Alfred Russell Wallace developed a theory of evolution about the same
time as Darwin, but his model allowed for Aristotle"end causation",
meaning goal-directed change.
To the Darwinian materialists of the time, this smacked of the
hand of God controlling evolution, so Wallace's theory
was generally ignored.
But goal-directed change is another term for the 2nd Law
of Thermodynamics, which holds that energy tends to flow downhill.
This means goal-directed or "end-caused" action,
so that it makes no sense to say that evolution is
merely the product of efficient causes, but -- if I may say so-
is also guided by a larger hand, that of God or entropy.
Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000]
See my Leibniz site at
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