On 15 Apr 2002, at 16:17, Juergen Schmidhuber wrote:

> I am also interested in pointers to early fiction.  For decades
> SF authors have been writing about downloading minds onto machines.
> And when I was a kid in the 1970s (?) I heard a fictional play on the
> radio (maybe British?) about researchers in a submarine who discover
> that they are actually living in a rather crude computer simulation.
> I came across variants of this theme again and again in numerous
> more recent SF novels - but who was the first to write down such
> ideas?

I don't know who is the first, but there is the fabulous novel "Simulacron 
3" by Daniel F. Galouye, first published in 1964.

Scientists simulate a town in a big computer to collect marketing data. 
There is an amazing description of a memory page exception, lived by a 
simulated character !

It has been adapted by Josef Rusnak as "The Thirteenth Floor". (I haven't 
see the movie.)


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