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<A HREF="http://www.thenoiseroom.com/egypt/giza5.htm">The Noise Room - Robert
Bauval Position Stateme </A>
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A Position Statement By Robert Bauval Regarding The So-Called 'Wider
Plan' Of The Star-Pyramid Correlation Theory
Updated : 4th August 1998

24 JULY 1998

I am the author of THE ORION MYSTERY (co-authored with Adrian Gilbert)
and the author of KEEPER OF GENESIS (co-authored with Graham Hancock).
Some critical questions have recently been raised in connection with the
so-called "wider plan" of the Orion-Pyramids correlation theory
presented in the above mentioned books for which I would like to
formally and publicly state my present position on this matter.

The core of the Orion-Pyramids correlation theory, which I started to
develop in 1983, was based on the pattern of the three stars forming the
Belt Of Orion, namely Al Nitak , Alnilam and Mintaka (Zeta, Epsilon and
Delta Orionis). This theory was presented during 1983 to 1986 to various
eminent Egyptologists and other academics, including Dr. I.E.S. Edwards,
Dr. T.G.H. James, Dr. Jaromir Malek, Dr. Cathleen Keller and others. It
was subsequently submitted to Dr. Alessandra Nibbi, editor of the Oxford
journal 'Discussion In Egyptology' in 1988 and published in Vol. 13,
1989, pp. 7-18 under the title "A Master Plan For The Three Pyramids Of
Giza Based On the Configuration Of The Three Stars Of The Belt Of
Orion". In this article I conclude that "A Master Plan with intent to
correlate the great pyramids of Giza with the pattern of the Belt of
Orion appears very likely indeed. A question which must follow is: does
this master plan include a wider correlation between the geomorphic of
the sky landscape about Orion (three belt stars) and the landscape about
the Giza necropolis ? Raising this question is justified, for the
Pyramid Texts indeed confront us with complete celestial topography onto
which actual terrestrial natural and man-made features are imagined to

In the same article I bring to attention that "it is worth noting,
therefore, that the relative position of the Belt of Orion to the Milky
Way also correlates to the relative position of the Giza pyramids to the
Nile." The DE vol.13 article does not mention other pyramids or other
natural features in the so-called 'wider' plan hypothesis other than the
Nile River adjacent to the Giza region.

Much later, in 1994, in my book THE ORION MYSTERY (first by published by
William Heinemann in February 1994 ) I suggested that the pyramid of
Zawyat Al Aryan and the pyramid of Abu Ruwash were reprenting stars in
the constellation of Orion, namely Bellatrix and Saiph, and that the two
pyramids of Dahshur correlated to two stars in the Taurus-Hyades
constellation, namely Aldebaran and Epsilon Tauri. These supplementary
correlation to the core theory of Giza Pyramids/Orion's Belt theory
became known as the 'wider plan' when Prof. Vivian Davies, curator of
the Egyptian Antiquities Department at the British Museum coined the
phrase on the BBC2 Everyman Special documentary 'The Great Pyramid:
Gateway To The Stars' (based on The Orion Mystery). Prof. Davies, too,
stated that he did not agree with this 'wider plan' because he had great
difficulty in considering the possibility that the ancient Egyptians
could mark the position of stars on the ground over distances of several
kilometres. This was a fair and reasonable comment which was also
reiterated by Dr. Jaromir Malek, Director of the Griffith Institute at
the Ashmolean Museum in his review of The Orion Mystery (see DE vol. 30,
1994, pp. 101-114).

It must be pointed out that the 'wider plan' hypothesis does not in any
way alter the core element of the Orion-pyramid correlation theory
presented in DE 13, 1989, namely that the three large Pyramids of Giza
and their relative position to the meridian axis of the Nile correlate
with the three stars of Orion's belt and their relative position to the
meridian axis of the Milky Way. This Giza/Orion's belt correlation is
strongly buttressed by the various passages in the Pyramid Texts (viz.
PT 802, 820 etc..) and, of course, the alignment of the southern shaft
of the King's Chamber in the Cheops pyramid with Orion's belt (precessed
to the epoch c.2500 BC).

There is much doubt among Egyptologists, even today, as to whether the
'unfinished' pyramid of Zawyat Al Aryan belonged to the IV Dynasty or to
the III Dynasty. The 'pyramid' itself, as seen today, is but a large
underground infrastructure cut into the natural rock and leaves much
doubt over its originally intended dimensions or, indeed, whether the
project was 'abandoned' before beginning the superstructure with
quarried limestone blocks. As for the Abu Ruwash pyramid, most
Egyptologists seem to agree that it belonged to the IV Dynasty king,
Djedefre (a son of Cheops), although very little remains of the
superstructure of this pyramid, and it, too, may have remained
'unfinished'. It is also noteworthy that towards the end of the Ivth
Dynasty, the king Shepseskaf departed from the classical pyramid
structure completely and opted to construct a structure of a quite
different nature in the shape of a giant mastaba. All this, and the
positional discrepancy first pointed out by Dr. Jaromir Malek in 1994 of
these two pyramid in relation to the Giza/Orion's belt datum compels me
now to discard them as part of the overall star correlation plan
instigated at Giza or assume, at best, the possibility that the
'unfinished' state of these pyramids reflects their ' inaccurate '
 astronomical positioning relative to Giza.

As for the two Dahshur pyramids, these are known with a reasonable
degree of certainty to have belonged to the pharaoh Snefru, father of
Cheops. I maintain my view that these two pyramids strongly appear to
represent the two principal stars of the Taurus-Hyades constellation,
although not necessarily tied to the datum or node of Giza. Here at
Dahshur the same applies as Giza, notably the meridian 'misalignment' of
the two Dahshur pyramids (a similar clue as the misalignment of the
Menkaure pyramid at Giza) and their relative position to the axis of the
Nile river. Other textual clues are discussed in great detail in The
Orion Mystery chap. 8).

Robert G. Bauval

Aloha, He'Ping,
Om, Shalom, Salaam.
Em Hotep, Peace Be,
Omnia Bona Bonis,
All My Relations.
Adieu, Adios, Aloha.
Roads End

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