
Through these family and social contacts, connections arose between the Canadian 
banks, Scottish banks, the Far East, South Africa, the Caribbean and New England.  
These same families also had strong ties to the Carolinas which was originally settled 
by a great number of Scottish emigrants who retained strong ties to the mother country.
49 Another chapter will detail fondi control of this and other companies founded by 
John Henry Kirby-railroads, lumber, oil and banking interests financed by Brown 
Brothers of Baltimore and the Maryland Trust.
50 This representative was James Carroll Kempner .  See Harold M. Hyman, Oleander 
Odyssey, p. 217.  It had been the tradition in the Kempner family for the sons to 
attend Harvard, then spend a year in Paris before coming back to Texas to help with 
the family business.
51 Mary later married Lawrence Reed.  Mary's aunt was Frankie Carter Randolph, who 
became the famous liberal Democrat who mentored Billie Carr in liberal Texas politics.
52 Julius V. Neuhaus (Lillie Neuhaus Carter's brother) married Laura Boettcher, whose 
family brokerage company also came into the company in 1985 when Larry Johnson and Tom 
Masterson came into the company.  Connections can be shown between Larry Johnson, 
General Homes and Walter Mischer-a close friend and fund-raiser for George 
Bush-through an assortment of complicated corporate relationships.
53 He was the founder of Houston Land & Trust Company, the first trust institution in 
the State of Texas. Marie Phelps McAshan, On the Corner of Main and Texas:  A Houston 
Legacy (Houston:  Gulf Publishing Co., 1985), p. 130; Marguerite Johnston, Houston, 
the Unknown City, 1836-1946 (College Station:  Texas A&M University Press, 1991), pp. 
75 and 404fn.  The name "Barziza" is similar in sound to "Barozzi," which was the name 
of one of the case vecchie that existed in Venice [Allen and Rachel Douglas, 
manuscript entitled "Venice:  The Fondi...and related matters", p. 12]
54 Thomas Petzinger, Jr., Oil & Honor:  The Texaco-Pennzoil Wars (G. P. Putnam's Sons: 
 New York), p. 36.  Incidentally, Allen Dulles, before becoming director of the CIA, 
had been legal counsel to Gulf Oil for Latin American operations, as well as counsel 
to Prescott Bush at Brown Brothers Harriman.  Webster Griffin Tarpley and Anton 
Chaitkin, George Bush:  The Unauthorized Biography (EIR:  Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 
148-49).  John McCloy also represented Gulf in 1975 when the scandal involving bribery 
and payoffs of elected officials occurred.
55 Billy's father, Tommy Hitchcock, a Harvard graduate, had become a Lehman Brothers 
partner in 1937 but within two years became an air attache in the U.S. Embassy and 
then a pilot in Carl Spaatz' Ninth Air Support Command, where he was chief of tactical 
research.  His plane went down in 1944, when his twin sons, Billy and Tommy were only 
five.  He had learned to fly during the First World War when he had served in the 
Lafayette Escadrille as a seventeen-year-old and had been caught behind German lines, 
escaped from a prison train and hobbled a hundred miles into Switzerland. The 
Hitchcocks were "gentry, a clan whose way of living 'depicted the English country 
life,'" in Aiken, South Carolina, where Billy spent his visits fox hunting and playing 
polo. According to Billy, his grandfather had gone to Oxford, and his 
great-grandfather had been financial editor of the New York Sun, married to a 
descendant of William Corcoran, an "eminent Georgetown financier."  Billy and his 
brother attended boarding school in South Carolina, a place run like an English public 
school.  In the mid-50s he got a job as a tool dresser on oil rigs in Pecos, Texas 
(which is a short distance from Midland where George Bush was living and working for a 
Dresser subsidiary), then at a refinery near Vienna, Austria.  Billy had been at 
Harvard before Harvard professor Timothy Leary took his first LSD trip in 1960, but he 
met Leary in 1964 after Leary had returned from Mexico where he had been doing 
psychedelic research with Aldous Huxley.  In fact, Billy rented his family country 
estate in New York to Leary to continue his drug experiments.
56 New York Times, June 8, 1973.
57 It was Mercantile National Bank at Dallas which made a $4 million loan to Houston 
Bank & Trust (and its successor, First International Bank) to build a new bank 
building in 1965 at 1801 Main. First International Bank in Houston First International 
Bank in Houston had started out in the early days of Houston as Houston Land & Trust 
at 119 Main before becoming Houston Bank & Trust and relocating directly opposite the 
Capital Exchange Corporation on Texas.  In 1978 (one year after George Bush moved back 
to Houston and went to work for First International Bancshares, Inc.), First 
International Bank in Houston, got a $7 million loan from the holding company.
58 Michael Dorman, Vesco:  The Infernal Money Making Machine (Berkley Publishing 
Corp.), p. 36.
59 Darwin Payne, Initiative in Energy:  Dresser Industries, Inc. 1880-1978 (New York:  
Simon and Schuster, 1979), pp. 232 and 388.  DeGolyer's death was reported in a 
December 15, 1956 Houston Post article, which stated that he "shot himself to death 
Friday in his Dallas office....His death was ruled a suicide....No immediate reason 
for DeGolyer's act could be determined.  However, DeGolyer's son, E.L. DeGolyer, Jr. 
said his father had been in ill health for seven years and for the last two years 
suffered from aplastic anemia, a disease similar to leukemia.  He said his father 
required frequent blood transfusions, having had the most recent one about four weeks 
ago.  DeGolyer had other difficulties, his son said, including an operation for a 
detached retina in 1949, which was not successful and left him without the sight of 
one eye."  None of those facts answers the question of why, at that particular time, 
he chose to kill himself.  He had endured all those trials for years and survived 
optimistically.  In the year before DeGolyer died, two men began buying land in the 
area of town which is now the location of the Galleria Shopping Center.  One was the 
son of Grover J. Geiselman, an independent oil man who officed at Suite 849 of the 
Houston Club Building, where both Farish and Bush were located during this time.  
Eventually Geiselman conveyed his half interest to the other buyer, J.S. Michael, who 
in 1961 deeded to the estate of E.L. DeGolyer for a nominal sum, indicating they may 
have been holding title for him all along.  Further indication of this is the deed in 
1969 to Stephen T. Cochran, Trustee, executed by both Geiselman, Jr. and J.S. Michael, 
as well as Nell DeGolyer and First National Bank in Dallas, Trustees for the estate, 
as well as the three daughters and their husbands.  All were joint payees on one 
promissory note.  This land ended up having frontage on either side of the West Loop, 
which was constructed through the tracts, which were purchased for a pittance from 
Italians who had owned the land for decades. 
DeGolyer's death is reminiscent of  the death of Howard R. Hughes, Sr., which was 
reported in a Houston Post January 15, 1949 "Post Yesteryears 15 Years Ago" column.  
The article stated:  "Howard R. Hughes, 54, millionaire Houston manufacturer, and a 
brother of Rupert Hughes, the novelist, died suddenly in his office at the Humble 
building yesterday.  Born in Lancaster, Mo., Mr. Hughes graduated from Harvard 
university in 1897....As a young Harvard graduate, Mr. Hughes entered the oil industry 
in the Old Sour Lake field and almost immediately began inventing oil well tools.  Oil 
men said that he, more than any other man in America, was responsible for 
revolutionizing the oil industry.  In association with W.B. Sharp of Houston, the 
Sharp-Hughes Tool company was launched by Mr. Hughes, and on Mr. Sharp's retirement, 
the concern became the Hughes Tool company which is known wherever drillers operate." 
60 Stephen Birmingham, "Our Crowd":  The Great Jewish Families of New York (New York:  
Dell Publishing Co., 1967), pp. 444-445.
61 Dick Russell, The Man Who Knew Too Much (New York:  Carroll & Graf 
Publishers/Richard Gallen, 1992), p. 615 and pp. 792-93 fn. 14.  Crichton was also 
director of Dorchester Gas Producing Co. with D.H. Byrd, founder of the Temco Co. 
(later LTV), who owned the building to which the Texas School Book Depository had 
moved several months before Kennedy was killed.
62 Fabian Escalante, translated by Maxine Shaw, edited by Mirta Muniz, The Secret War: 
 CIA Covert Operations against Cuba 1959-62 (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia:  Ocean 
Press, 1995), p. 42.
63 See Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, chapter III, p. 37 (quoted in Bartholomew, p. 71).
64 In Germany Schmidt had lived with Dr. Wilhelm Kuetemeyer, a professor of 
psychosomatic medicine at the University of Heidelberg.  Kuetemeyer conducted 
experiments on schizophrenics.  His work was interrupted when he became involved in 
the July 20 plot to kill Adolph Hitler.  See  Edward J. Epstein, Legend:  The Secret 
World of Lee Harvey Oswald (New York:  McGraw-Hill, 1978), pp. 203-05.  Schmidt shared 
a room in the house with the Magnolia employees who gave the party at Schmidt's 
request where Oswald met Michael Paine.  Schmidt was also studying Russian at Magnolia 
with Mamantov, who worked as a geologist for Sun Oil Co.  Mamantov was acquainted also 
with George Bush, who wrote to Mamantov's  wife after his death stating, "We did it!"  
See Dick Russell, The Man who Knew Too Much. 
65 See Peter Dale Scott, Crime and Cover-Up, p. 66.
66 Marrs, Crossfire, p. 278-9.  Gaeton Fonzi, The Last Investigation (New York:  
Thunder Mouth Press, 1993), p. 190.
67 Priscilla Johnson McMillan, Marina and Lee (Harper & Row, 1976), p. 216.
68 Ibid., p. 219.
69 Ibid.  The quoted passage does not identify which of the Humble Oil founders was 
DeMohrenschildt's friend, but it is known that his UT roommate, Hines Baker did later 
become chairman of Humble Oil.  McMillan revealed that DeMohrenschildt was also 
friendly with H. L. Hunt, Clint Murchison, John Mecom, Robert Kerr and Jean De Menil 
of Schlumberger.  According to Jim Marrs' interviews with Jeanne DeMohrenschildt after 
her husband's death, George was making regular trips to Houston from Dallas during 
1962-63 on oil business with Mecom and De Menil.  George's Russian friends in the 
Tolstoy Foundation told Marrs that he was going to Houston to see George and Herman 
Brown (Crossfire, p. 282.) 
70 Peter Dale Scott, Crime and Cover-up,  p. 34
71Buckley Sr., a Texan, as an undergraduate lived in the same upperclass dorm at the 
University of Texas at Austin where DeMohrenschildt, brothers Rex G. Baker and Hines 
Baker (who W.S. Farish, Sr. later hired as attorneys and top management for Humble 
Oil) lived when they were at UT.  See Richard Bartholomew, Possible Discovery of an 
Automobile Used in the JFK Conspiracy (the Nash Rambler)--unpublished manuscript, pp. 
63, 88-89. 
72 Engdahl, p. 72.
73 Engdahl, p. 72.

Reply via email to