On 05/19/17 03:35, Gao, Liming wrote:
> Laszlo:
>   Based on your analysis, the parameter type should be changed from BOOLEAN 
> to INT32 to match its promotion type. Right?
Not necessarily.

BOOLEAN (unsigned char) is indeed promoted to INT32 (int), so BOOLEAN is
not appropriate.

But any integer type that is compatible with the promoted type is fine.
Such types are basically all the integer types whose integer conversion
rank is equal to, or larger than, the rank of "int" and "unsigned int".
That means INT32, UINT32, INT64, UINT64, INTN, UINTN. Any of these are
fine, because they are not changed by integer promotion. The patch
picked UINTN, so it's OK.

Laszlo

> 
> Thanks
> Liming
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: edk2-devel [mailto:edk2-devel-boun...@lists.01.org] On Behalf Of
>> Laszlo Ersek
>> Sent: Thursday, May 18, 2017 6:20 PM
>> To: Sergei Temerkhanov <s.temerkha...@gmail.com>; Gao, Liming
>> <liming....@intel.com>
>> Cc: edk2-devel@lists.01.org
>> Subject: Re: [edk2] [PATCH] MdePkg: Fix undefined behavior on variadic
>> parameters
>>
>> On 05/16/17 14:10, Sergei Temerkhanov wrote:
>>> On Tue, May 16, 2017 at 8:10 AM, Gao, Liming <liming....@intel.com>
>> wrote:
>>>> Sergey:
>>>>   Could you give more detail on the undefined behavior on variadic
>> parameters?
>>>>
>>>>   I see https://bugzilla.tianocore.org/show_bug.cgi?id=410 describe this
>> issues found in the latest CLANG tool chain. Do you find other tool chain
>> reports it?
>>>
>>> Yes, this is exactly the bug this patch fixes.
>>>
>>> As per the C99 standard:
>>> "The parameter parmN is the identifier of the rightmost parameter in
>>> the variable parameter list in the function definition (the one just
>>> before the , ...). If the parameter parmN is declared with the
>>> register storage class, with a function or array type, or with a type
>>> that is not compatible with the type that results after application of
>>> the default argument promotions, the behavior is undefined."
>>>
>>> That's exactly the case here since BOOLEAN is a typedef for unsigned
>>> char. It undergoes a promotion to an unsigned int
>>
>> Side topic:
>>
>> It is promoted, but not to "unsigned int".
>>
>> The standard says, in "6.3.1.1 Boolean, characters, and integers",
>> paragraph 2,
>>
>>    The following may be used in an expression wherever an /int/ or
>>    /unsigned int/ may be used:
>>
>>    — An object or expression with an integer type whose integer
>>      conversion rank is less than or equal to the rank of /int/ and
>>      /unsigned int/.
>>    — A bit-field of type /_Bool/, /int/, /signed int/, or
>>      /unsigned int/.
>>
>>    If an /int/ can represent all values of the original type, the value
>>    is converted to an /int/; otherwise, it is converted to an
>>    /unsigned int/. These are called the /integer promotions/. [...]
>>
>> On all supported edk2 platforms, "unsigned char"'s range is 0..255
>> inclusive, which can be represented by "int" (again on all supported
>> edk2 platforms). So the promotion occurs to "int", not "unsigned int"
>>
>>
>> Furthermore, in place of the suggested UINTN type (which is fine), the
>> following further types would be correct: INT32, UINT32, INT64, UINT64,
>> INTN. The reason is that all of these map to standard C types, on all
>> edk2 platforms, whose integer conversion ranks are not less than that of
>> "int" and "unsigned int". Hence they are all unaffected by the integer
>> promotions.
>>
>> (This digression does not affect your main point, which remains correct;
>> I just wanted to be precise here, since we're quoting the standard.)
>>
>> Thanks
>> Laszlo
>>
>>> which is not a
>>> compatible type for unsigned char. Correct me if I'm wrong.
>>>
>>> Regards,
>>> Sergey
>>>
>>>>
>>>> Thanks
>>>> Liming
>>>>> -----Original Message-----
>>>>> From: edk2-devel [mailto:edk2-devel-boun...@lists.01.org] On Behalf Of
>> Sergey Temerkhanov
>>>>> Sent: Tuesday, May 16, 2017 10:57 AM
>>>>> To: edk2-devel@lists.01.org
>>>>> Subject: [edk2] [PATCH] MdePkg: Fix undefined behavior on variadic
>> parameters
>>>>>
>>>>> Fix undefined behavior by avoiding parameter type promotion
>>>>>
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Sergey Temerkhanov <s.temerkha...@gmail.com>
>>>>> ---
>>>>>  MdePkg/Include/Library/UefiLib.h | 2 +-
>>>>>  MdePkg/Library/UefiLib/UefiLib.c | 2 +-
>>>>>  2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>>>
>>>>> diff --git a/MdePkg/Include/Library/UefiLib.h
>> b/MdePkg/Include/Library/UefiLib.h
>>>>> index 0b14792..4e4697c 100644
>>>>> --- a/MdePkg/Include/Library/UefiLib.h
>>>>> +++ b/MdePkg/Include/Library/UefiLib.h
>>>>> @@ -818,7 +818,7 @@ CHAR8 *
>>>>>  EFIAPI
>>>>>  GetBestLanguage (
>>>>>    IN CONST CHAR8  *SupportedLanguages,
>>>>> -  IN BOOLEAN      Iso639Language,
>>>>> +  IN UINTN      Iso639Language,
>>>>>    ...
>>>>>    );
>>>>>
>>>>> diff --git a/MdePkg/Library/UefiLib/UefiLib.c
>> b/MdePkg/Library/UefiLib/UefiLib.c
>>>>> index a7eee01..74528ec 100644
>>>>> --- a/MdePkg/Library/UefiLib/UefiLib.c
>>>>> +++ b/MdePkg/Library/UefiLib/UefiLib.c
>>>>> @@ -1514,7 +1514,7 @@ CHAR8 *
>>>>>  EFIAPI
>>>>>  GetBestLanguage (
>>>>>    IN CONST CHAR8  *SupportedLanguages,
>>>>> -  IN BOOLEAN      Iso639Language,
>>>>> +  IN UINTN      Iso639Language,
>>>>>    ...
>>>>>    )
>>>>>  {
>>>>> --
>>>>> 2.7.4
>>>>>
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>>
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