Project Open Mind: A Quick
I have created the following timeline because it is important to understand the recent history of our Federal Government and how the activities of certain agencies under its authority do business. I want to make it clear that the United States government is certainly not the only government that has allowed experimentation on its own citizens. However, I would like to remind the reader that it is only in America where we have the right to publicly express our beliefs, our ideas, and our concerns, without fear of retribution. I would like to keep this right, and perhaps by teaching others that secrecy breeds unaccountability, we will not lose this right.
My timeline ends in 1980 because I feel that most of the books and information about mind control, UFOs, and alien abductions that have been published or televised since 1980 can still be located. Finally, this timeline was created as a quick reference guide to show the public how well the UFO phenomenon has been documented, as well as how thoroughly mind control and behavioral control have been studied.
1700s In his book, Flying Saucers from Outer Space, Major Donald Keyhoe references several sightings that occurred during the 1800s and even states that unusual objects and lights had been reported all over the world as far back as the 1700s.
1933 The official investigation into unidentified flying objects (UFOs) began when mysterious "ghost rockets" or "ghost aircraft" were sighted over Scandinavia, Britain, and the United States.
1939 World War II Began
1941 COI, the office of Coordinator of Information was created by President Roosevelt for General William J. Donovan, Roosevelt's special emissary. Donovan's goal was to fight the "new and important war." The psychological war. It was a war that would eventually be waged against the American people.
1942 Thousands of people in Los Angeles, California, witnessed a large UFO hovering over the city. 1,430 rounds of anti-aircraft shells were fired at the UFO in an attempt to bring the craft down. It failed. The craft moved toward Santa Monica and then Long Beach, and then disappeared from view.
1942 The OSS, Office of Strategic Services was formed to replace COI. The psychological warfare charter for the OSS was created. During the three years of its existence, "it developed psychological warfare into an effective weapon against the minds of civilian and military populations foreign and domestic alike."
1943 Small aerial vehicles of unknown origin were sighted by pilots during WW II. Neither the Germans, the Americans nor the British knew what they were or who they belonged to. Pilots nicknamed the objects "foo fighters." This same year, a piepan-shaped object was seen by a twenty-six year old ship-fitter in the Navy while in the Russell Islands. He would not officially report his sighting until 1947.
The war that involved every major power in the world was raging forward. In an attempt to build the first atomic bomb, the Manhattan Project soared into full flight. A large group of American and "European-refugee" scientists succeeded in building the first atomic bomb which finally ended World War II in 1945. World War II not only helped create the atomic bomb, it also made science the mobilization factor for the defense of a country.
1945 (Post war) the OSS was dismantled and the National Security Act created the command structure for the Cold War.
1946 "Ghost Rockets" and other unidentified flying objects continued to be reported over many different countries, world wide.
1947 June: veteran pilot Kenneth Arnold had a sighting of nine shiny crescent-shaped objects flying in formation near Mount Rainier, Washington. The objects were traveling "at least 1,200 miles per hour."
1947 July: the crash of what is believed to be an extraterrestrial craft of unknown origin made newspaper headlines. It is now known as "The Roswell Incident." In the United States alone, there were hundreds of reports of unidentified flying objects throughout the year.
1947 September: The CIA, Central Intelligence Agency was created to pick up where the OSS left off. According to Good, "the CIA...was created the same month as MJ-12." Still a hotly debated topic, "MJ-12 (Majestic 12) was a highly secret panel formed by President Truman to investigate UFOs and report its findings to the President."
1947 Project SIGN was created. It was the Air Force's study of UFOs, their performance and their purpose. "To preserve security, a liaison between Project SIGN and Majestic 12 was limited to two people within the intelligence division of Air Materiel Command." "Project SIGN was created to investigate [UFOs] and also conceal the truth from the public."
1948 The pilots of an Eastern Airlines DC-3 reported being on a collision course with a cigar-shaped object "about twice the diameter of a B-29 with no protruding surfaces." According to one of the pilots, "it pulled up with a tremendous burst of flame from the rear and zoomed into the clouds, its prop wash or jet wash rocking our DC-3."
1948 Project SIGN was renamed Project GRUDGE and the Air Force's study of UFOs was conducted under the code name "Blue Book." In reality, Project GRUDGE did not conduct a serious study of UFOs.
1948 UFO intrusions began to occur over sensitive military bases and nuclear installations across the United States. These intrusions were addressed in a 1952 secret CIA report.
1948 Perhaps 1949: Project TWINKLE was created by the Air Force in response to what they believed were extraterrestrial guided missiles that were exploded near Albuquerque, New Mexico.
1950 Project BLUEBIRD was approved by the first CIA Director, Roscoe Hillenkoetter. He also approved the use of unvouchered funds to pay for its sensitive areas. This began the CIA's first structured behavioral control program. Their goals consisted of "controlling an individual to the point where he will do our bidding against his will and even against such fundamental laws of nature as self-preservation." Some of their experimental subjects included North Korean prisoners of war and suspected double agents.
1951 Project GRUDGE is renamed Project BLUEBOOK
1951 U.S. military pilots reported UFOs near Iceland and in many locations across the United States.
1951 Project BLUEBIRD was renamed Project ARTICHOKE. The CIA director approved a liaison with the Army and Navy who were interested in finding a truth drug. Another liaison was formed with the Air Force who wanted to study interrogation techniques. Information was also exchanged with the Canadian and British governments.
Some of Project ARTICHOKE's experimental subjects included: suspected agents, suspected double agents, people who "had a known reason for deception," American college students (supposedly for more benign testing), and foreigners (since the CIA was more likely to try certain procedures out on them rather than American citizens.) "Terminal," or "to the death" experiments were usually carried out in other countries.
According to Bowart, the control method used on two agents involved drugs and hypnosis (narco-hypnosis). The subjects were hypnotically regressed and made to relive past experiences. Posthypnotic suggestions were given to induce total amnesia of their interrogations. The CIA called this experiment "very successful."
1951 Project CHATTER, a highly classified Navy program to search for a truth drug, began. They were looking for a way to make someone talk "fast" in the event of a security emergency. These experiments used barbiturates, amphetamines, and heroin. The drugs were supplied by the Bureau of Narcotics and pharmaceutical companies. Some of the experimental subjects included the scientists themselves, and mostly students.
1952 Another wave of UFO sightings occurred this year. "On July 19/20, UFOs were seen all over Washington, D.C. by the crews of several airliners, and were tracked on radar at Andrews AFB as well as Air Traffic Control Center at Washington National Airport."
1952 The NSA, National Security Agency is formed as a separately organized agency within the Department of Defense. Headquartered at Fort Meade, Maryland, its main functions are to protect U.S. government communications and intercept foreign communications. They have the ability to monitor, translate, and decipher communications of any kind.
1952 Project CASTIGATE began when the Navy and the CIA teamed up to test a "secret potion" that consisted of a depressant, a stimulant, and the active ingredient in marijuana. The drugs were to be administered over a three-day period. The experiment was carried out in Germany at a secret CIA base on a military installation. Experimental subjects included one known double agent, one suspected double agent and three defectors. Project CASTIGATE was considered a failure.
1952 MKNAOMI (Pronounced M-K NAOMI with M-K standing for mind control.) TSS's agreement with the Special Operations Division of the Army's biological research center at Fort Detrick, Maryland. SOD's job was to produce germ weapons for the CIA's use.
TSS stands for Technical Services Staff and was an agency referred to as "the Gadget Wizards," similar to what "Q" is to James Bond.
1952 Toward the end of 1952, the Air Force had over 1,500 new UFO reports in their files and 303 of those were unidentified. The sighting over Washington D.C. changed a lot for the Air Force. Since the publicity was overwhelming, a special panel was created to officially debunk UFOs. That panel was sponsored by the CIA and was called "The Robertson Panel."
1953 The Robertson Panel said: "The debunking aim would result in reduction of public interest in flying saucers, which today evokes a strong psychological reaction. This education could be accomplished by mass media such as television, motion pictures, and popular articles...Such a program should tend to reduce the current gullibility of the public and consequently their susceptibility to clever hostile propaganda."
[UPDATE/2000: After a "falling out" with his co-researcher Don Schmitt and realizing the Roswell case was never going to develop the way he wanted it to, in January 2000, Kevin Randle decided to begin debunking other researchers; most notably those investigating abductions. His credibility as a researcher has now come under serious scrutiny. Fortunately, information regarding the Robertson Panel's conclusions are not based on Randle's research and can be obtained on the Internet (www.blackvault.com), through organizations such as The Mutual UFO Network, or through a personal FOIA request.]
That same year an Air Force jet disappeared over northern Michigan while trying to intercept a UFO. According to Good, "...the incident has never been explained...no wreckage or the pilots were ever found."
1953 Project CHATTER was abandoned by the Navy.
1953 MKULTRA, a CIA program for the covert use of biological and chemical weapons began. Bowart states, "According to CIA documents, MKULTRA was 'an umbrella project for funding sensitive projects' and covered 'policy and procedures for the use of biochemicals in clandestine operations...' " "MKULTRA was exempted from normal CIA financial controls and allowed TSS to begin research projects without contracts or written agreements."
As usual, MKDELTA and MKNAOMI had already been set up prior to the CIA being given official permission for MKULTRA. MKDELTA became the operational side of MKULTRA.
MKULTRA focused on drugs, specifically LSD since the CIA had a phobia about LSD ending up in the hands of the Russians. The CIA wanted to use LSD as a weapon. The Russians and the Cold War were used as a national security excuse for most of the CIA's actions. The CIA studied hundreds of other drugs besides LSD, as well as experimenting with: "radiation, electroshock, psychology, sociology, anthropology, psychiatry, harassment substances and paramilitary devices and materials."
It appears that the scientists enjoyed trying these drugs on themselves, but they also used many hospital patients, volunteers (mostly students), inmates who were usually paid for their participation with more drugs, and eventually anyone the CIA could get, without their consent, of course. The CIA "scientists" even reduced themselves to misting and spraying unwitting American citizens as they walked down busy city streets. Later they would study how they could manipulate genes, and develop compounds that could simulate heart attack and stroke.
1954 "On May 5th, two huge objects maneuvered at a high altitude over D.C. The next day Navy radar tracked an enormous machine circling 90,000 feet above the capital...In June...the same spaceship or a similar one returned...this time it remained for two hours maneuvering between the capital and Baltimore"
1954 Project SIGMA was allegedly created to establish communications with aliens. It was said to have met with "positive success." If the first and second hand reports from the military men who have been based at the secret Groom Lake facility are true, then Project SIGMA did meet with success.
1957 A South American farmer named Antonio Villas-Boas was abducted by non-human beings and taken on board a craft that had landed in his field. Villas-Boas told his story to outsiders for the first time in 1958. It would be another four years before the Betty and Barney Hill abduction would occur in the United States.
1958 Major Donald Keyhoe, Director of the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomenon (NICAP), appeared as a guest on the "Armstrong Circle Theater Show." He had planned to make an announcement about what the United States government knew about UFOs. He began by stating, "And now I'm going to reveal something that has never been disclosed before...for the last six months we have been working with a congressional committee investigating official secrecy about UFOs..." At that moment the producer of the show (CBS) cut the audio and the public was not able to hear the remainder of Major Keyhoe's statement. Later it was determined to have been done because of pressure from Air Force "spokesmen" in the interest of national security.
1961 While driving home to New Hampshire from Canada one night in 1961, a couple named Betty and Barney Hill spotted a flying saucer in the sky. After many months of distress they sought psychiatric help. After several hypnotic regressions they recalled being abducted by humanoids (later called aliens.) This was the first reported case of abduction in the United States. Their story was published in 1966.
1964 MKULTRA became MKSEARCH. Many sub-projects stayed under MKULTRA while the most sensitive behavioral experiments went to MKSEARCH. These experiments were conducted on prisoners, terminal cancer patients and people who were described as mental "defectives." They also used radar waves on monkeys' brains (which risked "cooking" their brains) and one scientist took the head of one monkey and tried to attach it to the body of another. Other experiments involved studying telepathy, radio frequencies and memory.
1964 Reports began to come in from other people claiming to have seen alien beings in association with UFOs. Reports involving mysterious government men who attempted to silence the witnesses were reported as well. These mysterious men have been called MIBs or "Men In Black." There is speculation that these MIBs are CIA agents or men from another more secretive agency. There are also some ufologists and abduction researchers who believe the MIBs are really aliens disguised as humans.
This same year a UFO landing occurred and left behind physical evidence. The landing occurred in Socorro, New Mexico, and was witnessed by a police officer named Lonnie Zamora. The Air Force was involved in the investigation of this case and it remains listed as "unidentified."
1967 A man named Stephen Michalak came across a landed UFO near Falcon Lake, Canada. When he touched the craft a blast of hot air shot out of an exhaust grill and hit him. He immediately became nauseous and had a terrible headache. The burst of hot vapor created a painful burn mark on his stomach.
Project MOONDUST, although no creation date was given, is described by Good: "This project was, and possibly still is, a foreign space debris program of the U.S. Air Force System Command's Foreign Technology Division at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, and while its primary function would seem to be the recovery of missile and satellite debris, there are indications that it has also been involved in the recovery of more exotic artifacts." Allegedly, Project MOONDUST is involved in the recovery of crashed saucers.
1967 Or 1968, Project OFTEN/CHICKWIT was initiated by the Army Chemical Corps and the CIA's Office of Research and Development to create new drug compounds "that could be used offensively." Hallucinogens were tested on inmates in Pennsylvania, but very little is known about the experiments. "CIA documents mention 'several laboratory accidents' in which a drug designated as EA-3167 produced 'prolonged psychotic effects in laboratory personnel' "
It would appear that the CIA's drug testing continued throughout the 1970s since, "A CIA memo dated March 8, 1971, indicates that a backlog of more than twenty-six thousand drugs had been acquired 'for future screening' "
1969 Project BLUEBOOK was officially terminated. Since it has been made public, every serious researcher now knows that Project BLUEBOOK was nothing more than a well-planned cover-up of UFO sightings, UFO photographs, UFO videos, and UFO investigations, by the Government of the United States.
MKSEARCH continued into the early 1970's, and more experiments were performed under ORD, the Office of Research and Development. Some of these experiments consisted of implanting electrodes into the brains of cats, dogs, and reptiles and controlling the animals remotely. Animal experiments were always (and still are) performed first and heinously, but we don't hear much about these atrocities.
According to Bowart, the following agencies were involved in behavior modification and behavioral research projects: the Defense Department, the Department of Labor, the National Science Foundation, the Veteran's Administration, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, the National Institute of Mental Health, the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (under the Department of Justice). "All of the above agencies were named in secret CIA documents as those who provided research 'cover' for MKULTRA."
1970 Throughout the decade of the seventies, a wave of UFO sightings occurred in Bolivia, Spain, Korea, Iran, and Peru.
1972 Project SNOWBIRD was allegedly established to test fly recovered alien craft and is said to be continuing in Nevada. Project AQUARIUS, which is still classified, is also allegedly related to the study of UFOs. At the very least, we know it is a classified long-term project.
1973 While fishing one night in Pascagoula, Mississippi, Charles Hickson and Calvin Parker heard a zapping sound. When they looked in the direction of the sound, to their amazement - they saw a craft approaching. There was no engine noise, just a pulsing blue light. So began another abduction of humans by non-human beings. Their case was investigated by (the late) Dr. Allen Hynek, Professor of Astronomy at Northwestern University, a leading UFO expert in America. The case was made public, first by the press, and then by Charles Hickson himself.
1977 After the trials and tribulations of the CIA in the mid seventies, President Carter appointed his former Annapolis classmate, Admiral Stansfield Turner, head of the intelligence community. According to Bowart, "In so doing he gave him sweeping powers which no other intelligence director in the history of the United States has ever possessed....Appearing to reorganize it under Turner, he merely strengthened its totalitarian potential."
1980 During litigation against the CIA by Citizens Against UFO Secrecy (CAUS), a representative of the NSA "admitted in a court hearing that the NSA had found a total of 239 documents on UFOs that were relevant to FOIA requests."
1980 In December, a fiery object was seen in the Texas night sky by a woman named Betty Cash, her friend Vickie Landrum, and her seven year old grandson Colby. The object had flames shooting down from it and the three witnesses got out of their car to get a better look. The object was diamond-shaped and was making beeping sounds. It was surrounded by twenty-three Chinook helicopters that, oddly, appeared to be escorting the fiery craft. After their "sighting," "Betty had a blinding headache, pains in her neck and nodules on her head and scalp that burst, seeping clear fluid. She suffered from vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. Four days later she was admitted to the hospital as a burn victim...[later]...Betty developed breast cancer and underwent a mastectomy."
The witnesses sued the U.S. government, but "their case was eventually dismissed on the grounds that no such object was owned, operated or in the inventory of the Air Force, Army, Navy, or NASA."
It is generally believed by many individuals, including the authors of several of the references I have sited, that neither the "cryptocracy's" mind control projects nor their UFO projects were terminated in the early seventies. Because our government allows these agencies to operate in secret, there is no accountability.
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