Dear FISers,

In  reply to Arturo Tozzi's incisive observations about the occurrence
of phenomenon A implying the occurrence of phenomenon B, there are
two quantifiable means of testing the concurrence of A and B.

1.  Spatially overlapping.   Every physical phenomenon can be represented
by a set of particles.   Let A and B be sets of particles that overlap.   That 
some particles in A also appear in B.   If the A and B overlap, then the
occurrence of A guarantees the occurrence of B.

Example: If A is a set of photons in an optical Soliton X, we can always find
one or more photons in A that are also in a set of photons B in X.

2.  Descriptively overlapping.  Every physical phenomenon has features that
are also features of other physical phenomena.   Let A and B be sets of 
with one features, namely, volume and colour.   This means that A and B are
described with a feature vector of the form (volume, colour).   Colour in this
case would be either a dominant color intensity value such as green or an 
colour value.

The sets of particles A and B overlap descriptively, provided the feature 
that describes A matches the feature vector that describes B.

Example: If an optical soliton A collides with water molecules, then A has a
particular volume and one can observe a band of colours from refraction of
the light from the collision of A with the water molecules.    Both the volume 
A and the dominant colour in the refraction from A can be measured at an instant
in time.   Then if B is another optical solition described by a feature vector
(volume, colour), which matches A, then A and B overlap descriptively.

These two cases are the beginning of an approach to answering Arturo Tozzi's


James F. Peters, Professor
Computational Intelligence Laboratory, ECE Department
Room E2-390 EITC Complex, 75 Chancellor's Circle
University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB  R3T 5V6 Canada
Office: 204 474 9603   Fax: 204 261 4639
From: Fis [] on behalf of 
Sent: March 4, 2018 6:30 AM
Subject: [Fis] testable previsions

Dear FISers,

I read about a lot of models and theories.

May you provide, please, just a single empirically testable, quantifiable 
prediction suggested by your framework?

I mean:

"If the phenomenon a occurs, then the phenomenon b occurs".

Given your own model, may you fill the letters "a" and "b" with anything that 
is testable with an experiment?

Thanks a lot.

Arturo Tozzi

AA Professor Physics, University North Texas

Pediatrician ASL Na2Nord, Italy

Comput Intell Lab, University Manitoba

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