Dear FISers, In reply to Arturo Tozzi's incisive observations about the occurrence of phenomenon A implying the occurrence of phenomenon B, there are two quantifiable means of testing the concurrence of A and B.
1. Spatially overlapping. Every physical phenomenon can be represented by a set of particles. Let A and B be sets of particles that overlap. That is, some particles in A also appear in B. If the A and B overlap, then the occurrence of A guarantees the occurrence of B. Example: If A is a set of photons in an optical Soliton X, we can always find one or more photons in A that are also in a set of photons B in X. 2. Descriptively overlapping. Every physical phenomenon has features that are also features of other physical phenomena. Let A and B be sets of particles with one features, namely, volume and colour. This means that A and B are described with a feature vector of the form (volume, colour). Colour in this case would be either a dominant color intensity value such as green or an average colour value. The sets of particles A and B overlap descriptively, provided the feature vector that describes A matches the feature vector that describes B. Example: If an optical soliton A collides with water molecules, then A has a particular volume and one can observe a band of colours from refraction of the light from the collision of A with the water molecules. Both the volume of A and the dominant colour in the refraction from A can be measured at an instant in time. Then if B is another optical solition described by a feature vector (volume, colour), which matches A, then A and B overlap descriptively. These two cases are the beginning of an approach to answering Arturo Tozzi's challenge. Best, Jim ------------------------------------------------------------------------ James F. Peters, Professor Computational Intelligence Laboratory, ECE Department Room E2-390 EITC Complex, 75 Chancellor's Circle University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V6 Canada Office: 204 474 9603 Fax: 204 261 4639 email: james.pete...@ad.umanitoba.ca https://www.researchgate.net/profile/James_Peters/?ev=hdr_xprf ________________________________________ From: Fis [fis-boun...@listas.unizar.es] on behalf of tozziart...@libero.it [tozziart...@libero.it] Sent: March 4, 2018 6:30 AM To: email@example.com Subject: [Fis] testable previsions Dear FISers, I read about a lot of models and theories. May you provide, please, just a single empirically testable, quantifiable prediction suggested by your framework? I mean: "If the phenomenon a occurs, then the phenomenon b occurs". Given your own model, may you fill the letters "a" and "b" with anything that is testable with an experiment? Thanks a lot. Arturo Tozzi AA Professor Physics, University North Texas Pediatrician ASL Na2Nord, Italy Comput Intell Lab, University Manitoba http://arturotozzi.webnode.it/ _______________________________________________ Fis mailing list Fis@listas.unizar.es http://listas.unizar.es/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/fis