On Wed, Sep 12, 2012 at 10:46 AM, Gary Kline <kl...@thought.org> wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 12, 2012 at 07:31:45AM +0100, Matthew Seaman wrote: > > On 12/09/2012 00:14, Polytropon wrote: > > > % cksum <directory> > > > > > > and could obtain a checksum - so it _seems_ to work. > > > After alteration of one file within the hierarchy a > > > different result was printed. > > > > That will give you a checksum on the directory inode -- file names and > > associated metadata only, not file content. In theory you could edit a > > file without modifying any of the timestamps, and that wouldn't result > > in any change to the directory checksum. Also, modifying things a few > > layers down the filesystem hierarchy won't have any effect either. > > > > Generally I find the best test for differences between old and new > > copies of a filesystem is 'rsync -avx -n ...' > > > > Also, sum and cksum have way too small a key size for this to be > > reliable, since you can't tell a true result from a hash collision. Use > > md5 or sha1 or sha256 for best results. > > > > So this sha256 is *real*?? I have no md5 on my "fedora" > that is on my desktop and m having trouble getting used to. > but the gentleman who recommened cpio was right on the money. > are you sure it's not 'md5sum' ? ... that seems to be on all my GNU/Linux machines. Waitman Gobble San Jose California USA > > note that I am loathe to spam this list with the following mail > from my > files in sept, 1988, but here it is. if I had only gr -r -w cpio > around in all my directories, I would have found this, sent to one > Dirm > Myers across the pond :: > > > === > > >From kline Sat Sep 5 11:52:20 1998 > Subject: lost mail file... > To: di...@buster.dhis.eu.org (Dirk Myers) > Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 11:52:20 -0700 (PDT) > Organization: <> thought.org: public access uNix in service... <> > X-Mailer: ELM [version 2.4ME+ PL32 (25)] > MIME-Version: 1.0 > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=US-ASCII > Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit > Content-Length: 2283 > Status: RO > > > Yesterday morning I began composing the next two Q's and A's > in my mailer. Last night in the wee hours there was a power > glitch and I lost the mail. > > Enclosed is the first//next Q/A. I'll send along another one > or two later today. One that I was playing around with *failed* > and I'm trying to figure out why. > > ----- > > How can I uise my FBSD floppy drive to copy files to it (in this case, > at work), and retrieve the files on my FBSD systtem at home. So far > I've only seen examples that used floppies with a filesystem on them. > Is there a simplr, more direct way? > > You can treat the 'raw' floppy device as if it is a tape drive, and > use typically UNIX tape tools to read/write, such as tar and cpio. > For instance, to copy the current directory onto a floppy to > take home at night: > > (put the floppy in the drive, and cd to the directory where > the files are; then ) > > % tar -cvf /dev/rfd0 . > > To read it when you get home: > > (put the floppy in the drive at home; and extract the tarball > wherever you want the files) > > % tar -xvf /dev/rfd0 > > The flags -c and -x indicate create and extract mode, the ``v'' > specifies verbose mode, and the ``f'' tells tar that the following > argument is the file or device that tar acts upon. Here, it is > the floppy devide. > > > With cpio: > > (chdir to the directory where the files are) > > % ls | cpio -oc > /dev/rfd0 > > To read a cpio archive from a tape drive: > > % cpio -icd < /dev/rfd0 > > > The flags -i and -o indicate copy-in or extract mode and > copy-out or create archive mode. The ``c'' tells cpio > to use the old, portablr ASCII archive format. And the > ``d'' flag tells cpio to create directories where necessary. > > Do a > > % man cpio > > for much greater detail on this utility. > > ----- > > There are another one or two of the simpler Q/A's and one or two > more involved. > > Then, for this month only, I want to write a paragraph or two > about who I am and where I'm coming from. Since you are sharing > the by-line you might want to consider this too. > > gary > > PS: Next month we get a break!! > > -- > Gary D. Kline kl...@tao.thought.org Public service > uNix > > ==== > as you can see, this dealt with my olden tape drive. a 250meg > QIC drive, I think. but this was about the earliest reference > I could find re my use of cpio. there are others in my journal > dir that reference my running out of hard drive and using cpio > rather > that a straight cp -rp. [this was back when a 130meg drive was > Huge > and made me feel rick.] > > > > > Cheers, > > > > Matthew > > > > -- > > Dr Matthew J Seaman MA, D.Phil. > > PGP: http://www.infracaninophile.co.uk/pgpkey > > > > > > > _______________________________________________ > firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list > http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions > To unsubscribe, send any mail to " > freebsd-questions-unsubscr...@freebsd.org" > _______________________________________________ email@example.com mailing list http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions To unsubscribe, send any mail to "freebsd-questions-unsubscr...@freebsd.org"