On 2004-07-05 09:23, Mark Jayson Alvarez <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote: > > 1. What is the command for ejecting the cdrom?
# cdcontrol -f /dev/acd0 eject The `cdcontrol' command works fine with my ATAPI CD-ROMs. I haven't used it with SCSI CD-ROM devices, but AFAIK it works for those too. > 2. Do you know if viruses exist in freebsd, like in Windows? None, at all. This does not imply that there are no problems regarding the security of a BSD system, ever, at all... At times, there are bugs and security problems with programs that can be run on a BSD system too. None of that crap with virii taking over unsuspecting users' home machines and launching attacks on random IP blocks on the Internet causing all sorts of havoc and disturbance to the world though. > 3. When I issued a netstat command, and i see something like > 192.135.15... connected to 192.262.33..., what is the command for > terminating such connections? Netstat is fine, but I usually prefer sockstat when I'm sitting in front of a BSD shell. The output is more informative when one cares to know exactly this sort of thing (which process has opened which connection): : [EMAIL PROTECTED]:~$ sockstat -4 : USER COMMAND PID FD PROTO LOCAL ADDRESS FOREIGN ADDRESS : ncvs cvsup 4664 4 tcp4 22.214.171.124:63581 126.96.36.199:5999 : root sendmail 3721 4 tcp4 127.0.0.1:25 *:* : root named 1738 4 udp4 *:61077 *:* : root named 1738 20 udp4 127.0.0.1:53 *:* : root named 1738 21 tcp4 127.0.0.1:53 *:* : [EMAIL PROTECTED]:~$ Kill the PID that has opened the connection and off it goes. > 4. When I issued a "alias ls ls -FGh" how can I make this alias for > 'ls' permanent? And where are the individual manpages for those > built-in commands located? Aliases are a shell-dependant feature. The default shells that are part of teh FreeBSD base system have the following ways to define aliases: 1. Interactively: As you type commands in your /bin/sh prompt, try this: $ alias ls='/bin/ls -FGh' In tcsh, the '=' sign is not necessary but pay very careful attention to the quoting of special characters, because tcsh(1) is picky: % alias ls /bin/ls -FGh 2. In startup files Whatever you type in the command line can be stored in a shell startup script, making it effectively persistent across login sessions. Each shell has its own startup files; sh(1) uses `.profile' and `.shrc', while tcsh(1) reads `.tcshrc', `.login', and `.logout'. > 5. Does any version of freebsd supports mounting, reading, and writing > of ext3fs partitions of linux? Journaling metadata isn't supported AFAIK by any version of FreeBSD. If the filesystem hasn't been mkfs'ed to use some of the special, unportable to other systems, Linux-specific features of ext3, you might get away with mounting it as ext2. > 6. Can freebsd turn off my monitor or any other peripherals of my pc > in a given idle time, like the "stand by" in Windows? How?(just the > link) Read about xset(1) in XFree86. Especially the sections about `dpms'. This should work while you're using a GUI. For the console, you'd have to enable the screen saver support and set > your screen saver to `green_saver'. This will turn the monitor off > instead of drawing pretty ascii-art pictures on it :-) > 7. What is the correct way of rebuilding my ports? In freebsd sources, > I do a make buildworld and then make installworld. How do I do it in > my ports collection? (e.g; make buildports, make installports??? :-) I use "metaports", i.e. ports that I have written which depend on all the ports I regularly use. This is a sort of hackish way to update your ports, but I usually update my installed ports only when there is a security problem with one of them. Which is a lot less often than the updates I do to the base system with CVSup, buildworld, etc. A lot of people like `portupgrade' for keeping their ports up to date. It's available in the ports and there are dozens of tutorials online that explain how it works. A quick google search yields: http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/ct/15 http://www.silbsd.org/cvsup_instructions2.html http://librenix.com/?inode=3380 HTH, Giorgos _______________________________________________ [EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"