On 15 Apr 2002, at 16:17, Juergen Schmidhuber wrote:
> I am also interested in pointers to early fiction. For decades
> SF authors have been writing about downloading minds onto machines.
> And when I was a kid in the 1970s (?) I heard a fictional play on the
> radio (maybe British?) about researchers in a submarine who discover
> that they are actually living in a rather crude computer simulation.
> I came across variants of this theme again and again in numerous
> more recent SF novels - but who was the first to write down such
I don't know who is the first, but there is the fabulous novel "Simulacron
3" by Daniel F. Galouye, first published in 1964.
Scientists simulate a town in a big computer to collect marketing data.
There is an amazing description of a memory page exception, lived by a
simulated character !
It has been adapted by Josef Rusnak as "The Thirteenth Floor". (I haven't
see the movie.)