Dear Prof. Moaz Reyad,

Nice to discuss with you, I am currently with NUS as a research fellow, and 
working with my peer co-workers (e.g. shicong/dcslin, joddly, shicheng, wanqi, 
pinpom, etc.) on SINGA leaded by our boss. I am Chris Yeung and this is my 
first time to join the discussion here.

I agree with you. As a researcher and developer, I totally feel the same since 
code quality is very important. The code analysis tool could save our time and 
improve coding quality.

In this email, please let me share my own personal view, concerning some recent 
daily practice in our local team which is currently using to enhance code 

We are currently using the tools like cpplint and pylint to check and reformat 
the code so that we make sure our code is in compliance with the google style.

Concerning our SINGA website, the new developers are suggested to read the 
following SINGA doc web page before they join developing the SINGA, which gives 
a complete and useful guide for their development:

The above website recommends a very simple approach to enforce the Google 
coding styles: We can use the VS Code editor ( 
and set the linting and formating tools. First, we need to install the C/C++ 
extension and python extension. Then, we can edit the seetings.json as:

"editor.formatOnSave": true,

"python.formatting.provider": "yapf",

"python.formatting.yapfArgs": [


    "{based_on_style: google}"


"python.linting.enabled": true,

"python.linting.lintOnSave": true,

"C_Cpp.clang_format_style": "Google"

A reference settings.json file can be found here:

The developers are suggested to fix the format errors before submitting the PRs 
(pull requests).

In addition to the code quality improving tool, we also have the tools for 
adding documentations. The procedures to contribute for the documentation is in 
our SINGA doc web page:

In our recent development, we always perform peer discussion in the local team, 
formally meeting with our boss almost everyday, and seek advise from our boss 
whenever any problems arise. We learn from each other and improve ourselves 

The above is just to share my own personal view, concerning our recent 
experience that also concerns code quality. Thank you very much for listening!

Best Regards,

Research Fellow

Chris YEUNG Sai Ho 
( and

Sent from Mail<> for Windows 10

From: Wang Wei<>
Sent: Sunday, 15 September 2019 2:38 PM
Subject: Re: [DISCUSS] Improve code quality

Hi Moaz,

I agree with you.
We did take some efforts to improve the code quality.
[1] introduces some tools for enforcing the coding style.
[2] introduces some tools for adding documentations.

The current issue is that our contributors may have applied different
coding styles and tools using their different editors.
I suggest to do some tests during the CI process, e.g., running the cpplint
and pylint.
If all tests pass, then we merge the PR.




On Sun, Sep 15, 2019 at 2:36 AM Moaz Reyad <> wrote:

> Dear team,
> Since SINGA is going to graduate soon from the incubator, I propose to use
> some tools to ensure high code quality. These tools check for known
> problems in the code and provide a detailed report for fixing them. May be
> some code came from scientific experimental projects. We need to improve
> this code according to industry standards, so it can be used with more real
> life projects.
> 1. I propose to add the code quality tools (cpplint[1], pylint[2] and
> lgtm[3]) to SINGA contribution guideline[4], so that each developer is
> encouraged to install and run code quality checks in his local repo and fix
> any problems before creating a pull request.
> 1.A CPP Lint: running cpplint in the src directory shows 822 errors, while
> running in the include directory shows 708 errors. The guidelines [4] has
> an outdated information that instructs developers to use an old
> non-existing file tool/
> 1.B Python Lint: running pylint in python/singa shows 5.00/10 rating, while
> running in python/rafiki shows 0.00/10 rating.
> 1.C LGTM :There is a Jira ticket for adding LGTM badges to the README[5],
> so the quality of the code becomes more clear to everyone. LGTM pull
> request automation can't be enabled in Apache repo due to infra
> restrictions[6], but it works on personal forks of the project. Currently
> LGTM rates both C++ and Python code in SINGA as grade D.
> 2. I propose also to give the code quality higher priority in the next
> release since it is probably going to be the first release after
> graduation. The team is invited to fix as much as possible from the current
> code issues and to use tools that check their new code before pushing it to
> SINGA. Let's try to make the lgtm grade and lint rating as high as
> possible.
> Improving code quality is required to attract new users and developers.
> Users will trust more the project with better code and developers will be
> happy to contribute to it. It will also make the code review process easier
> and more productive instead of wasting time in finding and fixing known
> code problems.
> New developers (or old developers who did not contribute for a while and
> would like to warm up) can start working on fixing lgtm and lint issues,
> since they are usually easy and there is a clear explanation of the problem
> and how to solve it.
> What do you think?
> p.s. This discussion is the first topic in a series of proposals to improve
> SINGA as it will be an Apache top level project soon. The next proposal
> will discuss improving the build and test pipeline in a separate thread to
> avoid discussing too many things in one thread.
> best regards,
> Moaz
> [1]
> [2]
> [3]
> [4]
> [5]
> [6]


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