Synchromy by Norman McLaren is a great example.  He photographed printed cards 
that went both on the sound space and the visual space of the film.  And check 
out all the series of tests he made for similar experiments.  You can find them 
in the DVD box set of his work.

For more recent work:
-Apollo by Tom Nishikawa is great.  He shoots high-contrast pictures on 16mm by 
using a 35mm camera to cover the whole 16mm strip with images.  He has some 
other pinhole films that work on a similar dynamic.

-TB TX Dance by Roger Bebee is also a great piece that ironically synchs visual 
sound with image.

Date: Wed, 11 Feb 2015 08:10:25 -0500
Subject: Re: [Frameworks] Optical sound - Structural film

Lis Rhodes: Light Music for two projectors facing each other. It's very intense!





-----Original Message-----

From: Amanda Christie <>

To: Experimental Film Discussion List <>

Sent: Wed, 11 Feb 2015 13:00

Subject: Re: [Frameworks] Optical sound - Structural film

Norman McLaren made several films by animating directly onto the optical track.

There is even a short documentary of him doing this in the film called "Pen 
Point Percussion" where they film him working on a film called "Dots"

You can view his work online on the National Film Board website:

Is there a reason that you're keeping it to the 60s and 70s?

I can think of other artists, such Richard Reeves, as well as myself, who have 
done work directly on optical tracks in the last 20 years.


Amanda Dawn Christie




On 2015-02-11, at 7:02 AM, Peter Mudie wrote:

Rarely discussed, but a fantastic film – one of the best from the LFMC.



From:  Pip Chodorov <>

Reply-To:  Experimental Film Discussion List <>

Date:  Wednesday, 11 February 2015 6:31 pm

To:  Albert Alcoz <>, Experimental Film Discussion List 

Subject:  Re: [Frameworks] Optical sound - Structural film

There's "Ten Drawings" by Steve Farrer (1976)

At 8:46 +0000 11/02/15, Albert Alcoz wrote:

Does anybody know structural or structural-materialist or minimal/abstract 
films from the sixties or seventies where the sound of the film comes directly 
from the graphic treatment on the
 optical sound area of the celluloid?


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