-Caveat Lector-

 From: [EMAIL PROTECTED]
 Sent: Wednesday, August 18, 1999
 Subj: The most DEADLY Tobacco Facts (beyond Nicotine)
                         feds refuse to tell the public


 Dear Citizens, Patriots, Veterans, Smokers,
 their families, and side-stream Smokers:

 Please read this incredible post about the most deadly facts about
 tobacco smoke. Even after the $238 billion states' governments and
 tobacco industry scam supposedly settled the issue, our government
 and the tobacco companies still refuse to reveal to the public the
 REAL story of the harm done by tobacco.

 I will be writing a follow-up to this investigate research report
 about the outcome of the $238 billion "settlement" that was
 supposed to solve the problems.


 THE TOBACCO - FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CONSPIRACY

 Original Publication date:  July 1987
 Revised Publication date:  March 1991
 by Michael Johnson (Investigative Research Reporter)


 Are Tobacco Companies Clandestinely and Illegally
 Treating Smokers Medically Without Their Knowledge?

 Marina Del Rey, CA --    It is now common knowledge -- although
 tobacco companies still deny it -- that smoking, chewing, snuffing,
 sucking, or using tobacco in any form can increase a person's risk
 of developing cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

 The U. S. Public Health Service, the U. S. Surgeon General, the
 American Cancer Society, the American Lung Association, and the
 American Heart Association all declare and document the health
 hazards of using tobacco.

 There is current evidence that tobacco companies have purposely
 increased the amount of nicotine -- a highly addictive chemical
 stimulant -- in tobacco in order to get smokers "hooked" and
 addicted to tobacco.

 This is to force smokers to continue smoking and using tobacco so
 that tobacco companies can maintain their profits and continue
 operating their businesses, despite the known disease risks. And
 smokers have an extremely difficult time quitting due to the
 physiological and psychological addictions associated with tobacco
 use. Not only that, but the 1986 Surgeon General's Report documents
 that side-stream, or secondhand smoke, is even more dangerous and
 disease-causing to nonsmokers than to smokers.

 But there is an even more insidious crime being perpetrated against
 the public by the tobacco companies and that is that the tobacco
 companies may be conducting illegal and clandestine human medical
 treatment and experimentation without authorization or medical
 license upon unsuspecting tobacco users without their knowledge.

 This medical experimentation is in the form of adding to the
 tobacco certain toxic chemicals and medicines in order to secretly
 prevent and treat some of the diseases that the tobacco companies
 allege are not caused by tobacco.

 Specifically, the tobacco companies, by their own published
 admission in their trade publications, introduce a deadly
 pesticide-rodenticide called Warfarin or coumarin into the tobacco
 as a "flavoring." They call it a "flavoring" in order to cover up
 its true identity -- that is Rat Poison!

 What is even more incredible is that the federal Bureau of Alcohol,
 Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF), any doctor, biologist, chemist, or
 licensed pest control technician or agency, and even the U. S.
 Department of Agriculture, the U. S. Food and Drug Administration,
 the U. S. Public Health Service, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA),
 the Poison Control Center, and the Center for Disease Control
 agencies, and the various health organizations listed in the
 opening paragraph have known that coumarin-like compounds and
 Warfarin have been used as the active ingredient in rat poison
 since 1948.

 It is unthinkable that these protective agencies and professional
 personnel have not been able to "put two-and-two together" and
 realize that tobacco companies purposely add coumarin, which is a
 deadly poison formulated to kill mammals, specifically rodents,
 into tobacco, thereby making it extremely dangerous for human
 consumption.

 Likewise, it is equally unconscionable that these agencies have
 known that coumarin or Warfarin is added to tobacco and they have
 not banned either the use of coumarin in tobacco or tobacco use
 itself. Unthinkable and unconscionable as an this is, even the
 state of California enacted the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic
 Enforcement Act of 1986 and listed on July 1, 1987 in Chapter 3,
 Section 12000: Chemicals Known to the State to Cause Cancer or
 Reproductive Toxicity that Warfarin (with Chemical Abstracts
 Service (CAS) Registry Number 81812), in fact, does cause
 reproductive toxicity in humans.

 Isn't it amazing that within only one-half inch to one inch above
 and below the name Warfarin in a vertical column of a toxic
 chemicals list that tobacco smoke is listed to cause reproductive
 toxicity in both human males and females?

 By grade school deduction, doesn't it make sense that the reason
 tobacco smoke causes reproductive toxicity is because of the
 Warfarin in the tobacco?  As incredible as all this may seem, this
 is not the worst of the bad news! Scientists worldwide have
 determined that smoking tobacco, in addition to causing cancer also
 causes heart attacks and strokes, or cardiovascular and
 cerebrovascular diseases, respectively.

 The mechanism is essentially the same in both heart attacks, which
 affect the heart, and strokes, which affect the brain. Tobacco
 smoke not only causes constriction of the blood vessels that supply
 oxygenated blood to the heart muscle cells and brain cells, but it
 also causes the blood to form clots that can occlude blood flow to
 these highly delicate and sensitive tissues. If a tiny artery or
 capillary becomes clogged by a blood clot the tissue and cells
 immediately downstream of the blockage starve for oxygen.

 Within five minutes, irreversible heart and/or brain cell damage
 and tissue death occurs which causes the heart attack, or coronary
 infarct, and/or cerebrovascular (brain) accident (CVA) or stroke.

 Just what role do the tobacco companies play in this drama? The
 tobacco companies claim that carefully controlled scientific
 studies have never been able to prove explicitly or conclusively
 that tobacco use causes cancer or any other disease. The only
 "quasi" proof that the scientific researchers have been able to
 produce is through statistics that demonstrate that there is a very
 high correlation between tobacco use and cancer and cardiovascular
 diseases.

 But the tobacco companies claim that statistics never proved
 anything.  In fact, the tobacco industry has been able to show that
 there are statistically more nonsmokers who develop cancer and
 other related diseases than smokers (and, therefore, smoking
 doesn't cause cancer and other diseases, they claim).

 The current scientific explanation to answer the tobacco industry's
 claims is that because a smoker gets a more concentrated dose of
 tobacco smoke, a smoker's bodily defense and immune systems are
 readily activated due to the high concentration of harmful
 substances taken into the smoker's body and the smoker is
 immediately protected. However, in the case of a nonsmoker, the
 concentration of tobacco smoke inhaled by a nonsmoker from a
 smoker's cigarette is much lower -- so much so that the nonsmoker's
 defense systems are not activated and never get a chance to
 counteract the effects of the harmful tobacco smoke.

 Additionally, it has been shown that the mainstream smoke from a
 burning cigarette being inhaled gets filtered through the length of
 tobacco and since the combustion temperature is very high, there is
 a more complete combustion of tobacco and smoke products making
 them less toxic. But in the case of nonsmokers inhaling side-stream
 or secondhand smoke, the side-stream smoke burns at a lower
 temperature which creates much more dangerous and more toxic smoke
 particles and by-products, thus, making them more harmful to
 nonsmokers even at a lower concentration of tobacco smoke.

 But, so what? What does all of this have to do with the tobacco
 companies adding rat poison to the tobacco? How do they treat
 smokers medically? The rat poison is Warfarin or coumarin-like
 compounds that are blood anticoagulants. If tobacco smoke does, in
 fact, cause blood clots that block the coronary (heart) arteries
 and the cerebral (brain) arteries, then treating smokers, through
 the tobacco they smoke, with the administration of an anticoagulant
 may prevent blood clots from forming.

 According to the Physician's Desk Reference (PDR), 45th edition,
 1991, Product Information (pp. 547-548) and the United States
 Pharmacopeia (USP), 1990 edition (pp. 129-131, 699-701) on
 prescription drugs and medicines, Warfarin, coumarin, and a similar
 anticoagulant, Heparin, are used in surgery to prevent blood clots
 from forming secondary to an operation, such as open heart surgery,
 and the treatment for certain blood vessel, heart, and lung
 conditions.

 The contraindications for the use of coumarin and Warfarin in
 humans are the very same reasons it is used in rat poison. These
 anticoagulants cause the tiny capillaries and blood vessels to leak
 blood and cause internal bleeding or hemorrhage. In rats and in
 humans they cause gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and respiratory
 tract bleeding, in addition to cerebrovascular hemorrhage and
 cerebral and aortic aneurysms.

 In essence, rats and humans bleed to death internally and
 externally, which can be caused by capillary damage and/or very
 slight injuries or bumps and bangs, similar to the physiological
 effects caused by the deadly Ebola virus (hemorrhagic fever)
 infection. Warfarin does cause extensive liver, kidney, and adrenal
 gland damage as well.

 Dr. Donald Frear in Chemistry of the Pesticides (pp. 437-443)
 states that "the ideal rodenticide has been deemed as being
 odorless, tasteless and inevitably fatal, although it should be
 slow acting in order that all rodents in the area will have an
 opportunity to consume the poison without becoming suspicious."

 He continues that "the symptoms of acute poisoning should be
 absent, to avoid bait shyness, and the manner of death should be
 such that no suspicions are aroused in the rodent population
 surviving."

 This same non-suspicious reaction is present in tobacco smokers.

 William Hallenbeck and Kathleen Cunningham-Burns in Pesticides and
 Human Health (p. 15) state that Warfarin and coumarin-like
 compounds are "anticoagulants and antimetabolites of vitamin K and
 inhibit the synthesis of prothrombin (the clotting agent in blood).
 They explain that "repeated exposure is usually required for damage
 to occur," and that "numerous small exposures may be more damaging
 than one large dose" They also say that "since the rodents do not
 develop bait shyness they are fed to capacity until death."

 The same is true For tobacco smokers (they are fed tobacco smoke to
 capacity until death by cancer, heart attack, or stroke).

 The Association of American Pesticide Control Officials, Inc., in
 Pesticide Chemical Compendium, 1959 edition (p. 272) states that
 Warfarin "kills by causing hemorrhage when ingested over a period
 of days," and that "death (is caused) without evident pain or
 violent reactions -- autopsy shows hemorrhage, hematomas, internal
 organs pale from oxygen lack."

 The PDR (pp. 547-548), also, states that Warfarin can cause
 spontaneous abortions, fatal hemorrhage to the fetus in utero, and
 birth malformation in children born to women treated with Warfarin
 during pregnancy. The PDR (pp.  547-548) warns that "the most
 serious risks associated with anticoagulant therapy are hemorrhage
 in any tissue or organ" and necrosis and/or gangrene of the skin
 and other tissues which have led to death and/or permanent
 disability. "Severe cases have necessitated debridement or
 amputation of the affected tissue, limb, breast or penis."

 Therefore, it is very likely that the tobacco companies are hiding
 behind a curtain of clandestine deception, in one instance denying
 the dangers of heart attacks and strokes in smokers (because of
 "lack of proof"), and in the next instance medically treating
 smokers to prevent them from developing coronary occlusions and
 strokes due to blood clots with the induction or Warfarin or
 coumarin in the tobacco.

 It is time for our protective health agencies to analyze the
 morbidity and death statistics of smokers (and nonsmokers who work
 and live around smokers) to determine if there is a higher
 incidence of hemorrhage-type of disorders in them. Incidentally,
 even if coumarin added to tobacco could prevent clot-type strokes
 in the brain, an overdose in very small quantities over a long
 period of time could cause a bleeding or hemorrhagic stroke which
 is just as devastating.

 Is the tobacco industry practicing medicine without a license? Are
 the tobacco companies secretly adding coumarin or Warfarin to their
 tobaccos in a clandestine attempt to prevent or reduce some
 incidences of blood clot-caused coronaries and cerebrovascular
 accidents that they will not admit to publicly?

 A. A. Shmuk in volume III of The Chemistry and Technology of
 Tobacco, published in 1953 (pp. 548-555) states that coumarin and
 methylcoumarin were introduced into tobacco as an "aromatizer."
 Akehurst in Tobacco, 1966, (pp.  410-475) states that additives and
 flavorings are added to tobacco to improve it for two main reasons:
 "1) To mask faults such as bitterness, and generally soften the
 smoking taste and, with the aid of perfumes, to create a pleasing
 aroma from the tobacco. 2) To retain moisture and make the tobacco
 less susceptible to changes in atmospheric conditions."

 Akehurst (p. 473) continues that of the many different additives
 used in tobacco, the tonka bean whose active ingredient is
 coumarin, "emphasizes and holds the natural flavor sensations of
 the tobacco blend." Editor Ernst Voges in Tobacco Encyclopedia,
 1986, states that the allegations made against tobacco as being a
 cause of lung cancer and other diseases have not been proven. He
 says that "most of the allegations against smoking are based on
 'statistical associations' found in epidemiological studies." And
 that it is agreed among scientists "that a statistical association
 does not establish causation" (p. 460).

 One additional reason coumarin and sweeteners such as sugars are
 added to tobacco is because tobacco smoke is so harsh and toxic
 that a person would cough out the smoke before the addictive
 nicotine would have a chance to be drawn into the lungs and
 absorbed. The sweeteners allow the smoke to go into the lungs and
 remain long enough for the smoker to get his or her addictive "fix."

 Times staff writers Minnie Bernardino (September 26, 1985) and Joan
 Drake (October 22, 1987) have written in the Los Angeles Times
 newspaper that the imitation vanilla, "Mexican vanilla," which is
 made from the tonka bean, a member of the pea family, contains
 coumarin which was banned by the U. S.  Food and Drug
 Administration in the 1950s because researchers found that coumarin
 caused liver damage when fed to rats. The National Academy of
 Sciences in Toxicants Occurring Naturally in Foods ,1973, ( pp.
 453-455) adds that coumarin has caused growth retardation and
 testicular atrophy in dogs and bile-duct carcinoma in cats.

 So, why does the U. S. Food and Drug Administration not stop the
 tobacco companies from using coumarin in tobacco? The reason is
 bureaucratically simple: Tobacco is not controlled by the Food and
 Drug Administration but by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and
 Firearms which does not regulate food.  And, as it was explained to
 us by a very high ranking technical official at the BATF,
 Scientific Services Chemist John Steele, via telephone conversation
 on March 30, 1991, although the tobacco companies are prohibited
 from using coumarin as a food additive, they secretly import it
 dissolved in alcohol.  Alcohol is not regulated as a food and the
 BATF has no guidelines or regulations regarding coumarin dissolved
 in alcohol.

 So, the tobacco companies get away with medical malpractice and,
 literally, murder (deaths of smokers due to heart attacks, strokes,
 and cancer), all in the name of business viability and profits.

 Oh, by the way, we started this research project in 1987 when we
 found out from a list of chemicals found in tobacco published in
 the Los Angeles Times that coumarin was listed by the tobacco
 companies as a "flavoring." It is unbelievable that mainstream
 America and its protective government agencies still don't know its
 ramifications! On March 30, 1991, we called the BATF and asked them
 for a list of ingredients of additives in tobacco. We were told
 that there is a list but it is not available to anyone because it
 involved patented proprietary trade secret formulas and recipes
 that not even the U. S. Congress had access to. This is now the
 summer of 1997, and we still don't know if the tobacco companies
 have voluntarily divulged their "trade secret" formula tobacco
 additives.

 With the information related above, it is our sincere conviction
 that the tobacco companies know of the dangers of using coumarin in
 tobacco, and that they may be clandestinely and deceptively
 attempting to medically treat smokers to prevent "coronaries" and
 strokes through the action of coumarin.  This could also be an
 attempt to throw off the statistics that show tobacco causes these
 cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. At any rate, the
 tobacco companies should be investigated for performing human
 medical experimentation without authorization and practicing
 medicine without a license or the informed consent of the smokers
 involved.

 Additionally, the tobacco companies should be investigated for
 sneaking coumarin through the regulatory agency loopholes,
 especially in light of the fact that coumarin has been banned for
 use in food and its use must be prescribed by a licensed physician,
 as patients must be continuously monitored for any adverse
 reactions.

 To prove to yourself that coumarin and Warfarin are used as rat
 poison, just go down to the nearest supermarket and read the label
 on a package of d-CON Ready Mixed Generation II Kills Rats and Mice
 advanced anticoagulant formula rodenticide rat poison. If you see
 any word that refers to anticoagulant, Warfarin, or any scientific
 chemical that has the word root of "-coum-" in it, you should be
 convinced.

 One last thought regarding tobacco and its alleged cause of lung
 cancer.  It has already been proven that any form of radioactive
 contamination or radiation causes many types of malignant tumors or
 cancer. It is absolutely incredible to us that the tobacco
 companies and the U. S. Department of Agriculture both know that
 tobacco leaves have unsafe quantities of radioactive elements and
 isotopes that emit alpha, beta, and gamma radiation and, yet, they
 still claim that tobacco does not cause lung cancer.

 T. C. Tso writes in Physiology and Biochemistry of Tobacco Plants,
 1972, (pp. 91-99) a publication from Plant Science Research
 Division of the U. S.  Department of Agriculture, that many
 publications from 1953 through 1970 report the presence of gamma,
 alpha and beta radiation in leaf tobacco and tobacco smoke. In
 fact, there is so much radiation that the publication states that
 "most research efforts conducted by plant scientists in the
 radioelement area are aimed toward identifying the source of
 radiation and toward finding means for reduction or removal' (p.
 92). There is so much radiation that they have been able to devise
 intricate tables of the radionuclides and the decay scheme of
 uranium series. Some of the radioactive isotopes found in tobacco
 are radioactive potassium, rubidium, strontium, cesium, radium,
 polonium, radon, uranium, ionium, astatine, and lead.

 If even low levels of radiation from radon, radium, and uranium can
 cause cancer -- specifically lung cancer -- why can't radioactive
 contamination in tobacco cause cancer? How can the tobacco
 companies say tobacco does NOT cause lung cancer? More importantly,
 how can the U. S. Department of Agriculture develop the body of
 knowledge of radiation in tobacco, then sit idly by and not divulge
 the information, especially in light of the current, June 1997,
 negotiations between 40 state's attorney's general and the tobacco
 industry here in America?



 Bibliography:

 Akehurst, B. C. Tobacco. Tanzania; Longmans, 1966.

 American Lung Association. News From ALA. "Facts About Cigarette
 Smoking and Lung Disease." New York; ALA 1984.

 Barnhart Edward, R. PDR 45 Edition 1991. Physician's Desk
 Reference. Oradell, NJ: Medical Economic Data, 1991.

 Bernardino, Minnie. Los Angeles Times. "You Asked About . . .
 Questioning the Safety of the Use of Imitation Mexican Vanilla in
 Recipes." Sept. 26, 1985.  Los Angeles: L. A Times, 1985.

 Budavari Susan; The Merck Index. An Encyclopedia of Chemicals,
 Drugs, and Biologicals. Eleventh ed. Rahway, NJ: Merck, 1989.

 California, State of. Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act
 of 1986.  Chemicals Known to Cause Cancer of Reproductive Toxicity.
 Division 2 of Title 22, Section 12000 of the State of California
 Code of Regulations. Sacramento, CA: Health and Welfare Agency,
 1990.

 Californians For Non-Smokers Rights. "Tobacco Smoke and the
 Nonsmoker." Berkeley, CA: CNR, 1985.

 Centers For Disease Control. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
 "1986 Surgeon General's Report: Health Consequences of Involuntary
 Smoking." Dec 19, 1986, Vol. 35, No. 50. US Department of Health
 and Human Services.

 Crawford, W. Allen. Archives of Environmental Health. "On the
 Health Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke." Jan/Feb 1988. Vol.
 43. No. 1. Sydney, Australia: AEH, 1988.

 d-CON. d-CON Ready Mixed Generation II Kills Rats and Mice.
 Advanced Anticoagulant Formula Kills Warfarin-Resistant Rats;
 Active Ingredient: Brodifacoum 3.

 Downey, Charles. Los Angeles Times. Science/Medicine. "Discovering
 the Lethal Sides of Herbs." Nov. 12, 1990. Los Angeles, L. A. Time,
 1990.

 Drake, Joan. Los Angeles Times. "You Asked About...An Easy
 Substitute for Savor Salt." Oct. 22, 1987, Los Angeles. L. A.
 Times, 1987.

 Fielding, Jonathan E., and Kenneth J. Phenow. The New England
 Journal of Medicine. "Health Effects of Involuntary Smoking." Dec.
 1, 1988. Waltham, MA: NEJM, 1988.

 Frear, Donald E. H. Chemistry of the Pesticides. Third ed. New
 York: Van Nostrand, 19XX.

 Hallenbeck, William H., and Kathleen M. Cunningham-Burns.
 Pesticides and Human Health. New York: 19XX.

 Heagy, A. B. Pesticide Chemicals Official Compendium. Association
 of American Pesticide Control Officials, Inc. College Park, MD:
 AAPCO, 1959.

 National Academy of Sciences. Toxicants Occurring Naturally in
 Foods. Second ed. Washington, D.C.: NAS, 1973.

 Reference. Name Index and Basic List of Pesticides. Volume 1.
 Insecticides, Rodenticides. April 1969.

 Shmuk, A. A. The Chemistry and Technology of Tobacco. Volume III.
 Moscow: Pishchepromizdat, 1953.

 Steele, John, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. Personal
 Telephone Conversation. Alcohol and Tobacco Laboratory. Head ATF
 Chemist. Rockville, MD: BATF, March 30, 1991.

 Surgeon General. Surgeon General's Report. "The Health Consequences
 of Involuntary Smoking." Dec. 19, 1986. Vol. 35. No. 50. Rockville,
 MD: Public Health Service, 1986.

 Surgeon General. U. S. Surgeon General's Report on the Changing
 Cigarette.  Jan. 12, 1981. U.S. Department of Health and Human
 Services. Public Health Service.

 Tso, T. C. Physiology and Biochemistry of Tobacco Plants. Plant
 Science Research Division. U. S. Department of Agriculture.
 Stroudsburg, PA: Dowden, 1972.

 United States Pharmacopeia. USP Drug Information For The Consumer.
 Mount Vernon, NY: 1990.

 Voges, Ernst. Tobacco Encyclopedia. Tobacco Journal International.
 Germany: TJI, 1986.







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