Alfred Russell Wallace developed a theory of evolution about the same 
time as Darwin, but his model allowed for Aristotle"end causation", 
meaning goal-directed change. 

To the Darwinian materialists of the time, this smacked of the 
hand of God controlling evolution, so Wallace's theory
was generally ignored. 

But goal-directed change is another term for the 2nd Law 
of Thermodynamics, which holds that energy tends to flow downhill.
This means goal-directed  or "end-caused" action,
so that it makes no sense to say that evolution is
merely the product of efficient causes, but -- if I may say so-
is also guided by a larger hand, that of God or entropy.

Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000]
See my Leibniz site at

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