Some basic principles of mind - a wakeup call for materialists.

1. There are two forms of knowledge: a) knowledge by acquaintance,
    such as you have met Obama, and b) knowledge by description, such
    as you have been told that Obama is president of the USA.

2. Knowledge by acquaintance is personal knowledge (Michael Polanyi)
    and is only available to platonists. It is also called knowledge by
    the first person singular. Knowledge by description is third person 
    knowledge and is available to both platonists and materialists.

3. Analytic philosophy deals only in knowledge by description,
    so while useful to materialists, is not too useful to deal directly 
    with mind, which uses knowledge by acquaintance.

4. Actual mind is only accessible to platonists, not materialists,
    because mind deals only with personal knowledge.

5. Consciousness is experience by the first person singular.
    Since computers can only deal with third person information,
    they cannot be conscious (or alive).

6. Perception of the world outside is the conversion
    of incoming incoming sensory nerve signals into mental events.

7. Intelligence is the ability to autonomously make choices.
    This means that computers, since they can only do what is
    given to them from outside by a programmer, 
    can have no true intelligence. Actual artificial intelligence is
    thus impossible.

8. Thinking is any intentional act by the mind.

9. The mind has no necessary connections to the brain.

10. The mind plays the brain like a violin. 

11. Life is Mind.

The list goes on.

Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000]
See my Leibniz site at

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