Hi Dmitri, Rich and all,

 I am a newbie to Redhat IPA, It looks like pretty cool compared with other 
solutions I've tried before. Thanks a lot for this great product! :)

 But there are still some things I needs your help. My main question is: How to 
restore the IPA setup with a daily machine-level IPA Replica backup?

 Please let me explain my IPA setup background and backup/restore goals trying 
to reach:

 I'm running IPA 2.1.3 on Redhat Enterprise 6.2. The IPA master is setup with 
Dogtag CA system. It is installed first. Then two IPA replicas are installed -- 
with '--setup-ca' options -- for load balancing and failover purposes.

 To describe my problems/objectives, I'll name the IPA Master as machine A, IPA 
replicas as B and C. and now I've one more extra IPA replica 'D' (virtual 
machine) setup ONLY for backup purposes.
  The setup looks like the following, A is the configuration Hub. B,C,D are 

   /  |  \   
 B  C  D

 The following are the steps I backup IPA setups and LDAP backends daily -- it 
is a whole machine-level backup (through virtual machine D).

1, First, IPA replica D is backed up daily. The backup happens like this: 

   1.1 on IP replica D, run 'service IPA stop'. Then run 'shutdown -h <D>'.  On 
the Hypervisor which holds virtual machine D, do a daily backup of the whole 
virtual disk that D is on. 
   1.2 turn on the IP replica D again.
   1.3 after virtual machine D is up, on D optionally run a 'ipa-replica-manage 
--force-sync --from <A>' to sync the IPA databases forcibly.

Now comes to restore part, which is pretty confusing to me. I've tried several 
times, and every times it comes this or that kinds of issues and so I am 
wondering that correct steps/ineraction of IPA Master/replicas are the king :(

 2, case #1, A is broken, like disc failure, and then re-imaged after several 

   2.1  How to rebuild the IPA Master/Hub A after A is re-imaged, with the 
daily backup from IPA replica D?

   2.2  do I have to check some files on A into subversion immediately after A 
was initially installed?
   2.3  Please describe the steps. I'll follow exactly and report the results.

3, case #2, A is working, but either B, or C is broken.

  3.1 It looks that I don't need the daily backup of D to kick in, is that 
  3.2 What are the correct steps on A; and B after it is re-imaged?
  3.3  Please describe the steps. I'll follow exactly and report the results.

4, case #3, If  some un-expected IPA changes happens on A -- like all users are 
deleted by human mistakes --, and even worse, all the changes are propagated to 
B and C in minutes.

  4.1 How can I recover the IPA setup from daily backup from D?
  4.2 which IPA master/replicas I should recover first? IPA master A, or IPA 
replicas B/C? and then how to recover others left one by one?
  4.3 Do I have to disconnect replication agreement of B,C,D from A first?  
  4.4  Please describe the steps. I'll follow exactly and report the results.

 I've heard something about tombstone records too, Not sure whether the problem 
still exists in 2.1.3, or 2.2.0(on 6.3Beta)? If so, How can I avoid it with 
correct recovery steps/interactions.

Thanks a lot. 

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