Perception and consciousness according to Leibniz-
The secret of perception. Particular minds and how they relate to the overall
or Cosmic Mind
The problem of perception in materialistic thinking is that it forces us to
think that there is a fleshly homunculus
Leibniz has a more complicated understanding of particular minds and how they
relate to Cosmic Mind.
In Leibniz's metaphysics, there is only one mind (the Perceiver or Cosmic Mind
or God) that
perceives and acts, doing this through the Surpreme (most dominant) monad.
It perceives the whole universe with perfect clarity.
Only it can perceive and act, because its monads (which includes our minds)
have no windows.
The monads (our minds) perceive only indirectly, as the Supreme Monad is the
--what we would call-- "conscious" mind. We only think and perceive indirectly,
as the Supreme Monad continually and instantly updates its universe of
monads. Thus there is no problem communing with God (the Cosmic Mind)
as we do so continually and necessarily, although only aqccording to our own
That we ourselves, not God, appear to be the perceiver is thus only apparent.
Also, because Cosmic Mind sees the entire universe as viewed by a kaleidoscope
individual monads, the perceptions it returns to us contains not only what
we see (the universe from our own individual perspectives) but what the
perceptions of all of the other monads. Thus each monad knows everything
in the universe, but only from its own perspective, and monads being monads,
not perfectly clear but distorted.
Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000]
See my Leibniz site at
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