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https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/XALANJ-2419?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=16438864#comment-16438864
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Jesper Steen Møller commented on XALANJ-2419:
---------------------------------------------

[~thetaphi]: I'm sure it could be fixed, but would anybody care?

I mean, it's been almost 8 years...

> Astral characters written as a pair of NCRs with the surrogate scalar values 
> when using UTF-8
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: XALANJ-2419
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/XALANJ-2419
>             Project: XalanJ2
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Serialization
>    Affects Versions: 2.7.1
>            Reporter: Henri Sivonen
>            Priority: Major
>         Attachments: XALANJ-2419-fix.txt, XALANJ-2419-tests.txt
>
>
> org.apache.xml.serializer.ToStream contains the following code:
>                     else if (m_encodingInfo.isInEncoding(ch)) {
>                         // If the character is in the encoding, and
>                         // not in the normal ASCII range, we also
>                         // just leave it get added on to the clean characters
>                         
>                     }
>                     else {
>                         // This is a fallback plan, we should never get here
>                         // but if the character wasn't previously handled
>                         // (i.e. isn't in the encoding, etc.) then what
>                         // should we do?  We choose to write out an entity
>                         writeOutCleanChars(chars, i, lastDirtyCharProcessed);
>                         writer.write("&#");
>                         writer.write(Integer.toString(ch));
>                         writer.write(';');
>                         lastDirtyCharProcessed = i;
>                     }
> This leads to the wrong (latter) if branch running for surrogates, because 
> isInEncoding() for UTF-8 returns false for surrogates. It is always wrong 
> (regardless of encoding) to escape a surrogate as an NCR.
> The practical effect of this bug is that any document with astral characters 
> in it ends up in an ill-formed serialization and does not parse back using an 
> XML parser.



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