Greetings FreeIPA mailing list:
I have an FC11 environment setup for testing the FreeIPA implementation
of kerberos+ldap w/admin utils. Our primary purpose for kerberos right
now is to provide auth services for coda. However, once that gnat is
squished, we'll of course be using kerberos for various other
authentication services as well, and possibly using ldap for all manner
of things (top of the list is basic server configuration information).
So far, FreeIPA is a wonderful product and has very much simplified our
My only real disappointment with FreeIPA, in fact, was seeing the notion
of a "master server". Moreover, I have not been able to determine what
configuration or crucial data is stored on the master server -- of utmost
importance, is _where_ said crucial configuration/data is stored so that
we may suitably back it up.
This of course raises disaster recovery questions. Such as, in the event
of a disaster, is it possible (and advisable?) to somehow "promote" a
FreeIPA slave/peer server to "master" status? Or must we deploy a new
server with the same name as the old and then somehow sync up the
non-master data from the slave/peer(s)? Obviously, the best scenario
would be that we could do either, as the decision on whether to promote
or re-deploy will depend heavily on circumstances surrounding the
I am assuming the following scenario:
*) master server goes down
*) slave/peer(s) continue taking updates, the only exception being no
FreeIPA servers may be deployed (correct??)
*) several days pass
*) master server is determined irreparable
At which point, what should we have done prior to this failure, to give
us the most options for recovery?
Are there worse scenarios we can plan for? Any other actions we can take
that might save our bacon down the road?
Glad to hear the freeIPA is filling your needs.
See this bug on promoting a new master:
Each IPA server is in fact a complete standalone server. The only
distinctions about the "master" are:
- It was the first one installed
- It owns the CA private key so only it can generate replicas
- It is the hub for replication
The MMR we set up has each replica talking to this initial master. So if
it goes down all communication between other replicas is hosed.
All is not lost though. You can use ipa-replica-manage to set up
additional communication links between your replicas. I don't think I'd
get too carried away with this though and make each replica talk to every
We just don't set up these additional links by default.
How can these links be established after the master is down for the count?
For that matter, how do we "convert" one of the non-master servers to a new
master (assuming we've got the CA backed-up, of course)?
It all depends on your needs, paranoia, etc. Critically though you should
back up the CA cert and key and stick it in a vault somewhere, the
kerberos master key too if you're really paranoid (but it exists on the
replicas too, unlike the CA key).
Where is this crucial data stored?
I think I had this all sorted, but then my laptop crashed. Regardless, I
can't seem to find it on my free-ipa server.
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